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This article is about the year 869. For the number, see 869 (number).
|Centuries:||8th century – 9th century – 10th century|
|Decades:||830s 840s 850s – 860s – 870s 880s 890s|
|Years:||866 867 868 – 869 – 870 871 872|
|869 by topic|
|State leaders – Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishment and disestablishment categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||1622|
|Chinese calendar||戊子年 (Earth Rat)
3565 or 3505
— to —
己丑年 (Earth Ox)
3566 or 3506
|- Vikram Samvat||925–926|
|- Shaka Samvat||791–792|
|- Kali Yuga||3970–3971|
|Japanese calendar||Jōgan 11
|Minguo calendar||1043 before ROC
|Seleucid era||1180/1181 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||1411–1412|
- Summer – Emperor Basil I allies with the Frankish emperor Louis II against the Saracens. He sends a Byzantine fleet – of 400 ships (according to the Annales Bertiniani) – under the command of admiral Nicetas to support Louis who is besieging the city port of Bari and to clear the Adriatic Sea of Muslim raids.
- The Hagia Sophia in Constantinople suffers great damage during an earthquake, which makes the eastern half-dome collapse. Basil I orders the basilica (church) to be repaired.
- August 8 – King Charles the Bald tries to take Lotharingia, kingdom of Lothair II after the latter's death, but is resisted by his brother Louis the German.
- The Danes led by Viking chieftain Ivar the Boneless 'make peace' with the Mercians (by accepting Danegeld). He leaves Nottingham on horseback and returns to York.
- Autumn –The Great Heathen Army led by Ivar the Boneless and Ubba invades East Anglia and plunders Peterborough. The Vikings take up winter quarters at Thetford.
- November 20 – King Edmund the Martyr and his East Anglian army is destroyed by the Vikings. He is captured, tortured, beaten and used as archery practice.
- The Zanj Rebellion: The Zanj (black slaves from East Africa), provoked by mercilessly harsh labor conditions in salt flats and on the sugar and cotton plantations of southwestern Persia, revolt.
- Summer – Caliph Al-Mu'tazz is murdered by mutinous Muslim troops after a 3-year reign. He is succeeded by Al-Muhtadi (a grandson of former Al-Mu'tasim) as ruler of the Abbasid Caliphate.
- May 26 – An earthquake and tsunami devastate a large part of the Sanriku coast on the northeastern side of the island of Honshu.
- Stela 11, the last monument ever erected at Tikal, is dedicated by ruler (ajaw) Jasaw Chan K'awiil II.
- The Fourth Council of Constantinople is called by Basil I and pope Adrian II. The council condemnes Photius I and deposes him as patriarch. His predecessor Ignatius is reinstated.
- Al-Jahiz, Afro-Muslim scholar and writer (or 868)
- Al-Mu'tazz, Muslim caliph (b. 847)
- February 14 – Cyril, Byzantine missionary and bishop
- Dongshan Liangjie, Chinese Buddhist teacher (b. 807)
- November 20 – Edmund the Martyr, king of East Anglia
- Ermentrude of Orléans, queen of the Franks (b. 823)
- Leuthard II, Frankish count (or 858)
- August 8 – Lothair II, king of Lotharingia (b. 835)
- Solomon, Frankish count (approximate date)
- Yu Xuanji, Chinese poet (or 868)
- Kreutz, p. 43.
- Paul Hill (2009). The Viking Wars of Alfred the Great, pp. 32–33. ISBN 978-1-59416-087-5.
- Paul Hill (2009). The Viking Wars of Alfred the Great, p. 36. ISBN 978-1-59416-087-5.
- Martin, Simon; Nikolai Grube (2000). Chronicle of the Maya Kings and Queens: Deciphering the Dynasties of the Ancient Maya. London and New York: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 0-500-05103-8. OCLC 47358325.
- Karl Rahner (2004). Encyclopedia of Theology, p. 389. ISBN 0-86012-006-6.