86th Street (Second Avenue Subway)
|Future New York City Subway rapid transit station|
Station construction in May 2015
|Address||86th Street & Second Avenue
New York, NY 10028
|Locale||Upper East Side, Yorkville|
|Line||IND Second Avenue Line|
|Transit connections||NYCT Bus: M15 (SB), M15 SBS (SB), M86 SBS|
|Platforms||1 island platform|
|Opened||December 30, 2016 (Planned)|
|Next north||96th Street: under construction|
|Next south||72nd Street: under construction|
86th Street is an under construction station on the first phase of the Second Avenue Line of the New York City Subway. Located at the intersection of Second Avenue and 86th Street on the Upper East Side, It is expected to open on December 30, 2016, with the Q train providing full-time service, as well as some N service during rush hours. The station will have two tracks and an island platform.
|B1||Upper Mezzanine||Escalators and stairs to Exits/Entrances and lower mezzanine|
|B2||Lower Mezzanine||Fare control, station agent, MetroCard vending machines|
|Staircases and elevators to platforms
|Southbound||→ No service (present)
← ( rush hours) (under construction) toward Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue (72nd Street)
|Northbound||→ No service (present)
→ ( rush hours) (under construction) toward 96th Street (Terminus) →
The station is built so that it is more wide open than most other underground stations in the system; its architecture, along with two other Second Avenue Subway stations, was compared to a Washington Metro station by Dr. Michael Horodniceanu, President of MTA Capital Construction. The platform is 93 feet (28 m) below ground. The platform for the 86th Street station, like the other Second Avenue Subway stations, is 27.8 feet (8.5 m) wide.
The station will have air-cooling systems to make it at least 10 °F (6 °C) cooler than other subway stations during the summer. This will require the station to have large ventilation and ancillary buildings, rather than traditional subway grates. The station will also be compliant with current fire codes, whereas most existing stations are not.
Entrances, exits, and ancillary buildings
There are 3 entrances and exits under construction. This includes 10 escalators and one elevator.
- Ancillary 1, SW corner of Second Avenue and 83rd Street
- Ancillary 2, NW corner of Second Avenue and 86th Street
Controversy emerged over the station in February 2011, when a lawsuit was filed by the Yorkshire Towers over the location of Entrance 2, whose two locations were located right in front of the building but facing away from its semicircular driveway. The entrances, planned to service 3,600 people an hour, were alleged in the lawsuit to be destroying the quality of life for building tenants, if the entrances were to be built in the location. The lawsuit was later dismissed.
The Second Avenue Line was originally proposed in 1919 as part of a massive expansion of what would become the Independent Subway System (IND).:203 Work on the line never commenced, as the Great Depression crushed the economy. Numerous plans for the Second Avenue Subway appeared throughout the 20th century, but these were usually deferred due to lack of funds. In anticipation of the never-built new subway line, the Second and Third Avenue elevated lines were demolished in 1942 and 1955, respectively. The Second Avenue Elevated had one station at 86th Street and Second Avenue—right above the same intersection where the under-construction subway station is located—while the Third Avenue Elevated had two stops on nearby Third Avenue at 84th Street and 89th Street.
As part of the New York City Transit Authority's 1968 Program for Action, the construction of the full-length Second Avenue Subway was proposed. It was to be built in two phases—the first phase from 126th to 34th Streets, the second phase from 34th to Whitehall Streets.
In 1999, the Regional Plan Association considered a full-length Second Avenue Subway, which include 86th Street as one of its planned 31 stations. The main station entrance would be at 86th Street to the north, with additional exits between 86th and 82nd Streets to the south. Planning for the station was finalized in June 2007.
On September 15, 2011, the contract for building the station was awarded to the joint venture of Skanska USA and Traylor Bros Inc. As of January 17, 2013[update], the cavern stretching from 83rd to 87th Streets was 57% excavated. By July 2013, construction of the station was 53% complete. The final blast for the 86th Street station was completed for an escalator cavern on November 22, 2013. Skanska/Traylor were still installing waterproofing and steel reinforcement, as well as putting concrete around the underground cavern, entrances, and ancillaries. As of May 2014[update], entrances 1 and 2 are being built, and excavation is 100% complete; as of December 2014[update], the station shell is complete, bringing the total Second Avenue Subway project progress to three-fourths completion.
The station was scheduled to be completed by May 16, 2016, but the estimated completion date has been pushed back to October 2016. It is planned to open on December 30, 2016, along with the other two stations on the Second Avenue Line.
Since 2013, construction of the station has caused the value of real estate in the area to rise. However, construction has temporarily made the prices of real estate decrease to "affordable" levels. Although the surrounding area's real estate prices had been declining since the 1990s, there had been increases in the purchases and leases of residential units around the area, causing real estate prices to rise again. Some businesses near the station's construction site had also lost profits.
Second Avenue Subway Community Information Center
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The Second Avenue Subway Community Information Center, which gives information about Phase I construction to community members, is located nearby, at 1628 Second Avenue between 84th and 85th Streets. It opened on July 25, 2013. On May 23, 2014, a new exhibit about the construction techniques used to build the Second Avenue Subway, titled "En Route: The Techniques and Technologies Used to Build the Second Avenue Subway", was launched at the center. In addition, a train simulator allows visitors to simulate the operation of a Second Avenue Subway train. Throughout the process of construction, the MTA also gave intermittent tours of the construction site to Upper East Side residents with reservations.
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