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|Centuries:||8th century – 9th century – 10th century|
|Decades:||850s 860s 870s – 880s – 890s 900s 910s|
|Years:||880 881 882 883 884 885 886 887 888 889|
|Births – Deaths – By country
Establishments – Disestablishments
This is a list of events occurring in the 880s, ordered by year.
- May 1 – The Nea Ekklesia is inaugurated in Constantinople, setting the model for all later cross-in-square Orthodox churches.
- Oldest known mention of the city of Dortmund.
- December 22 – Luoyang, eastern capital of the Tang Dynasty, is captured by rebel leader Huang Chao during the reign of Emperor Xizong.
- Pope John VIII issues the bull Industriae Tuae, creating an independent ecclesiastical province in Great Moravia with Archbishop Saint Methodius as its head. The Old Church Slavonic is recognized as the fourth liturgical language, besides Latin, Greek and Hebrew.
- A bishopric is established in Nitra.
- February 12 – Pope John VIII crowns Charles the Fat, the King of Italy: Holy Roman Emperor
- Battle of Saucourt-en-Vimeu: Louis III of France routs Norman pirates.
- Vikings raid Cologne, Bonn and Aachen.
- St. Cäcilien, Cäcilienstraße, Cologne is founded as a college for women. It is now kept at the Schnütgen Museum.
- Anarawd ap Rhodri defeats the Mercians in a battle described as "God's vengeance for Rhodri", who had been killed in battle a few years earlier.
- Bakong (Harihara-Laya) is founded.
- c. December – Ishaq ibn Kundaj arrests the Abbasid Caliph al-Mu'tamid when the latter tries to flee into Tulunid territory.
- January 20 – Louis the Younger, king of Saxony dies, leaving his territory to his brother, the emperor Charles the Fat.
- August 5 – Carloman II, King of West Francia, becomes sole king upon the death of his brother, Louis III.
- Oleg of Novgorod takes Kiev and makes it his capital starting in Russia and eastern Europe forming the Kievan Rus' replacing the 19-year-long Christianization of the Rus' Khaganate.
- The Zanj Rebellion is defeated with the capture of their capital, al-Mukhtara.
- The Abbasid governor of Tarsus, Yazaman al-Khadim, routs a Byzantine army under Kesta Styppiotes in a night attack.
- Oldest known mention of the city of Duisburg.
- Monte Cassino is sacked and burned down by the Saracens.
- The Balaton Principality is conquered by King Svatopluk I of Great Moravia.
- March 1 – Diego Rodríguez Porcelos founds and repopulates Burgos.
- December 12 – Charles the Fat becomes King of Western Francia, thus for the last time reuniting the Frankish kingdom.
- Fróði becomes King of Denmark.
- The Huang Chao rebellion is suppressed by the Tang dynasty of China, with the help of the Shatuo Turks.
- Emperor Yōzei of Japan is deposed, and succeeded by his paternal great-uncle Emperor Kōkō.
- Muhammad ibn Zayd succeeds his brother Hasan as emir of Tabaristan
- May 17 – Pope Adrian III (also referred to as Hadrian III) succeeds Pope Marinus I as the 109th pope.
- 5 or 6 April – The Battle of Tawahin between Abbasids and Tulunids results in a decisive Tulunid victory and ends the Abbasid attempt to recover Syria from the Tulunids.
- The Vikings besiege Paris.
- Godfrith, the Sea King is killed in Lobith. The Vikings lose control of most of the modern Netherlands.
- Oldest known mention of Baky, Azerbaijan.
- September – Pope Stephen V (also referred to as Stephen VI) succeeds Pope Adrian III as the 110th pope.
- The Glagolitic alphabet, devised by Cyril and Methodius, missionaries from Constantinople, is adopted in the Bulgarian Empire.
- Alfred the Great captures London and renames it Lundenburgh. Slightly upstream from London Bridge he builds a small harbour called Queenhythe. Control of London is given to Earl Aethelred who marries Alfred's daughter Ethelfleda.
- Alfred the Great mints the first halfpenny. (Previous halfpennies had been pennies cut in half)
- Khan Boris I of Bulgaria establishes the Preslav and Ohrid Literary Schools.
- Charles II of France purchases peace with Vikings. Rollo of Normandy then lifts his siege of Paris.
- Odo, Count of Paris becomes Count of Anjou on the death of Hugh the Abbot.
- Leo VI succeeds his stepfather Basil I as Byzantine emperor and replaces patriarch Photius with his brother Stephen I.
- The city of Toledo rises against the Umayyad leader.
- Charles the Fat is deposed from the entire Carolingian Empire.
- Odo, Count of Paris ascends to the throne of Western Francia (modern France).
- Berengar of Friuli ascends to the throne of Italy.
- Arnulf of Carinthia ascends to the throne of Eastern Francia (modern Germany).
- January 13 – With the death of Charles the Fat, the Frankish kingdom and is split again, and this time permanently. Odo, Count of Paris becomes King of the Western Franks. The Carolingian Empire soon falls.
- Abdullah ibn Muhammad al-Umawi succeeds Al-Mundhir as emir of Córdoba, Spain.
- Shaftesbury Abbey is founded in Dorset, England.
- Yasovarman I succeeds Indravarman I as ruler of the Khmer Empire.
- The Unified Silla kingdom seeks to collect taxes by force directly from peasants, setting off massive peasant rebellions.
- Bongwon Temple is founded in present-day Korea.
- The Japanese era Ninna ends and Kanpyō begins.
- Emperor Zhaozong of Tang begins his reign.
- Vladimir succeeds Boris I Michael as king of Bulgaria.
- Prince Svatopluk I of Moravia occupies the territory of the Lusatian Serbs.
- Donald II succeeds Eochaid I as king of Scotland.
- Arnulf of Carinthia grants Osnabrück trade privileges.
- In Italy, Forlì becomes a republic for the first time.
- Bagrat Mampali begins his reign of Georgia.
- In Portugal, the count of Coimbra, Hermenegildo Gutiérrez reconquers Coimbra temporarily lost after the first conquest of 878.
- Unbenanntes Dokument
- Traditional date.
- Fields, Philip M. (1987). The History of al-Ṭabarī, Vol. XXXVII: The ʻAbbāsid Recovery. Albany, New York: State University of New York Press. pp. 143–144. ISBN 0-88706-053-6.
- Rucquoi, Adeline (1993). Histoire médiévale de la Péninsule ibérique. Paris: Seuil. p. 85. ISBN 2-02-012935-3.
- Picard, Christophe (2000). Le Portugal musulman (VIIIe-XIIIe siècle0. L'Occident d'al-Andalus sous domination islamique. Paris: Maisonneuve & Larose. p. 109. ISBN 2-7068-1398-9.