885 series

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885 series
JR Kyushu 885 series SM9 20100822.jpg
885 series train, August 2010
In serviceMarch 2000–Present[1]
Family nameHitachi A-train
Number built69 vehicles
Number in service66 vehicles (11 trainsets)
Number scrapped3 vehicles (accident damage)
Formation6 cars per trainset
Fleet numbersSM1–11
Operator(s)JR Kyushu
Line(s) servedKagoshima Main Line, Nagasaki Main Line, Nippō Main Line
Car body constructionAluminium
Car length21,650 mm (71 ft 0 in) (end cars)
20,500 mm (67 ft 3 in) (intermediate cars)[3]
Width2,910 mm (9 ft 7 in)
Height3,825 mm (12 ft 6.6 in)
Maximum speed130 km/h (80 mph)[3]
Traction systemIGBT-VVVF
Power output190 kW (per motor)
2,280 kW (whole set)
Acceleration2.2 km/(h⋅s) (1.4 mph/s)
Deceleration4.3 km/(h⋅s) (2.7 mph/s)
5.2 km/(h⋅s) (3.2 mph/s) (emergency)
Electric system(s)20 kV AC
Current collection methodOverhead lines
Braking system(s)Air brakes with regenerative braking
Safety system(s)ATS-SK, ATS-Dk
Track gauge1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)

The 885 series (885系) is an AC electric multiple unit (EMU) train type operated on limited express services by Kyushu Railway Company (JR Kyushu) in Japan.[3] The type is part of Hitachi's A-train family of multiple units.


The 885 series is operated on two of JR Kyushu's named trains:

The fleet was originally divided into seven Shiroi Kamome (White Seagull) fleet sets, SM1 to SM7, with yellow lining, and four Shiroi Sonic (White Sonic) sets, SM8 to Sm11, with blue lining, but the entire fleet was later made interchangeable, with all sets repainted with blue lining by June 2012.[4][5]


The Shiroi Kamome fleet was built and entered service as six-car units. The Sonic fleet entered service as five-car units, but were extended to six cars in 2003 to allow interchangeability between the two fleets.[1]

Sets SM1–7[edit]

These sets are formed as follows:[4][6]

Car No. 1 2 3 4 5 6
Designation Thsc M1 T1 T M Mc
Numbering KuRoHa 884 MoHa 885-100 SaHa 885-100 SaHa 885 MoHa 885 KuMoHa 885
  • Cars 2 and 5 are each fitted with one PS401KA single-arm pantograph.[4]
  • Cars 4, 5, and 6 of Set SM3 are numbered in the -400 series.[4]

Sets SM8–11[edit]

These sets are formed as follows.[4][6]

Car No. 1 2 3 4 5 6
Designation Thsc M2 T2 T M Mc
Numbering KuRoHa 884 MoHa 885-200 SaHa 885-300 SaHa 885 MoHa 885 KuMoHa 885
  • Cars 2 and 5 are each fitted with one PS401KA single-arm pantograph.[4]


Seating is covered in leather in both standard class and Green class. The interior flooring is made of wood.


885 series train in original Kamome livery, July 2005

All cars were made no-smoking from the start of the revised timetable on 18 March 2007.[4]

By June 2012, all sets were repainted into the Sonic colour scheme of white with blue lining.[4]


The 885 series has also been used as the basis for six new 8-car trains for use on the route between Taipei and Hualien in Taiwan (known as Taroko Express).[7] Deliveries of the trains began in late 2006, with the first public test of the new trains in March 2007.[8][9]


  1. ^ a b JR電車編成表 2010夏 [JR EMU Formations - Summer 2010]. Japan: Kotsu Shimbunsha. May 2010. pp. 200–201. ISBN 978-4-330-14310-1.
  2. ^ JR電車編成表 '07冬号 [JR EMU Formations - Winter 2007]. Japan: JRR. December 2006. ISBN 978-4-88283-046-7.
  3. ^ a b c JR全車輌ハンドブック2009 [JR Rolling Stock Handbook 2009]. Japan: Neko Publishing. 2009. ISBN 978-4-7770-0836-0.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j JR電車編成表 2012夏 [JR EMU Formations - Summer 2012]. Japan: Kotsu Shimbunsha. May 2012. p. 208. ISBN 978-4-330-28612-9.
  5. ^ "6/23, 885系 青帯への塗装変更完了" [23 June: 885 series repainting to blue lining complete]. Japan Railfan Magazine. 52 (617): 170. September 2012.
  6. ^ a b "JR九州 新幹線・特急列車の運転体系概要" [Overview of JR Kyushu Shinkansen & Limited Express Operations]. Tetsudō Daiya Jōhō Magazine. 40 (323): 28–31. March 2011.
  7. ^ Taiwan Railway Administration (TRA) has ordered six tilting A-Train concept EMUs from Hitachi, Japan, at a cost of about 9 billion yen - International Railway Journal
  8. ^ Hitachi is Boosting up Railway System Business in Taiwan - Tilting Train Project Archived 26 July 2009 at the Wayback Machine - Hitachi
  9. ^ TRA conducts test ride of tilting trains - Taipei Times, 21 March 2007