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Millennium: 1st millennium
899 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 899
Ab urbe condita 1652
Armenian calendar 348
Assyrian calendar 5649
Balinese saka calendar 820–821
Bengali calendar 306
Berber calendar 1849
Buddhist calendar 1443
Burmese calendar 261
Byzantine calendar 6407–6408
Chinese calendar 戊午(Earth Horse)
3595 or 3535
    — to —
己未年 (Earth Goat)
3596 or 3536
Coptic calendar 615–616
Discordian calendar 2065
Ethiopian calendar 891–892
Hebrew calendar 4659–4660
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 955–956
 - Shaka Samvat 820–821
 - Kali Yuga 3999–4000
Holocene calendar 10899
Iranian calendar 277–278
Islamic calendar 285–286
Japanese calendar Shōtai 2
Javanese calendar 797–798
Julian calendar 899
Korean calendar 3232
Minguo calendar 1013 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar −569
Seleucid era 1210/1211 AG
Thai solar calendar 1441–1442
Tibetan calendar 阳土马年
(male Earth-Horse)
1025 or 644 or −128
    — to —
(female Earth-Goat)
1026 or 645 or −127
King Edward the Elder (c. 874–924)

Year 899 (DCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.


By place[edit]


  • Summer – King Arnulf of Carinthia enlists the support of the Magyars to raid northern Italy. They overrun the Lombard plain all the way to Pavia. King Berengar I assembles a large army against the Magyars and confronts them near the Adda River. Daunted at the strong force, Árpád (head of the confederation of the Hungarian tribes) offers to make peace and restore much of what they've taken, if they are permitted to leave Italy unmolested. Berengar refuses and the Magyars withdraw to the Brenta River. Árpád renews his offer, offering to leave all his booty and even some hostages. Again Berengar refuses, and awaits them to cross the Brenta River for a final battle.
  • Battle of the Brenta: The Magyars, consisting of 5,000 men, take a circuitous route through the mountains, crossing the Brenta River and proceed south to fall upon the encamped Lombard army (15,000 men) at Cartigliano. The Magyars massacre much of Berengar's unprepared army. He himself manages to escape to Pavia, changing his dress with the clothing of one of his soldiers. Árpád renews the offensive and heads across Lombardy, pillaging the countryside around Treviso, Vicenza, Bergamo and other towns all the way to Vercelli. He turns south and heads down the Aemilian Road, sacking Reggio Emilia, Modena and Bologna.[1]
  • December 8 – Arnulf of Carinthia dies from paralysis following a stroke and is entombed in St. Emmeram's Abbey at Regensburg (Bavaria). He is succeeded by his 6-year-old son Louis III (the Child) as ruler of the East Frankish Kingdom. Arnulf's counselor Hatto I, archbishop of Mainz, becomes regent and guardian of the young king. Louis (possibly at the instigation of Hatto) claims Lotharingia from his half-brother Zwentibold and with support of the East-Frankish nobles he provokes a civil war. The Lombard throne is left temporarily vacant.
  • Winter – The Magyars turn back north towards the shores of the Venetian Lagoon. They pillage Chioggia and Pellestrina, and advance towards Malamocco. Their advance into the lagoon is checked by the assembly of the Venetian fleet under doge Pietro Tribuno, which defeats the Magyar's river-crossing vessels at Albiola and they pull back. The close-call with the Magyars prompts the Venetians to initiate the fortification of the Rialto and the building of protective chains over the Grand Canal.


Arabian Empire[edit]

By topic[edit]





  1. ^ AF(B), 900 (p. 141 and n4), with a loss of 20,000 men and many bishops. Corroborated by Liutprand, Antapodosis.
  2. ^ Paul Hill (2009). The Viking Wars of Alfred the Great, pp. 142–143. ISBN 978-1-59416-087-5.