From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Millennium: 1st millennium
899 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar899
Ab urbe condita1652
Armenian calendar348
Assyrian calendar5649
Balinese saka calendar820–821
Bengali calendar306
Berber calendar1849
Buddhist calendar1443
Burmese calendar261
Byzantine calendar6407–6408
Chinese calendar戊午年 (Earth Horse)
3596 or 3389
    — to —
己未年 (Earth Goat)
3597 or 3390
Coptic calendar615–616
Discordian calendar2065
Ethiopian calendar891–892
Hebrew calendar4659–4660
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat955–956
 - Shaka Samvat820–821
 - Kali Yuga3999–4000
Holocene calendar10899
Iranian calendar277–278
Islamic calendar285–286
Japanese calendarShōtai 2
Javanese calendar797–798
Julian calendar899
Korean calendar3232
Minguo calendar1013 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−569
Seleucid era1210/1211 AG
Thai solar calendar1441–1442
Tibetan calendar阳土马年
(male Earth-Horse)
1025 or 644 or −128
    — to —
(female Earth-Goat)
1026 or 645 or −127
King Edward the Elder (c. 874–924)

Year 899 (DCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.


By place[edit]


  • Summer – King Arnulf of Carinthia enlists the support of the Magyars, to raid northern Italy. They overrun the Lombard plain all the way to Pavia. King Berengar I assembles a large army against the Magyars, and confronts them near the Adda River. Daunted at the strong force, Árpád (head of the confederation of the Hungarian tribes) offers to make peace and restore much of what they've taken, if they are permitted to leave Italy unmolested. Berengar refuses, and the Magyars withdraw to the Brenta River. Árpád renews his offer, offering to leave all his booty and even some hostages. Again Berengar refuses, and awaits their crossing of the Brenta River for a final battle.
  • September 24Battle of the Brenta: The Magyar forces, consisting of 5,000 men, take a circuitous route through the mountains, crossing the Brenta River and proceed south to fall upon the encamped Lombard army (15,000 men) at Cartigliano. The Magyars massacre much of Berengar's unprepared army. He himself manages to escape to Pavia, changing his dress with the clothing of one of his soldiers. Árpád renews the offensive and heads across Lombardy, pillaging the countryside around Treviso, Vicenza, Bergamo and other towns all the way to Vercelli. He turns south and heads down the Aemilian Road, sacking Reggio Emilia, Modena and Bologna.[1]
  • December 8 – Arnulf of Carinthia dies from paralysis following a stroke and is entombed in St. Emmeram's Abbey at Regensburg (Bavaria). He is succeeded by his 6-year-old son Louis III (the Child) as ruler of the East Frankish Kingdom. Arnulf's counselor Hatto I, archbishop of Mainz, becomes regent and guardian of the young king. Louis (possibly at the instigation of Hatto) claims Lotharingia from his half-brother Zwentibold and with the support of the East Frankish nobles he provokes a civil war. The Lombard throne is left temporarily vacant.
  • Winter – The Magyars turn back north towards the shores of the Venetian Lagoon. They pillage Chioggia and Pellestrina, and advance towards Malamocco. Their advance into the lagoon is checked by the assembly of the Venetian fleet under doge Pietro Tribuno, which defeats the Magyar's river crossing vessels at Albiola, causing them to pull back. This close call with the Magyars prompts the Venetians to initiate the fortification of the Rialto and the building of protective chains over the Grand Canal.


Arabian Empire[edit]

By topic[edit]





  1. ^ AF(B), 900 (p. 141 and n4), with a loss of 20,000 men and many bishops. Corroborated by Liutprand, Antapodosis.
  2. ^ Paul Hill (2009). The Viking Wars of Alfred the Great, pp. 142–143. ISBN 978-1-59416-087-5.