8 Andromedae

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8 Andromedae
Observation data
Epoch J2000      Equinox J2000
Constellation Andromeda
Right ascension  23h 17m 44.64576s[1]
Declination +49° 00′ 55.0879″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) 4.82[2]
Spectral type M2.5 III Ba0.5[3]
B−V color index 1.673[4]
Radial velocity (Rv)−8.0±0.3[5] km/s
Proper motion (μ) RA: +34.758[1] mas/yr
Dec.: +5.890[1] mas/yr
Parallax (π)6.0562 ± 0.2086[1] mas
Distance540 ± 20 ly
(165 ± 6 pc)
Absolute magnitude (MV)−1.727[4]
Radius30[6] R
Surface gravity (log g)1.00±0.25[7] cgs
Temperature3,616±22[7] K
Metallicity [Fe/H]+0.04±0.08[7] dex
Rotational velocity (v sin i)5.0±1.0[8] km/s
Other designations
8 And, NSV 14484, BD+48° 3991, HD 219734, HIP 115022, HR 8860, SAO 52871, WDS J23177+4901A[9]
Database references

8 Andromedae, abbreviated 8 And, is a probable triple star[10] system in the northern constellation of Andromeda. 8 Andromedae is the Flamsteed designation. It is visible to the naked eye with an apparent visual magnitude of 4.82.[2] Based upon an annual parallax shift of 6.1 mas,[1] it is located 540 light years from the Earth. It is moving closer with a heliocentric radial velocity of −8 km/s.[5]

The primary component is an aging red giant star with a stellar classification of M2.5 III Ba0.5.[3] The suffix notation indicates this is a mild barium star, which means the stellar atmosphere is enriched with s-process elements. It is either a member of a close binary system and has previously acquired these elements from a (now) white dwarf companion or else it is on the asymptotic giant branch and is generating the elements itself.[11] This is a periodic variable of unknown type, changing in brightness with an amplitude of 0.0161 magnitude at a frequency of 0.23354 d−1, or once every 4.3 days.[12]

The third component is a magnitude 13.0 star at an angular separation of 7.8 along a position angle of 164°, as of 2015.[13]


  1. ^ a b c d e f Brown, A. G. A.; et al. (Gaia collaboration) (August 2018). "Gaia Data Release 2: Summary of the contents and survey properties". Astronomy & Astrophysics. 616. A1. arXiv:1804.09365. Bibcode:2018A&A...616A...1G. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201833051.
  2. ^ a b Anderson, E.; Francis, Ch. (2012), "XHIP: An extended hipparcos compilation", Astronomy Letters, 38 (5): 331, arXiv:1108.4971, Bibcode:2012AstL...38..331A, doi:10.1134/S1063773712050015.
  3. ^ a b Keenan, Philip C.; McNeil, Raymond C. (1989), "The Perkins catalog of revised MK types for the cooler stars", Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, 71: 245, Bibcode:1989ApJS...71..245K, doi:10.1086/191373.
  4. ^ a b Soubiran, C.; et al. (2008), "Vertical distribution of Galactic disk stars. IV. AMR and AVR from clump giants", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 480 (1): 91–101, arXiv:0712.1370, Bibcode:2008A&A...480...91S, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078788.
  5. ^ a b Gontcharov, G. A. (2006), "Pulkovo Compilation of Radial Velocities for 35 495 Hipparcos stars in a common system", Astronomy Letters, 32 (11): 759–771, arXiv:1606.08053, Bibcode:2006AstL...32..759G, doi:10.1134/S1063773706110065.
  6. ^ Pasinetti Fracassini, L. E.; et al. (February 2001), "Catalogue of Apparent Diameters and Absolute Radii of Stars (CADARS)", Astronomy and Astrophysics (Third ed.), 367 (2): 521–524, arXiv:astro-ph/0012289, Bibcode:2001A&A...367..521P, doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20000451.
  7. ^ a b c Prugniel, Ph.; et al. (2011), "The atmospheric parameters and spectral interpolator for the MILES stars", Astronomy & Astrophysics, 531: A165, arXiv:1104.4952, Bibcode:2011A&A...531A.165P, doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201116769.
  8. ^ Zamanov, R. K.; et al. (October 2008), "Rotational velocities of the giants in symbiotic stars - III. Evidence of fast rotation in S-type symbiotics", Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 390 (1): 377–382, arXiv:0807.3817, Bibcode:2008MNRAS.390..377Z, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2008.13751.x.
  9. ^ "8 And". SIMBAD. Centre de données astronomiques de Strasbourg. Retrieved September 14, 2018.
  10. ^ Eggleton, P. P.; Tokovinin, A. A. (September 2008), "A catalogue of multiplicity among bright stellar systems", Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 389 (2): 869–879, arXiv:0806.2878, Bibcode:2008MNRAS.389..869E, doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2008.13596.x.
  11. ^ Gomez, A. E.; et al. (1997), "Absolute magnitudes and kinematics of barium stars", Astronomy and Astrophysics, 319: 881, Bibcode:1997A&A...319..881G.
  12. ^ Koen, Chris; Eyer, Laurent (2002), "New periodic variables from the Hipparcos epoch photometry", Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 331: 45, arXiv:astro-ph/0112194, Bibcode:2002MNRAS.331...45K, doi:10.1046/j.1365-8711.2002.05150.x.
  13. ^ Mason, B. D.; et al. (2014), "The Washington Visual Double Star Catalog", The Astronomical Journal, 122: 3466–3471, Bibcode:2001AJ....122.3466M, doi:10.1086/323920.