8th Air Defence Army

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The 8th Separate Army of the Air Defence Forces (Military Unit Number 25342) was a Soviet military formation established in 1960. Army headquarters was in Kiev, Ukrainian SSR.

The 8th air defense army was formed in March 1960 on the basis of the Kiev Air Defense Army on the basis of the Directive of the General Staff of the Air Defense Forces No. omu/1/454690 of 24.03.1960. Previously the Kiev Air Defence Region had air defence responsibility for the area.

In 1988 it comprised the 49th and 60th Air Defence Corps.

The last commander of the army, General-Lieutenant Mikhail Lopatin (1989-1992), became the first commander of the Ukrainian Air Defense Forces, and retired as a colonel-general.

49th Air Defence Corps, 1988[edit]

HQ: Dnepropetrovsk, Dnepropetrovsk Oblast, 3.86 - 6.92

Units of the 49th ADC 1988 (Source Holm)

Regiment Base Equipment Remarks
146th Guards Fighter Aviation Regiment Vasylkiv (air base)? (Васильков) MiG-25PD Taken over by Ukraine 1.6.92. Disbanded 1.6.93. (Holm)
636th Fighter Aviation Regiment Kramatorsk, Donetsk Oblast МиГ-23П, Су-15ТМ 1.6.92 taken over by Ukraine. (Holm)
933rd Fighter Aviation Regiment PVO Kaydaki, Dnepropetrovsk Oblast MiG-25PD Taken over by Ukraine 1.6.92. Disbanded 15.5.96.[1]
96th Anti-Aircraft Missile Brigade Vasilkov, Kiev Oblast
148th Anti-Aircraft Missile Brigade Kharkov, Kharkov Oblast
212th Anti-Aircraft Missile Brigade Mariupol, Donetsk Oblast
  • 138th Anti-Aircraft Missile Regiment (Dnepropetrovsk, Dnepropetrovsk Oblast)
  • 276th Anti-Aircraft Missile Regiment (Svetlovodsk, Kirovograd Oblast)
  • 392nd Guards Anti-Aircraft Missile Regiment (Uman, Cherkassy Oblast)
  • 613th Anti-Aircraft Missile Regiment (Krivoi Rog, Dnepropetrovsk Oblast)
  • 508th Anti-Aircraft Missile Regiment (Donetsk, Donetsk Oblast)
  • 317th Anti-Aircraft Missile Regiment (Lugansk, Lugansk Oblast)
  • 138th Radio-Technical Brigade (Vasilkov, Kiev Oblast)
  • 164th Radio-Technical Brigade (Kharkov, Kharkov Oblast)
  • 95th Communications Center (Dnepropetrovsk, Dnepropetrovsk Oblast)

In June 1992 the corps was taken over by Ukraine.

60th Air Defence Corps[edit]

The 60th Air Defence Corps was formed on 15 June 1989 with its headquarters at Odessa. It was taken over by Ukraine on 1 June 1992.

Fighter Regiments of the 60th Air Defence Corps

Regiment Base Equipment Remarks
62nd Fighter Aviation Regiment Belbek Su-27P Crimean Oblast
737th Fighter Aviation Regiment Chervonoglinskoye, Odessa Oblast MiG-23MLD Reequipped with MiG-23 in 1981. Arrived from Ayaguz, Semipalatinsk Oblast in October 1989. Taken over by Ukraine 1.1.92. Disbanded 1998. (Holm, [1])
738th Fighter Aviation Regiment Zaporoshye-Mokroe, Zaporozhia Oblast МиG-23ML 738 иап 1945; transferred from 1st Air Defence Division on 15 July 1989. Disbanded 9 November 1990.[2]

Among other units that were part of the corps was the 160th Anti-Aircraft Artillery Brigade.

The army as a whole was on Ukrainian territory when the Soviet Union dissolved and became the basis for the Ukrainian Air Defence Forces. From January 24, 1992, after the collapse of the USSR, 28th Air Defense Corps, previously subordinate to 2nd Air Defence Army was transferred under the 8th Air Defence Army.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Michael Holm, 933rd Fighter Aviation Regiment PVO, accessed December 2012.
  2. ^ http://www.ww2.dk/new/air%20force/regiment/iap/738iap.htm
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-01-20. Retrieved 2012-12-23.