8th Canadian Infantry Brigade
|8th Canadian Infantry Brigade|
|Part of||3rd Canadian Infantry Division|
|3rd Canadian Infantry
Division Formation Patch
The 8th Canadian Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade of the Canadian Army that saw active service during World War I and World War II as part of the 3rd Canadian Infantry Division. The brigade fought on the Western Front during World War I from December 1915 to November 1918, and in Normandy and north-west Europe in 1944–1945 during World War II. It was a square formation of four infantry battalions during World War I, but was reduced to a triangular formation of three battalions during World War II.
World War I
Raised in December 1915 in France, the 8th Brigade formed part of the 3rd Canadian Division, and was formed from six Mounted Rifles regiments that were converted into infantry units, forming four infantry battalions. The brigade's first major action was fought around Mount Sorrel, where the brigade's commander, Brigadier General Victor Williams, was captured. After this, the brigade took part in most of the major actions fought by the Canadians on the Western Front for the next two-and-a-half years until the armistice in November 1918.
World War II
Formed once again as part of the 3rd Canadian Division, the 8th Brigade headquarters formed in September 1940, consisting of three infantry battalions supported by an anti-tank company. Training was conducted in Canada, and by July 1941, the brigade departed for the United Kingdom. After training in Britain, the 8th Brigade formed part of the assault forces on D-Day, at Juno Beach. The 8th went ashore in the area Courseulles-sur-Mer, Bernières-sur-Mer and St Aubin-sur-Mer, its task was to clear the beach and establish a beachhead perimeter before moving inland. Clearance of Courseilles was quickly done, thanks to detailed planning. Although the 8th Brigade reached is objectives by D-Day evening, "mopping-up" of by-passed German strongpoints took another ten days.
World War I
During World War I, the 8th Brigade consisted of the following units:
- 1st Battalion, Canadian Mounted Rifles, CEF: December 1915 – 11 November 1918
- 2nd Battalion, Canadian Mounted Rifles, CEF: December 1915 – 11 November 1918
- 4th Battalion, Canadian Mounted Rifles, CEF: December 1915 – 11 November 1918
- 5th Battalion, Canadian Mounted Rifles, CEF: December 1915 – 11 November 1918
In addition, the brigade was supported by a machine gun company and a trench mortar battery.
World War II
During World War II, the 8th Brigade consisted of the following units:
- The Queen's Own Rifles of Canada
- Le Régiment de la Chaudière
- The North Shore (New Brunswick) Regiment
- 8 Canadian Infantry Brigade Ground Defence Platoon (Lorne Scots)
- "3rd Division". Canadian Soldiers.com. Retrieved 11 December 2016.
- "3rd Canadian Division". The Long, Long Trail. Retrieved 27 November 2016.
- "3rd Canadian Infantry Division". Canadian Soldiers.com. Retrieved 27 November 2016.
- Stacey, Colonel C.P. "Canada's Battle in Normandy". The Canadian Army at War. Department of National Defence. Archived from the original on 8 April 2010. Retrieved 26 Feb 2010.