8th Mountain Division (Wehrmacht)

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8. Gebirgs-Division
(English: 8th Mountain Division)
150px-8th Mountain Division logo svg.png
Unit insignia
Active 1945
Country  Nazi Germany
Branch Army
Type Gebirgsjäger
Role Mountain warfare
Size Division
Engagements World War II
Insignia
Identification
symbol
157th Mountain Division logo.svg
Identification
symbol
Division arm insignia, monk with beer mug

The 8th Mountain Division (German: 8. Gebirgs Division) was formed on 27 February 1945 by the redesignation of the 157th Mountain Division, which itself had been formed from the 157th Infantry Division in September 1944, and which had participated in operations against the maquis of Vercors. The division was stationed in France until the Italian surrender when it then moved to Italy taking 5,772 prisoners in two days during the disarmament of the Italian Army. The division remained in Italy for the rest of the war and surrendered to the Americans in April, 1945.[1][2]

Commander[edit]

Order of battle[edit]

  • Gebirgsjäger Regiment 296
    • 3 x Battalions
  • Gebirgsjäger Regiment 297
    • 3 x Battalions
  • Gebirgs Artillery Regiment 1057
  • Feldersatz Battalion 1057
  • Panzerjäger Battalion 157
  • Reconnaissance Battalion 1057
  • Gebirgs Pionier Battalion 1057
  • Gebirgs Signals Battalion 1057
  • Division Supply troop 1057 [2]
German Mountain troops with MG 42 Italy 1944

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Divisionseinheiten der 157. Gebirgs-Division / 8. Gebirgs-Division". Lexikon der Wehrmacht. Retrieved 2009-01-04. 
  2. ^ a b Wendal, Marcus. "8. Gebirgs-Division". Axis History. Retrieved 2009-01-04. 

Further reading[edit]

  • James Lucas - Hitler's Mountain Troops: Fighting at the extremes
  • Veit Scherzer - 8. Gebirgs-Division
  • Gordon Williamson - German Mountain & Ski Troops 1939-45