8th Ukrainian Verkhovna Rada
| Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine|
of the 8th convocation
|Meeting place||Verkhovna Rada building|
|Term||27 November 2014– 24 July 2019|
|Election||2014 parliamentary election|
423 / 450(since December 9, 2014)
|Chairman||Volodymyr Groysman |
(from Petro Poroshenko Bloc)
|First Deputy||Andriy Parubiy (from People's Front)|
|Deputy||Oksana Syroyid (from Self Reliance)|
The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine of the 8th convocation (Ukrainian: Верховна Рада України VIII скликання, Verkhovna Rada Ukrayiny VIII sklykannia) was a convocation of the legislative branch of the Verkhovna Rada, Ukraine's unicameral parliament. The 8th convocation met at the Verkhovna Rada building in Kyiv, having begun its term on 27 November 2014 following the last session of the 7th Verkhovna Rada. Its term lasted five years and closed its last (tenth) session on 24 July 2019.
The 8th Verkhovna Rada's composition was based upon the results of the October 26, 2014 parliamentary election, which was contested eight months after the 2014 Ukrainian revolution which saw the overthrow of the Yanukovych regime. Ukraine's head of state during the parliament's term is President Petro Poroshenko. Eleven parties were represented in the Verkhovna Rada, although only six of them surpassed the mandatory five percent election threshold to gain representation based upon the proportional representation system.
On the first day of the parliament's session, five of the parliament's pro-European parties, the Petro Poroshenko Bloc, People's Front, Self Reliance, Fatherland, and Radical Party, signed a coalition agreement. Per the coalition agreement, the convocation of parliament was tasked with passing major reforms to ensure Ukrainian membership in European institutions such as the European Union and NATO, while dealing with the threat of further Russian aggression in the Donbass.
Prior to the parliament's official swearing-in ceremony, Volodymyr Groisman was the chairman of the parliament's preparatory deputy group, with Oksana Syroyid as deputy, and Pavlo Pynzenyk as the secretary. Two deputies, Vitali Klitschko, and Ihor Palytsia rejected their parliamentary mandates to remain in office as Mayor of Kyiv and Governor of Odessa Oblast, respectfully. Meanwhile, the parliament's preparatory deputy group adopted a resolution which accepted Nadiya Savchenko's handwritten letter stating that she accepted her parliamentary mandate. Savchenko was held captive by the Russian government from June 2014 until May 2016, after being abducted during the pro-Russian unrest.
A total of 27 constituencies were not elected due to various events taking place in the country. A total of 10 constituencies in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and two in the City of Sevastopol were not elected due to the 2014 Crimean crisis and subsequent annexation of Crimea by Russia, while a further nine constituencies in Donetsk Oblast and six constituencies in Luhansk Oblast were not elected due to the ongoing War in Donbass. Elections in these regions can only take place after the re-introduction of Ukrainian control over these territories.
- November 27, 2014: Arseniy Yatsenyuk is confirmed as Prime Minister for a second term with 341 votes in favor.
- December 2, 2014: The second Yatsenyuk government is approved with 288 votes in favor.
- December 23, 2014: Ukraine's status as that of a neutral country, one of the coalition's key points of action, is removed with 303 votes in favor.
- December 25, 2014: The National Security and Defense Council's jurisdiction and authority is expanded with 316 votes in favor.
- December 29, 2014: Along with a collection of other economic policy laws, the 2015 Ukraine budget is approved with 233 votes in favor.
Leadership (November 2014 – April 2016)
On November 27, 2014, the parliament elected Volodymyr Groysman from the Petro Poroshenko Bloc as the Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada. The parliament's chairman, first deputy chairman, and deputy chairman are all unaffiliated people's deputies according to parliamentary procedure. Oksana Syroyid is the first woman to ever hold a deputy chairman position in the Verkhovna Rada.
|Chairman||Volodymyr Groysman||359–0–3||November 27, 2014||Non-affiliated|
|First Deputy Chairman||Andriy Parubiy||313–23–4||December 2, 2014|
|Deputy Chairman||Oksana Syroyid|
|Faction leader(s)||Yuriy Lutsenko||November 27, 2014||Petro Poroshenko Bloc|
|Oleksandr Turchynov||People's Front|
|Yuriy Boyko||Opposition Bloc|
|Oleh Bereziuk||Self Reliance|
|Oleh Lyashko||Radical Party of Oleh Lyashko|
|Yulia Tymoshenko||All-Ukrainian Union "Fatherland"|
|Group leader(s)||Ihor Yeremeyev||People's Will|
Leadership (April 2016 – July 2019)
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|Chairman||Andriy Parubiy||14 April 2016||Non-affiliated|
|First Deputy Chairwoman||Iryna Herashchenko||14 April 2016|
|Deputy Chairman||Oksana Syroyid||27 November 2014|
|Faction leader(s)||Ihor Hryniv||17 May 2016||Petro Poroshenko Bloc|
|Maksym Burbak||3 July 2015||People's Front|
|Yuriy Boyko||27 November 2014||Opposition Bloc|
|Oleh Bereziuk||Self Reliance|
|Oleh Lyashko||Radical Party of Oleh Lyashko|
|Yulia Tymoshenko||All-Ukrainian Union "Fatherland"|
|Group leader(s)||Ihor Yeremeyev||People's Will|
Since November 28, 2014, the 8th Verkhovna Rada consists of a total of 420 people's deputies, which belong to one of six political party factions, two parliamentary groups, or the 38 unaffiliated people's deputies. For the first time in Ukrainian history, the Communist Party has failed to gain representation in the Verkhovna Rada.
Meanwhile, the Ukrainian Democratic Alliance for Reform (UDAR), which had 40 seats in the previous parliament's convocation, did not participate in the election independently. For the 2014 parliamentary election, UDAR merged their electoral lists with that of the Petro Poroshenko Bloc, being allocated 30 percent of bloc's electoral list.
A large portion of the 8th Verkhovna Rada are freshman people's deputies who did not have any prior legislative service. This convocation of parliament also has the largest representation of women in the Ukrainian parliament for the first time in history. While the women participation rate in parliament is lower than the 25.3 percent average of the OSCE member states, 49 of the deputies in parliament are women (approximately 12 percent).
Out of the newly elected deputies, 410 of them possess an academic degree; a further 144 deputies possess two or more such degrees. Fifty-four deputies are currently candidates for doctoral sciences, while 27 of them already possess a doctoral degree. The oldest member of parliament is the Opposition Bloc's Yukhym Zvyahilsky, who was elected from a constituency seat in northern Donetsk.
Parliamentary factions and deputy groups summary
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
|Petro Poroshenko Bloc||People's Front||Opposition Bloc||Self Reliance||Radical Party||Fatherland||Revival[a 1]||People's Will[a 2][a 3]||Non-affiliated[a 4]|
|End of previous convocation||DNP[a 5]||DNP[a 6]||DNP[a 7]||DNP||1||86||41||35||93||445||5|
|Seats won in 2014 election||132||82||29||33||22||19||DNP||DNP||96||423||27|
|November 27, 2014
|December 2, 2014||147||420||30|
|February 5, 2015||150||82||31||21||18||42||422||28|
|June 24, 2015||144||81||43||22||19||422||28|
|October 22, 2015||142||26||20||48||422||28|
|February 13, 2016||136||23||53||422||28|
|April 11, 2016||141||47||422||28|
|April 12, 2016||145[a 8]||19||44||422||28|
|July 19, 2016||142||42||422||28|
|September 21, 2016||143||21||46||422||28|
|December 23, 2016||142||20||24||18||48||422||28|
|September 10, 2017||138||20||17||51||422||28|
|July 31, 2017||135||25||24||19||55||422||28|
|November 22, 2018||135||38||60||422||28|
|Latest voting share||32.7%||19.2%||10.2%||6.2%||4.7%||4.7%||6.2%||4.0%||12.1%||93.8%||6.2%|
On November 21, 2014, the Petro Poroshenko Bloc, People's Front, Self Reliance, Fatherland, and Radical Party signed a coalition agreement. The coalition consists of a total of 302 deputies, which is more than the constitutional majority required by the constitution. The coalition agreement prioritized on a number of key points, namely:
Meanwhile, the parliamentary opposition consists of the Opposition Bloc faction, People's Will, and Revival. The Opposition Bloc represents politicians from the Party of Regions, which formed the Second Azarov Government and the majority caucus in parliament after the 2012 elections.
On December 4, 2014, the Verkhovna Rada approved the composition of its 27 committees and one special control commission. On December 11, 2014, parliament voted in favor of recalling all of the deputies who voted for the January 16 "dictatorship laws" of the previous convocation from their positions in committee leadership. Deputy Chairman Oksana Syroyid proposed this measure, which was adopted with 264 votes in favor.
Calls for reform
On December 11, 2014, the Yatsenyuk Government presented its course of action for the following year. It was proposed that the number of deputies in parliament be decreased to 150. According to estimates, adopting such a constitutional amendment would save ₴424 million annually (approx. US$26 million). As part of a separate reform effort, the governing coalition proposed removing parliamentary immunity for deputies.
In the Verkhovna Rada, impersonal voting (referred to as button pushing, from the Ukrainian: "кнопкодавство") has been a serious problem in parliament for many years. The deputies of the current convocation to vote impersonally have already been recognized less than a week into parliament's first session. Members of the nationalist Svoboda political party, which was elected into the parliament's previous convocation, proposed making deputies criminally liable for impersonal voting and banning them from holding any future parliamentary mandates. Members from the coalition's Petro Poroshenko Bloc have also recognized the need to ban impersonal voting.
- "Офіційний портал Верховної Ради України". iportal.rada.gov.ua. Retrieved February 6, 2020.
- "Information about the election results in multi-mandate constituencies" (in Ukrainian). Central Election Commission of Ukraine. Archived from the original on February 3, 2015. Retrieved December 1, 2014.
- "Message". Official portal (in Ukrainian). Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. November 19, 2014. Retrieved December 8, 2014.
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- Laws of Ukraine. Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine decree No. 5-VIII: Про призначення Яценюка А.П. Прем’єр-міністром України (On the appointment of Yatsenyuk A.P. as the Prime Minister of Ukraine). Adopted on November 27, 2014. (Ukrainian)
- Laws of Ukraine. Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine decree No. 9-VIII: Про формування складу Кабінету Міністрів України (On the formation of the composition of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine of Yatsenyuk). Adopted on December 2, 2014. (Ukrainian)
- "Rada abolished the neutral status of Ukraine" (in Ukrainian). Ukrayinska Pravda. December 23, 2014. Retrieved December 23, 2014.
- Laws of Ukraine. Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine decree No. 43-VIII: Про внесення змін до Закону України "Про Раду національної безпеки і оборони України" щодо вдосконалення координації і контролю у сфері національної безпеки і оборони (On the amendments to the Law of Ukraine "On the National Security and Defense Council of Ukraine" for improving the coordination and control of national security and defense). Adopted on December 25, 2014. (Ukrainian)
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- Laws of Ukraine. Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine decree No. 21-VIII: Проект Постанови про обрання Першого заступника Голови Верховної Ради України та заступника Голови Верховної Ради України (Draft Resolution on the election of the First Deputy Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine and Deputy Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine). Adopted on December 4, 2014. (Ukrainian)
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- Shuster, Simon. "Ukraine's Elections Mark a Historic Break With Russia and Its Soviet Past". TIME. Retrieved December 1, 2014.
- "Pilots, battalion commanders, and journalists. Who belongs to the new Verkhovna Rada" (in Russian). Korrespondent.net. September 15, 2014. Retrieved December 1, 2014.
- "Parliamentary coalition is created as an absolute constitutional majority" (in Russian). Segodnya. November 27, 2014. Retrieved December 1, 2014.
- "Women in Parliaments: World and Regional Averages". Inter-Parliamentary Union. October 1, 2014. Retrieved December 1, 2014.
- Poroshenko Bloc to have greatest number of seats in parliament, Ukrinform (8 November 2014)
People's Front 0.33% ahead of Poroshenko Bloc with all ballots counted in Ukraine elections - CEC, Interfax-Ukraine (8 November 2014)
Poroshenko Bloc to get 132 seats in parliament - CEC, Interfax-Ukraine (8 November 2014)
- (in Ukrainian)Data on vote counting at percincts within single-mandate districts Extraordinary parliamentary election on 17.06.2016, Central Election Commission of Ukraine
- (in Ukrainian) Block Poroshenko and kick off to the polls together, TVi (2 September 2014)
- After the parliamentary elections in Ukraine: a tough victory for the Party of Regions, Centre for Eastern Studies (7 November 2012)
- (in Ukrainian) Депутатські фракції і групи VIII скликання Deputy fractions and Groups VIII convocation, Verkhovna Rada
- (in Ukrainian)Yatsenyuk became a leader of the "People's Front" political council, while Turchynov is a head of its headquarters. Ukrayinska Pravda. 10 September 2014
Ukrainian PM, Parliament Speaker to Head Newly Formed Popular Front Party, RIA Novosti (10 September 2014)
- Ukraine's united opposition discussing formation of single party, Kyiv Post (7 December 2012)(subscription required)
Five factions, including Communist Party, registered in parliament, Kyiv Post (12 December 2012)(subscription required)
Sobolev: Front for Change and Reform and Order Party to join Batkivschyna, Interfax-Ukraine (11 June 2013)
Front for Change, Reforms and Order to dissolve for merger with Batkivshchyna - Sobolev, Ukrinform (11 June 2013)
(in Ukrainian) Sobolev heads "Batkivshchyna" in the Rada, Televiziyna Sluzhba Novyn (20 March 2014)
"Turchynov is summoned for interrogation to SBU today – BYUT". UNIAN. September 20, 2010. Archived from the original on February 27, 2014. Retrieved October 7, 2010.
"Batkivschyna to nominate Tymoshenko for presidency, Yatseniuk heads party's political council". Kyiv Post. Interfax-Ukraine. June 14, 2013. Archived from the original on June 15, 2013. Retrieved June 14, 2013.
"BYT-Batkivschyna replaces its leader". Kyiv Post. Interfax-Ukraine. December 7, 2011. Archived from the original on December 7, 2011. Retrieved December 14, 2011.
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- (in Ukrainian) In Parliament created a faction, Ukrayinska Pravda (27 November 2014)
- (in Ukrainian) Two more deputies entered the Poroshenko Bloc faction, Ukrayinska Pravda (2 December 2014)
- Ukraine: Lawmakers end session without new PM vote, BBC News (12 April 2016)
- (in Ukrainian) Savchenko was expelled from the faction "Fatherland", Ukrayinska Pravda (20 December 2016)
(in Ukrainian) Deputy faction Mishchenko out PPB, Ukrayinska Pravda (23 December 2016)
- "Five political forces sign coalition agreement". Interfax-Ukraine. November 21, 2014. Retrieved December 1, 2014.
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- Laws of Ukraine. Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine decree No. 23-VIII: Про обрання голів, перших заступників, заступників голів, секретарів, членів комітетів Верховної Ради України восьмого скликання та обрання голови Спеціальної контрольної комісії Верховної Ради України з питань приватизації (On election of leaders, first vice-chairmen, secretaries, members of committees of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine of the eighth convocation and election of the Chairman of the Special Control Commission of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine on the issue of Privatization). Adopted on December 4, 2014. (Ukrainian)
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- "List of bills adopted at the first session of the VIII convocation". Official portal. Ukrainian: Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. Retrieved December 1, 2014.
- "Calendar of registered bills". Official portal. Ukrainian: Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. Retrieved December 1, 2014.