8th Weapons Squadron
|8th Weapons Squadron|
EC-130H Compass Call
RC-135 Rivet Joint
|Branch||United States Air Force|
|Role||Advanced Command and Control Training|
|Part of||USAF Weapons School|
|Garrison/HQ||Nellis AFB, Nevada|
World War II (Asia-Pacific Theater)
1991 Gulf War (Defense of Saudi Arabia; Liberation of Kuwait)
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award (10x)
Philippine Presidential Unit Citation (World War II)
|8th Weapons Squadron emblem|
The squadron inherited the lineage of the 8th Airborne Command and Control Squadron. The 8th’s history includes flying cargo aircraft to supply people and munitions around the South Pacific during WWII. Known then as the 8th Combat Cargo Squadron, the unit’s C-46s and C-47s likely shared “ramp space” with the 433rd Fighter Squadron’s (now the F-15C Weapons Squadron) P-38s in New Guinea and the Philippines in 1944 and 1945. The 8th Airborne Command and Control Squadron flew the EC-135 to provide airborne command and control for deploying fighter squadrons over the Atlantic Ocean, and supporting the movement of key Air Combat Command leadership.
Provides advanced training for Airborne Warning and Control System and Ground Theater Air Control System officers. Also includes training to weapons officers for the E-3 Airborne Warning and Control System (AWACS), Command and Reporting Center (CRC), RC-135 Rivet Joint, EC-130H Compass Call and the E-8 Joint Surveillance Target Attack Radar System (JSTARS) communities.
World War II
Aerial transportation in Southwestern and Western Pacific, Nov 1944-Sep 1945 as a Combat Cargo Squadron, operating under Fifth Air Force. Operated from Biak to fly passengers and cargo to US bases in Australia, New Guinea, the Admiralties, and the Philippines. Also dropped supplies to US and guerrilla forces in the Philippines. Moved to Leyte in May 1945. Maintained flights to bases in Australia, New Guinea, and the Philippines; transported personnel and supplies to the Ryukyus, and evacuated casualties on return flights. Transported personnel and equipment of the occupation forces to Japan and ferried liberated prisoners of war to the Philippines. Moved to Japan in September 1945 where it operated until being inactivated in January 1946.
Reactivated under Caribbean Air Command in 1949. Operated cargo flights from Albrook AFB providing logistical and supply support to installations in Panama and Latin America, Oct 1949-Feb 1952.
Reactivated in 1972 as EC-121 Airborne command post for tactical deployments worldwide, Feb 1972-May 1996. Has been involved in every United States combat operation since the Vietnam War. Deployed personnel and equipment to Spain and airfield personnel and equipment into Saudi Arabia, Aug 1990-c. Mar 1991 as part of Operation Desert Shield/Desert Storm.
Its current squadron was formed in 1978, when the concept of Air Weapons Controller was added to the established concept of Fighter Weapons. The first Air Weapons Controllers graduated in December 1984 to become Fighter Weapons School instructors. Instruction at the 8th Weapons Squadron continues to this very day in the fields of United States Air Force tactical air control system (TACS), Air Battle Management (ABM), Electronic Warfare Support (ES), Electronic attack (EA) and their integration in operations. The course has graduated over 350 instructors who have been key to every conflict and contingency since 1985.
- Constituted 8th Air Corps Ferrying Squadron on 18 Feb 1942
- Activated on 24 Mar 1942
- Re-designated 8th Ferrying Squadron on 12 May 1943
- Disbanded on 31 Mar 1944
- Reconstituted and consolidated (19 Sep 1985) with: 8th Combat Cargo Squadron
- Constituted on 25 Apr 1944
- Activated on 1 May 1944
- Inactivated on 15 Jan 1946
- Disbanded on 8 Oct 1948
- Reconstituted and consolidated (19 Sep 1985) with: 8th Helicopter Flight
- Constituted on 7 Oct 1949
- Activated on 27 Oct 1949
- Inactivated on 19 Feb 1952
- Activated on 14 Mar 1952
- Inactivated on 16 Dec 1952
- Reconstituted and consolidated (19 Sep 1985) with: 8th Tactical Deployment Control Squadron
- Constituted 8th Airborne Command and Control Squadron on 14 Aug 1969
- Activated on 15 Oct 1969
- Inactivated on 8 Mar 1971
- Activated on 1 Feb 1972
- Re-designated: 8th Tactical Deployment Control Squadron on 30 Apr 1974
- Re-designated: 8th Air Deployment Control Squadron on 1 Nov 1990
- Re-designated: 8th Airborne Command and Control Squadron on 1 Jul 1994
- Inactivated on 15 May 1996
- Re-designated 8th Weapons Squadron on 24 Jan 2003
- Activated on 3 Feb 2003.
- Nashville Sector, Ferrying Command (later, Nashville Sector, Domestic Wing, Ferrying Command; 4th Ferrying Group), 24 Mar 1942-31 Mar 1944
- 2d Combat Cargo Group, 1 May 1944-15 Jan 1946
- Attached to 5298th Troop Carrier Wing [Provisional], Nov-Dec 1944
- 5700th Air Base Group, 27 Oct 1949-19 Feb 1952
- Eighteenth Air Force (attached to 16th Troop Carrier Squadron), 14 Mar-16 Dec 1952
- 4500th Air Base Wing, 15 Oct 1969-8 Mar 1971
- Tactical Air Command, 1 Feb 1972
- 552d Airborne Warning and Control Wing (later, 552d Airborne Warning and Control Division; 552d Airborne Warning and Control Wing), 1 Jan 1978
- 28th Air Division, 1 Mar 1986
- 552d Operations Group, 29 May 1992 – 15 May 1996
- USAF Weapons School, 3 Feb 2003–Present
- None (ferried aircraft), 1942–1944
- C-46 Commando, 1944–1945
- C-47 Skytrain, 1944, 1945
- H-5 Dragonfly (Helicopter), 1949–1952
- H-19 Chickasaw (Helicopter), 1952
- EC-121 Warning Star, 1969–1970
- EC/C-135, 1972-1996.
- Maurer, Maurer (1983). Air Force Combat Units Of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-89201-092-4.
- AFHRA 8th Weapons Squadron Factsheet