8th century

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Eastern Hemisphere at the beginning of the 8th Century.
Millennium: 1st millennium
Decades: 700s 710s 720s 730s 740s
750s 760s 770s 780s 790s
Categories: BirthsDeaths

The 8th century is the period from 701 to 800 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Common Era. In the Middle East, the coast of North Africa and the Iberian Peninsula quickly come under Islamic Arab domination. The westward expansion of the Arab Empire was famously halted at the Siege of Constantinople by the Byzantine Empire and the Battle of Tours by the Franks. The tide of Arab conquest came to an end in the middle of the 8th century.[1]

In Europe, late in the century, the Vikings, seafaring peoples from Scandinavia, begin raiding the coasts of Europe and the Mediterranean, and go on to found several important kingdoms.

In Asia, the Pala Empire is founded in Bengal. The Tang Dynasty reaches its pinnacle under Chinese Emperor Xuanzong. The Nara period begins in Japan.


Borobudur in Indonesia
A prisoner from Palenque in Tonina

Significant persons[edit]

Further information: Category:8th-century people

Inventions, discoveries, introductions[edit]

Decades and years[edit]


  1. ^ a b c Roberts, J., History of the World, Penguin, 1994.
  2. ^ Azra, Azyumardi (2006). Islam in the Indonesian world: an account of institutional formation. Mizan Pustaka. ISBN 979-433-430-8. 
  3. ^ Palmer, Alan; Veronica (1992). The Chronology of British History. London: Century Ltd. pp. 34–37. ISBN 0-7126-5616-2. 
  4. ^ a b Miksic (1997)
  5. ^ Miksic (2003)
  6. ^ Taylor (2003), p. 37.
  7. ^ Munoz, Paul Michel (2006). Early Kingdoms of the Indonesian Archipelago and the Malay Peninsula. Singapore: Editions Didier Millet. p. 171. ISBN 981-4155-67-5.