8th millennium BC

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Millennia:
Centuries:
  • 80th century BC
  • 79th century BC
  • 78th century BC
  • 77th century BC
  • 76th century BC
  • 75th century BC
  • 74th century BC
  • 73rd century BC
  • 72nd century BC
  • 71st century BC

In the 8th millennium BC, agriculture became widely practised in the Fertile Crescent and Anatolia.

Pottery became widespread (with independent development in Central America) and animal husbandry (pastoralism) spread to Africa and Eurasia. World population was approximately 5 million.

Events[edit]

The south area of Çatalhöyük. An archaeological dig is in progress.
Cave painting in Doushe cave, Lorestan, Iran, 8th millennium BC
The Stone Age

before Homo (Pliocene)

Paleolithic

Lower Paleolithic
Early Stone Age
Homo
Control of fire
Stone tools
Middle Paleolithic
Middle Stone Age
Homo neanderthalensis
Homo sapiens
Recent African origin of modern humans
Upper Paleolithic
Late Stone Age
Behavioral modernity, Atlatl,
Origin of the domestic dog

Mesolithic

Microliths, Bow, Canoe
Natufian
Khiamian
Tahunian
Heavy Neolithic
Shepherd Neolithic
Trihedral Neolithic
Pre-Pottery Neolithic

Neolithic

Neolithic Revolution,
Domestication
Pottery Neolithic
Pottery
Chalcolithic

Environmental changes[edit]

Holocene Epoch
Pleistocene
Holocene
Preboreal (10.3–9 ka)
Boreal (9–7.5 ka)
Atlantic (7.55 ka)
Subboreal (52.5 ka)
Subatlantic (2.5 ka–present)

Inventions, discoveries, introductions[edit]

Cultural landmarks[edit]

In works of fiction[edit]

  • Jebediah of Canaan, better known as the wizard Shazam of DC Comics, is born near the end of the millennium. Some references say 7061 BC.
  • In the Warhammer 40,000 universe, the birth of the Emperor of Mankind is placed in Central Anatolia at some point during this millennium.
  • The ancient incarnations of The Five magical children in Anthony Horowitz's Power Of 5 series save the whole planet from the evil "Old Ones" at around 8010 BC – 8005 BC, after a 50-year war over the face of the earth.
  • In the Japanese series Sailor Moon, the Silver Millennium culture on the Moon is brought to an end at this time.
  • In 2268 of Star Trek: The Original Series, the crew of the starship USS Enterprise rush to stop an asteroid from colliding with a Federation world, but discover the asteroid called Yonada is actually an inhabited multi-generation ship of millions of people. It is learned that the Fabrini people are the ones who constructed the asteroid ship 10,000 years ago, before their star exploded into a supernova and head to a new home planet light-years away.
  • In Stargate universe, the ancient human civilization of 8000 BC encounters a Pyramidal Spacecraft, supposedly of the Alien Ra, who has been searching the Galaxy for a Host that can sustain his dying form and prevent his demise. Upon encountering Humans, he decides to possess the body of a young Egyptian boy and rules the planet Earth as a god. His godly status is enhanced by his superior technology, which seems to humans like magic.
  • In Myst, the D'ni first travel to Earth in around 7656 BC.
  • In Mortal Kombat, the antagonist Shang Tsung mentions Princess Kitana as being 10,000 years old.
  • In The Secrets of the Immortal Nicholas Flamel series, the civilization of Danu Talis falls around this time.
  • In The Fairly Oddparents this is when Cosmo proposes to Wanda.

References[edit]

  1. ^ an average of figures from different sources as listed at the U.S. Census Bureau's Historical Estimates of World Population
  2. ^ Pulses, Sugar and Tuber Crops by Chittaranjan Kole, 2007, Introduction 5.1.1, page 91, quoting Cubero JI (1981) Origin, taxonomy and domestication. In: Webb C, Hawtin G (eds) Lentils. CAB, Slough, UK, pp. 15–38.
  3. ^ Roberts, J: History of the World. Penguin, 1994.
  4. ^ Lu, H.; Zhang, J.; Liu, K. -B.; Wu, N.; Li, Y.; Zhou, K.; Ye, M.; Zhang, T.; Zhang, H.; Yang, X.; Shen, L.; Xu, D.; Li, Q. (2009). "Earliest domestication of common millet (Panicum miliaceum) in East Asia extended to 10,000 years ago". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 106 (18): 7367–7372. doi:10.1073/pnas.0900158106. PMC 2678631free to read. PMID 19383791.