92 Code

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The 92 Code was first adopted by Western Union in 1859. The reason for this adoption was to reduce bandwidth usage over the telegraph lines and speed transmissions by utilizing a numerical code system for various frequently used phrases. [1]

1859 Western Union "92 Code"[edit]

Several of the codes are taken from The Telegraph Instructor by G.M. Dodge.[2] Dodge notes:

"Other numerical signals are used by different railroads for different purposes, for instance, the signal “47” upon some railroads means “display signals”; while the signal “48” means “signals are displayed”. The numerals “9” and “12” are frequently used for “correct”. Other numerals are used for the different officials’ messages, agents’ messages, etc."

Codes that are not listed in the 1901 edition of Dodge are marked with an asterisk (*).

1 * Wait a minute. 25 Busy on another wire.
2 Very Important. 26 * Put on ground wire.
3 * What time is it? 27 * Priority, very important.
4 Where shall I go ahead? 28 * Do you get my writing?.
5 Anything? (Have you business for me?) 29 * Private, deliver in sealed envelope.
6 * I am ready. 30 * No more - the end.
7 * Are you ready? 31 Form 31 train order.
8 Close your key, stop breaking. 32 * I understand that I am to ....
9 * Priority business. Wire Chief's call. 33 Answer is paid.
10 * Keep this circuit closed. 34 * Message for all officers.
12 * Do you understand? 35 * You may use my signal to answer this.
13 Understand? 37 * Inform all interested.
14 * What is the weather? 39 * Important, with priority on through wire.
15 * For you and others to copy. 44 * Answer promptly by wire.
17 * Lightning here. 55 Important.
18 What's the trouble? 73 Best Regards.
19 Form 19 train order. 77 * I have a message for you.
21 * Stop for meal. 88 * Love and kisses.
22 Wire test. 91 * Superintendent's signal.
23 * All stations copy. 92 Deliver Promptly.
24 * Repeat this back. 134 * Who is at the key?

1873 Telegraph Rules, Lake shore and Tuscarawas valley railway company[edit]

The following code was taken from 1873 Telegraph Rules, Lake shore and Tuscarawas valley railway company[3]

1 Wait a minute.
2 Train Orders.
3 Give me the correct time
4 Where shall I go ahead?
5 Have you anything for me?
6 I have a message for you.
7 I have a message for you.
8 What is the matter?
9 Very important business; must take precedence.
10 Keep circuit closed.
12 How do you understand this?
13 I (or we) understand—
15 Inform all interested.
19 Ready for business.
20 Repeat this back to me.
21 Lightning troubles.
22 Busy on other circuit.
23 Have you report of—
24 My instrument works badly.
25 Did you get my writing?
44 Answer quick.
134 Who is at the key?

As in Phillips Code[edit]

The Phillips Code is a shorthand method created in 1879 by Walter P. Phillips for the rapid transmission of press reports by telegraph.

Code Meaning
Wire Preference over everything except 95
1 Wait a moment
2 Important business
3 What time is it?
4 Where shall I go ahead?
5 Have you business for me?
6 I am ready
7 Are you ready?
8 Close your key; ckt is busy
9 Close your key for priority business (wire chief, dspr, etc.)
10 Keep this ckt closed.
12 Do you understand?
13 I understand
14 What is the weather?
15 For you and other to copy
17 Lightning here
18 What is the trouble?
19 Form 19 Train Order
21 Stop for meal
22 Wire test
23 All copy
24 Repeat this back
25 Busy on anr wire
26 Put on gnd wire
27 Priority, very important
28 Do you get my writing?
29 Private, deliver in sealed envelope.
30 No more -end
31 Form 31 train order
32 I understand that I am to...
33 Car report (Also, answer is paid for)
34 Msg for all officers
35 You may use my signal to answer this
37 Diversion (Also, inform all interested)
39 Important, with priority on thru wire. (Also, sleep-car report)
44 Answer promptly by wire
73 Best regards
88 Love and kisses
91 Supt's signal
92 Deliver promptly
93 Vice pres. & gen. mgr's signals
95 President's signal
134 Who is at the key?

[4]

Contemporary usage[edit]

Today, amateur radio operators still use codes 73 and 88 profusely and –30– is used in journalism. Radio-amateurs also occasionally use the code 99 for "Go to Hell"[citation needed], though this may be their own addition to the code-table. The Young Ladies Radio League uses the code 33, which means "love sealed with friendship and mutual respect between one YL [young lady] and another YL."[5] The other codes have mostly fallen into disuse.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "WESTERN UNION "92 CODE" & WOOD'S "TELEGRAPHIC NUMERALS"". Retrieved 2008-11-23. 
  2. ^ Dodge, G.M. (1901). The telegraph instructor. Valparaiso, Ind.: Not Given. p. 50. 
  3. ^ "Telegraph Rules: Adopted October 1, 1873 By Lake shore and Tuscarawas valley railway company". 
  4. ^ "The Phillips Code Transcribed by Joseph Hartmann K2AVJ". 
  5. ^ "Women in amateur radio - Amateur-radio-wiki". www.amateur-radio-wiki.net. Retrieved 2016-08-01. 

External links[edit]

official title "Revised Convention of the Austro-German Telegraph Union, Stuttgart, 3 October 1857, 118 CTS5"? ("Service Instructions" section)