92nd Street Y
|Location||1395 Lexington Ave, New York|
|Type||Performing-arts center, YM-YWHA|
|Opened||1874 (original location)|
92nd Street Y, New York (92NY) is a cultural and community center located on the Upper East Side of Manhattan in New York City, at the corner of East 92nd Street and Lexington Avenue. Founded in 1874 as the Young Men's Hebrew Association, the 92nd Street Y (often simply called "the Y") transformed from a secular social club to a large arts and cultural center in the 20th century.
In 1874, a group of German-Jewish professionals established the New York Young Men's Hebrew Association (YMHA). The founders were predominantly members of the Shaaray Tefilah synagogue, and New York's YMHA and other across the country grew out of existing Jewish congregations. The YMHA itself was a secular organization intended to serve as a social and literary fraternity.: 58–9  Officially incorporated on September 10, 1874, the YMHA would initially operate out of rented premises on 112 West 21st Street. A few years later, the organization would move to larger accommodations on 110 West 42nd Street; the Y also operated a downtown branch, where Emma Lazarus taught English to immigrants. This branch would later merge with other organizations to become the Educational Alliance.: 76 
As the organization grew, it began integrating more Judaism into its programming. In 1878, the YMHA held its first Hannakuh Festival, which became an annual tradition. The secularized celebration of Jewish holidays like Hannakuh and Purim, according to historian Jonathan Sarna, helped save the holiday from obscurity and was part of the creation of an American Jewish identity and culture. Celebrations of the High Holidays began in 1900. These were soon followed by regular Friday evening services that grew in average attendance from 172 in 1901 to more than 400 in 1903, though secular activities remained far more popular.: 70–2
In the 1886 the YMHA moved from 42nd Street to 721 Lexington Avenue near 58th Street, and in 1895 to 111 East 59th Street. The Y would find a permanent home through the munificence of businessman and philanthropist Jacob Schiff. Initially donating a rowhouse and 65th Street and Lexington Avenue to the Y, Schiff would finance the construction of a new building at 92nd Street and Lexington. Designed by Arnold W. Brunner, who produced many turn-of-the-century synagogues, the new building would open in 1900.: 70 
The original YMHA building would be replaced by a new building, completed in 1930.
The YMHA primarily catered to Jews until the mid-1930s. The Y's director, William Kolodney, argued that the arts were central to the Jewish religious tradition of learning for learning's sake. While the board was concerned that this shift would transform the Y into a secular institution and harm its finances, Kolodney argued for not catering to the lowest common denominator in pursuit of crowds, and to keep charges minimal so that activities were within reach of salaried workers. Kolodney opened the Y's concert hall and events to nonmembers; its excellent acoustics helped land the Y on the map as a performing arts venue. The Y opened an arts center, jewelry center, dance center, poetry center, and nursery school throughout the 1930s. 75% of revenue was spent on 25% of programs. In 1945, the YMHA merged with the Young Women's Hebrew Association and became the YM-YWHA.
In the 1960s, the Clara de Hirsch Home for Working Girls merged with the Y, and a new building on the southern part of the block was constructed to house it and new spaces for programming and the arts. In 1972 the YM-YWHA rebranded itself as the 92nd Street Y.
In 1988, the Board elevated Sol Adler to executive director. Adler had worked for the Y for 11 years, hired by the previous executive director. In the 1990s, the decline of classical music programming and rising real estate costs threatened the Y's finances. The Y responded by cutting Jewish life and cultural offerings and expanding its class offerings. By 2003, the Y's budget had grown to $43 million and served 300,000 annually; less than a decade later, it had revenues of $80 million.
After the September 11th terrorist attacks, the Y spent $1 million investigating the feasibility of a satellite building to help revitalize the rebuilding downtown. The result was 92YTribeca, a performance space in the Tribeca neighborhood that opened in 2008. The venue at 200 Hudson Street contained a movie theater, lecture hall, cafe, and art gallery. The 92YTribeca location would be closed in 2013.
In February 2013, the Y fired Sal Taddeo, who served as director of facilities, after allegations were raised of a kickbacks scheme. Taddeo was the mother-in-law of Catherine Marto, Adler's personal assistant; Marto was fired for being uncooperative in the investigation of Taddeo's conduct, and Adler was in turn fired after his affair with Marto was uncovered. He was replaced by Henry Timms, formerly the Y's deputy executive director for innovation, strategy and content. Timms was the first non-Jewish director of the Y in its history, drawing some criticism; the Y announced the creation of a new director of Jewish community role, coinciding with Timms' elevation. Timms spearheaded the development of Giving Tuesday while at the Y.
Henry Timms left the Y in 2019 to join the Lincoln Center; he was succeeded in January 2020 by Seth Pinsky, former head of economic development under Mayor Michael Bloomberg. The choice of Pinsky was influenced by the need to revamp the organization's outdated facilities. Shortly thereafter the institution was heavily impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic; nearly 70% of its revenues came from in-person events and instruction. The Y began streaming events and classes to reach a broader, global audience. Despite success online, budget cuts required employee furloughs and cut salaries.
As a result of shifting programming, the Y changed its name to the 92nd Street Y, New York (92NY for short) in 2022, reorganizing its programs under five umbrellas and launching Roundtable, an online learning platform. The rebrand preceded a $200 million campaign to renovate its facilities.
In addition to presenting performing arts programs (classical, jazz and popular music as well as dance performances), it offers a series of talks and conversations; literary readings; film screenings; adult education; schools for music, art and dance for children and adults; professional development programs (early childhood, dance, business and fashion); family, parenting and children's activities and classes; a nursery school; a senior center; a fitness center (including fitness classes and swim team); camps; a residence that rents rooms in the Y's main building at 92nd Street and Lexington Avenue; Jewish education, cultural and community programs; and educational outreach programs for public school children among its programs. The organization serves about 300,000 people annually in its New York facilities.
In recent years, 92Y has expanded its digital programming to include live webcasts of events and a free digital archive at 92YOnDemand.org that includes both stage events and web-only content. In 2012, 92Y founded #GivingTuesday, which established the Tuesday after Thanksgiving as a day to celebrate and encourage giving. The initiative was inspired by the core Jewish value of Tikkun olam (repairing the world) and reflects the institution’s mission of reimagining community and giving back. 92Y is also one of the founding partners of the annual Social Good Summit, a conference that attracts NGO, tech and business leaders and entrepreneurs, which takes place in September (during UN Week).
92nd Street Y comprises eight programming centers: Bronfman Center for Jewish Life; Lillian & Sol Goldman Family Center for Youth & Family; May Center for Health, Fitness & Sport; Milstein/Rosenthal Center for Media & Technology; School of the Arts; Charles Simon Center for Adult Life & Learning; Tisch Center for the Arts, Center for Educational Outreach and Center for Innovation and Social Impact.
In 1935, William Kolodney joined the 92nd Street Y as Educational Director, instituting a wide-ranging educational program for general audiences of all faiths. He made the "Y" a center for chamber music, poetry readings, and dance performances. He initiated the Y's dance center, School of Music and poetry center. The last is now called the Unterberg Poetry Center and has been led by prominent writers including American poet Karl Kirchwey who was director for thirteen years until 2000.
Belfer Center for Innovation & Social Impact
The Belfer Center for Innovation & Social Impact brings the mission of 92nd Street Y to the world. Collaborators include the UN Foundation, Mashable, Hoover Institution at Stanford University, Harvard Kennedy School, Public Radio International, United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, and the John Templeton Foundation.
Notable individuals who have resided at 92nd Street Y include Joseph Gurwin (1920–2009), a philanthropist who rented a room at 92nd Street Y for four years after arriving in the U.S. Pianist Harry Connick Jr. lived there at age 18 when he first moved to New York in 1985.
- Kaufman, David (1999). Shul with a Pool: The 'synagogue-center' in American Jewish History. University Press of New England. pp. 58–9. ISBN 978-0-87451-893-1.
- Crow, Kelly (October 6, 2002). "Urban Tactics; A New 92nd Street Y?". The New York Times. Section 14, p. 4.
- "About us: The Story of 92Y". 92ny.org. Retrieved May 10, 2022.
- Rothstein, Edward (November 29, 1992). "Classical View; Lessons for the Future May Lurk in the Past"". The New York Times. Section 2, p. 21.
- Finn, Robin (September 16, 2003). "Public Lives; A Man Who Came to a Y, and Took It". The New York Times. Retrieved May 11, 2022.
- "It's a goy! 92nd St. Y picks first non-Jewish chief". April 29, 2014.
- Lee, Felicia R. "92nd Street Y to Leave Its Downtown Space". The New York Times. Retrieved April 4, 2017.
- Heilman, Uriel (May 7, 2014). "92Y Raises Eyebrows With Appointment of Non-Jewish Henry Timms as New Chief". The Forward. Retrieved May 11, 2022.
- Pogrebin, Robin (April 29, 2014). "92nd Street Y Names Two Leaders". The New York Times. Retrieved May 10, 2022.
- Jacobs, Julia (September 27, 2019). "92nd Street Y Names New Chief Executive". The New York Times. Retrieved May 11, 2022.
- Blair, Elizabeth (September 22, 2020). "92nd Street Y Pivots From In-Person Events To Virtual Programs". National Public Radio. Retrieved May 11, 2022.
- Barron, James (May 10, 2022). "A Covid Vaccine Mandate for New York Schools? Not This Year". The New York Times. Retrieved May 11, 2022.
- "92Y Concerts". 92nd Street Y. Retrieved September 2, 2015.
- "92Y Dance Performances". 92nd Street Y. Retrieved September 2, 2015.
- "92Y Talks". 92nd Street Y. Retrieved September 2, 2015.
- "92Y Literary Events". 92nd Street Y. Retrieved September 2, 2015.
- "92Y Film / Reel Pieces". 92nd Street Y. Archived from the original on September 12, 2015. Retrieved September 2, 2015.
- "92Y In Session – Adult Ed". 92nd Street Y. Retrieved September 2, 2015.
- "92Y School of the Arts". 92nd Street Y. Retrieved September 2, 2015.
- "92Y Wonderplay Conference". 92nd Street Y. Archived from the original on 8 September 2015. Retrieved 2 September 2015.
- "92Y Dance Education Laboratory (DEL)". 92nd Street Y. Retrieved September 2, 2015.
- "92Y Dance Therapy Training". 92nd Street Y. Retrieved September 2, 2015.
- "NYC Venture Fellows, an initiative of NYCEDC and 92Y". NYC Venture Fellows. Archived from the original on August 21, 2015. Retrieved September 2, 2015.
- "About NYC Fashion Fellows, an initiative of NYCEDC and 92Y". NYC Fashion Fellows. Retrieved September 2, 2015.
- "92Y Kid Central – Programs for Kids and Parents". 92nd Street Y. Retrieved September 2, 2015.
- "92Y Himan Brown Senior Program". 92nd Street Y. Retrieved September 2, 2015.
- "92Y May Center for Health, Fitness & Sport". 92nd Street Y. Retrieved September 2, 2015.
- "92Y Camps". 92nd Street Y. Retrieved September 2, 2015.
- "92Y Residence". 92nd Street Y. Retrieved September 2, 2015.
- "92Y Jewish Life". 92nd Street Y. Retrieved September 2, 2015.
- "92Y Educational Outreach". 92nd Street Y. Retrieved September 2, 2015.
- "92Y – About Us / FAQ". 92nd Street Y. Archived from the original on 12 September 2015. Retrieved 2 September 2015.
- "Home – 92Y On Demand". 92YonDemand. 92nd Street Y. Retrieved September 4, 2015.
- "92nd Street Y Presents an Online Archive of Recordings". The New York Times. November 21, 2013. Retrieved September 4, 2015.
- "About #GivingTuesday". #GivingTuesday. Retrieved September 4, 2015.
- "About #GivingTuesday". 92nd Street Y. Archived from the original on September 6, 2015. Retrieved September 4, 2015.
- "Social Good Summit". 92nd Street Y. Retrieved September 4, 2015.
- "92Y Centers". 92Y Website. Retrieved August 31, 2015.
- Tolchin, Martin. "Attuning the Young to Music", The New York Times, June 26, 1960, accessed July 25, 2017
- Kisselgoff, Anna. "Tribute to the 'Y'", The New York Times, April 23, 1974, accessed July 25, 2017
- Alix Friedman (June 13, 2000). "Poetry Center Director Karl Kirchwey Leaves 92nd Street Y". 92nd Street Y. Archived from the original on April 13, 2022. Retrieved October 15, 2010.
92nd Street Y announces the departure of Karl Kirchwey, longtime director of the 92nd Street Y Unterberg Poetry Center. Mr. Kirchwey will become Director of Creative Writing and Senior Lecturer in the Arts at Bryn Mawr College starting next fall. The Poetry Center is a program of the 92nd Street Y Tisch Center for the Arts, the Y's arts presenting division.
- "Belfer Center". 92nd Street Y.
- "92Y Announces $15 Million Naming Gift for Belfer Center for Innovation & Social Impact". 92nd Street Y. May 26, 2016. Retrieved May 26, 2016.
- on YouTube, interviewed by Brian Stelter
- on YouTube, in conversation with Janet Maslin
- on YouTube, interviewed by Lauren Duca
- KimP (December 29, 2013). "Richard Dawkins and Brian Greene in Conversation at 92Y". Richard Dawkins Foundation.
- on YouTube, with Fern Mallis
- on YouTube, interviewed by Jacob Weisberg
- "- Woah. Ira Glass was here last night for a panel..." tumblr.com.
- on YouTube, in conversation with Billy Joel
- Video on YouTube
- on YouTube, moderating a conversation with Don Henley
- Rackow, Marcia (Winter 2010). "Chaim Koppelman: Pioneering Printmaker and Teacher". Journal of the Print World. 33 (1): 4. ISSN 0737-7436.
- on YouTube, moderated by Slate's culture editor John Swanburg
- "News on News: Rachel Maddow Show Heading to 92nd Street Y". Archived from the original on December 19, 2010. Retrieved December 21, 2010.
- on YouTube, with Charlie Rose, April 24, 2001, recorded at 92nd Street Y
- on YouTube, speaking with Anthony DeCurtis
- on YouTube, interviewed by Jeff Koons
- on YouTube interviewed by Rolling Stone's contributor, David Fear
- "Trailblazing female comic icon Joan Rivers honored for her many appearances at the 92 Street Y'"., recognized by 92nd Street Y
- on YouTube, interviewed by Terry Gross
- "92Y On Demand: A Night With Kroll Show's 'Oh Hello'". 92yondemand.org. Retrieved March 2, 2016.
- on YouTube[sic], interviewed by Robert Krulwich
- on YouTube, interviewed by Robert Osborne
- on YouTube, interviewed by Gayle King
- Martin, Douglas. "Joseph Gurwin, Textile Manufacturer and Philanthropist, Dies at 89", The New York Times, September 26, 2009. Accessed September 29, 2009.
- Randall, Judy L. "When Harry met Staten Island's Father Richard", Staten Island Advance, April 21, 2008. Accessed February 23, 2020.