|938 by topic|
|Ab urbe condita||1691|
|Balinese saka calendar||859–860|
|Chinese calendar||丁酉年 (Fire Rooster)
3634 or 3574
— to —
戊戌年 (Earth Dog)
3635 or 3575
|- Vikram Samvat||994–995|
|- Shaka Samvat||859–860|
|- Kali Yuga||4038–4039|
|Japanese calendar||Jōhei 8 / Tengyō 1
|Minguo calendar||974 before ROC
|Seleucid era||1249/1250 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||1480–1481|
1064 or 683 or −89
— to —
1065 or 684 or −88
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 938.|
- Summer – The Hungarian army invades Northern Italy with permission of King Hugh of Arles. They cross the Apennines, and sack the Lombard lands in Tuscany, Lazio and Campania. Finally, the Hungarians are defeated at Wolfenbüttel by an Saxon army.
- July – King Otto I besieges the fortress of Eresburg. He defeats his half-brother Thankmar and kills him as he tries to find sanctuary. Eberhard III, duke of Franconia, is banished and replaced by his uncle Berthold.
- Fall – Otto I defeats in two campaigns a series of uprisings in Saxony, Franconia and Lotharingia. He signs a "friendship pact" with King Louis IV ("d'Outremer") of the West Frankish Kingdom.
- Battle of Bach Dang: Vietnamese forces defeat an invading force of the Southern Han state at the Bach Dang River. This put an end to Chinese imperial domination in Vietnam after nearly 1,000 years.
- The Sixteen Prefectures, which includes the area around modern-day Beijing, are absorbed in the Khitan Empire.
- September 14 – Sahib ibn Abbad, Buyid grand vizier (d. 995)
- Almanzor, Umayyad vizier and de facto ruler (approximate date)
- Beatrice of France, duchess regent of Upper Lorraine (approximate date)
- García Fernández, count of Castile and Álava (approximate date)
- Olaf the Peacock, Icelandic merchant and chieftain (approximate date)
- Romanos II, Byzantine emperor (d. 963)
- Sancho II, king of Navarre (approximate date)
- February 3 – Zhou Ben, general of Wu (b. 962)
- July 28 – Thankmar, half-brother of Otto I (during the Siege of Eresburg)
- Lady Ise, Japanese noblewoman and poet (approximate date)
- Lady Peng, noblewoman of Chu (Ten Kingdoms)
- Muhammad ibn Ja'far al-Khara'iti, Abbasid theologian
- Shen Song, chancellor of Wuyue (b. 863)