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This article is about the year 945. For the number, see 945 (number).
|Centuries:||9th century – 10th century – 11th century|
|Decades:||910s 920s 930s – 940s – 950s 960s 970s|
|Years:||942 943 944 – 945 – 946 947 948|
|945 by topic|
|State leaders – Sovereign states|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishment and disestablishment categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Ab urbe condita||1698|
|Chinese calendar||甲辰年 (Wood Dragon)
3641 or 3581
— to —
乙巳年 (Wood Snake)
3642 or 3582
|- Vikram Samvat||1001–1002|
|- Shaka Samvat||867–868|
|- Kali Yuga||4046–4047|
|Japanese calendar||Tengyō 8
|Minguo calendar||967 before ROC
|Seleucid era||1256/1257 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||1487–1488|
- The Buyid dynasty takes control of Baghdad (but does not supplant the local caliphate).
- The Min Kingdom is taken over by the Southern Tang Kingdom in China.
- The Hamdanid Sayf al-Dawla is defeated by Muhammad ibn Tughj al-Ikhshid near Qinnasrin (May) and forced to abandon his Syrian domains and flee to Al-Raqqah. Nevertheless, in October the two men come to an agreement, which recognizes Hamdanid rule over northern Syria, founding the Emirate of Aleppo.
- Edmund I of England conquers Strathclyde, forms an alliance with Malcolm I of Scotland and cedes Cumberland and Westmorland to him.
- Hywel Dda convenes a conference at Whitland, which reforms the laws of Wales.
- Lothair II of Italy takes control of Italy (until 950).
- The sons of Romanos I Lekapenos are overthrown barely a month after deposing their father, and Byzantine Emperor Constantine VII reigns alone.
- Abd-ar-Rahman III first occupies the palace of Medina Azahara as the new capital of the Emirate of Córdoba.
- August – Tuzun, Abbasid general and de facto ruler of the Caliphate since 943 (killed)
- Abu Muhammad al-Hasan al-Hamdani, Arab poet, grammarian, geographer, historian and astronomer (b. 893)
- Igor of Kiev, Varangian ruler of Kievan Rus'
- Ki no Tsurayuki, Japanese Heian Period author, poet and courtier (b. 872)
- King Krešimir I of Croatia