94th Flying Training Squadron
|94th Flying Training Squadron|
|Active||1943-1946; 1949-1951; 1983-present|
|Branch||United States Air Force|
|Part of||Air Education and Training Command|
|Garrison/HQ||United States Air Force Academy|
Operation Overlord |
Operation Market Garden
Distinguished Unit Citation|
French Croix de Guerre with Palm
|94th Flying Training Squadron emblem (approved 23 August 1984)|
The 94th Flying Training Squadron is part of the 306th Flying Training Group based at United States Air Force Academy, Colorado. It conducts glider training for Air Force Academy cadets. The 94 FTS conducts thousands of sorties every year at the world's busiest VFR airfield. It is the parent squadron of the Air Force Academy's advanced soaring teams: the Aerobatic Demonstration Team and the elite Sailplane Racing Team. The squadron is augmented by the reserve 70th Flying Training Squadron.
World War II
Activated in June 1943 under I Troop Carrier Command and equipped with Douglas C-47 Skytrains. Trained in various parts of the eastern United States until the end of 1943. Deployed to England and assigned to IX Troop Carrier Command.
Prepared for the invasion of Nazi-occupied Europe. Began operations by dropping paratroops of the 101st Airborne Division in Normandy on D-Day (6 June 1944) and releasing gliders with reinforcements on the following day. The unit received a Distinguished Unit Citation and a French citation for these missions. After the Normandy invasion the squadron ferried supplies in the United Kingdom.
After moving to France in September, the unit dropped paratroops of the 82nd Airborne Division near Nijmegen and towed gliders carrying reinforcements during the airborne attack on the Netherlands. In December, it participated in the Battle of the Bulge by releasing gliders with supplies for the 101st Airborne Division near Bastogne.
When the Allies made the air assault across the Rhine River in March 1945, each aircraft towed two gliders with troops of the 17th Airborne Division and released them near Wesel. The squadron also hauled food, clothing, medicine, gasoline, ordnance equipment, and other supplies to the front lines and evacuated patients to rear zone hospitals. It converted from C-47s to Curtiss C-46 Commandos and the new aircraft to transport displaced persons from Germany to France and Belgium after V-E Day.
Returned to the U.S. during the period July–September 1945, and trained with C-46 aircraft until inactivated.
The squadron was activated in the reserves in 1949. It was mobilized in 1951, but immediately inactivated and its personnel used as fillers for other units.
Campaigns and Decorations
- Campaigns: Rome-Arno, Normandy; Northern France; Southern France; Rhineland; Ardennes-Alsace; Central Europe.
- Decorations: Distinguished Unit Citation. France, [6-7] Jun 1944. French Croix de Guerre with Palm. [6-7] Jun 1944; 15 Aug 1944. French Fourragere.
- Constituted as the 94th Troop Carrier Squadron on 14 May 1943
- Activated on 1 June 1943
- Inactivated on 31 July 1946
- Redesignated 94th Troop Carrier Squadron, Medium on 19 May 1949
- Activated in the reserve on 27 June 1949
- Ordered to active service on 1 April 1951
- Inactivated on 3 April 1951
- Redesignated 94th Airmanship Training Squadron on 30 September 1983
- Activated on 1 October 1983
- Redesignated 94th Flying Training Squadron on 31 October 1994
- 439th Troop Carrier Group, 1 June 1943
- Third Air Force, 10 June–31 July 1946
- 439th Troop Carrier Group, 27 June 1949 – 3 April 1951
- United States Air Force Academy, 1 October 1983
- 34th Operations Group, 31 October 1994
- 306th Flying Training Group, 4 Oct 2004 – present
- Douglas C-47 Skytrain (1943–1945)
- Curtiss C-46 Commando (1945–1946)
- North American T-6 Texan (1949–1950)
- Beechcraft T-7 Navigator (1949–1951)
- Beechcraft T-11 Kansan (1949–1951)
- Curtiss TC-46 Commando (1949–1951)
- de Havilland Canada UV-18 Twin Otter (1983 - 1994)
- LET TG-10B Blanik (2002–2012)
- LET TG-10C Blanik (2002-2011)
- Schempp-Hirth TG-15A Duo Discus (2008–present)
- Schempp-Hirth TG-15B Discus 2 (2008–present)
- DG Flugzeugbau TG-16A (2011–present)
- Aircraft is Douglas C-47A-80-DL Skytrain serial 43-15159 in Normady Invasion Markings.
- Haulman, Daniel (March 27, 2017). "Factsheet 94 Flying Training Squadron (AETC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved August 29, 2017.
- Rea, Maj Chris (September 6, 2007). "70th FTS flexes wartime muscle". 302d Airlift Wing public affairs. Archived from the original on March 5, 2012. Retrieved August 29, 2017.
- Station number in Anderson.
- Station number in Johnson.
- Station information in Haulman, except as noted.
- Anderson, Capt. Barry (1985). Army Air Forces Stations: A Guide to the Stations Where U.S. Army Air Forces Personnel Served in the United Kingdom During World War II (PDF). Maxwell AFB, AL yes: Research Division, USAF Historical Research Center. Archived from the original (PDF) on January 23, 2016. Retrieved June 28, 2017.
- Johnson, 1st Lt. David C. (1988). U.S. Army Air Forces Continental Airfields (ETO) D-Day to V-E Day (PDF). Maxwell AFB, AL: Research Division, USAF Historical Research Center. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 29, 2015. Retrieved June 26, 2017.
- Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1983) . Air Force Combat Units of World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-02-1. LCCN 61060979. Retrieved December 17, 2016.
- Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1982) . Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-405-12194-6. LCCN 70605402. OCLC 72556.