94th United States Congress

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94th United States Congress
93rd ←
→ 95th
January 3, 1975 – January 3, 1977
Senate President Nelson Rockefeller (R)
Senate Pres. pro tem James Eastland (D)
House Speaker Carl Albert (D)
Members 100 Senators
435 Representatives
5 Non-voting members
Senate Majority Democratic
House Majority Democratic
1st: January 14, 1975 – December 19, 1975
2nd: January 19, 1976 – October 1, 1976

The Ninety-fourth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from January 3, 1975, to January 3, 1977, during the administration of U.S. President Gerald Ford.

This is the earliest congress to have a current senator part of it (that senator being Patrick Leahy of Vermont).

The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the Nineteenth Census of the United States in 1970. Both chambers had a Democratic majority.


Major events[edit]

President Gerald Ford with Vice President Nelson Rockefeller and House Speaker Carl Albert during the 1975 State of the Union Address, January 15, 1975

Special or select committees[edit]

Major legislation[edit]

Party summary[edit]


Party standings on the opening day of the 94th Congress
  60 Democratic Senators
  1 Independent Senator, caucusing with Democrats
  1 Conservative Senator, caucusing with Republicans
  37 Republican Senators
  Vacant: 1 seat

Membership changed with two resignations and a disputed election.

(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Democratic Independent Conservative Republican Vacant
End of previous Congress 57 1 1 40 100 0
Begin 60 1 1 37 99 1
End 61 100 0
Final voting share 62% 38%
Beginning of the next Congress 61 1 0 38 100 0

House of Representatives[edit]

Total: 435


Makeup of the U.S. Senate at the start of the 94th Congress, color-coded by party. Note: The orange stripes in New York and the gray stripes in Virginia denote Conservative Sen. James L. Buckley and Independent Sen. Harry F. Byrd, Jr., respectively.


Majority (Democratic) leadership[edit]

Minority (Republican) leadership[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

Majority (Democratic) leadership[edit]

Minority (Republican) leadership[edit]




Senators are popularly elected statewide every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress, In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term ended with this Congress, facing re-election in 1976; Class 2 meant their term began in the last Congress, facing re-election in 1978; and Class 3 meant their term began in this Congress, facing re-election in 1980.

House seats by party holding plurality in state
  80+% to 100% Republican
  80+% to 100% Democratic
  60+% to 80% Republican
  60+% to 80% Democratic
  Up to 60% Republican
  Up to 60% Democratic

House of Representatives[edit]

Many of the congressional districts are linked to articles describing the district itself. Since the boundaries of the districts have changed often and substantially, the linked article may only describe the district as it exists today, and not as it was at the time of this Congress.

Changes in Membership[edit]

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.


  • Replacements: 8
  • Deaths: 1
  • Resignations: 6
  • Vacancy: 0

Total seats with changes: 8

Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation
New Hampshire
Vacant Disputed election. Norris Cotton appointed to seat until special election resolved dispute. Norris Cotton
August 8, 1975
New Hampshire
Norris Cotton
Successor elected September 18, 1975 John A. Durkin
September 18, 1975
Philip Hart
Died December 26, 1976 Donald W. Riegle, Jr.
December 27, 1976
Stuart Symington
Resigned December 27, 1976 John Danforth
December 27, 1976
Roman Hruska
Resigned December 27, 1976 Edward Zorinsky
December 28, 1976
Robert Taft, Jr.
Resigned December 28, 1976 Howard Metzenbaum
December 29, 1976
Rhode Island
John O. Pastore
Resigned December 28, 1976 John Chafee
December 29, 1976
Walter Mondale
Resigned December 30, 1976, after being elected Vice-President of the United States. Wendell Anderson
December 30, 1976
John V. Tunney
Resigned January 1, 1977 S. I. Hayakawa
January 2, 1977

House of Representatives[edit]

  • replacements: 3
  • deaths: 2
  • resignations: 2
  • contested election:
  • Total seats with changes: 4

District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date successor
Oklahoma 5th John Jarman (D) Changed parties John Jarman (R) January 23, 1975
Illinois 5th John C. Kluczynski (D) Died January 26, 1975 John G. Fary (D) July 8, 1975
California 37th Jerry Pettis (R) Died February 14, 1975 Shirley N. Pettis (R) April 29, 1975
Tennessee 5th Richard Fulton (D) Resigned August 14, 1975, after being elected Mayor of Nashville Clifford Allen (D) November 25, 1975
New York 39th James F. Hastings (R) Resigned January 20, 1976 Stan Lundine (D) March 2, 1976
Texas 22nd Robert R. Casey (D) Resigned January 22, 1976, after being appointed a commissioner on the Federal Maritime Commission Ron Paul (R) April 3, 1976
Texas 1st Wright Patman (D) Died March 7, 1976 Sam B. Hall (D) June 19, 1976
Pennsylvania 1st William A. Barrett (D) Died April 12, 1976 Ozzie Myers (D) November 2, 1976
Massachusetts 7th Torbert Macdonald (D) Died May 21, 1976 Ed Markey (D) November 2, 1976
Missouri 6th Jerry Litton (D) Died August 3, 1976 Tom Coleman (R) November 2, 1976
Ohio 18th Wayne Hays (D) Resigned September 1, 1976, due to the Elizabeth Ray sex scandal Vacant Not filled this term
Michigan 7th Donald W. Riegle, Jr. (D) Resigned December 30, 1976, after being appointed to the U.S. Senate Vacant Not filled this term


Lists of committees and their party leaders, for members (House and Senate) of the committees and their assignments, go into the Official Congressional Directory at the bottom of the article and click on the link (2 links), in the directory after the pages of terms of service, you will see the committees of the Senate, House (Standing with Subcommittees, Select and Special) and Joint and after the committee pages, you will see the House/Senate committee assignments in the directory, on the committees section of the House and Senate in the Official Congressional Directory, the committee's members on the first row on the left side shows the chairman of the committee and on the right side shows the ranking member of the committee.


House of Representatives[edit]

Joint committees[edit]

Employees and legislative agency directors[edit]

Legislative branch agency directors[edit]


House of Representatives[edit]

See also[edit]


  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 

External links[edit]