From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|Centuries:||9th century – 10th century – 11th century|
|Decades:||920s 930s 940s – 950s – 960s 970s 980s|
|Years:||950 951 952 953 954 955 956 957 958 959|
|Births – Deaths – By country
Establishments – Disestablishments
This is a list of events occurring in the 950s, ordered by year.
- World population is estimated to be 250 million.
- Duke Boleslav I of Bohemia makes peace with Otto I.
- Lothair II, king of Italy dies and his widow, Adelaide of Italy, is overthrown by an usurper, Berengar of Ivrea.
- Page with Joshua Leading the Israelites, from the Joshua Roll, is made in Constantinople. It is now kept at Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, Rome (approximate date).
- The Tu'i Tonga Empire begins to form in the Pacific Ocean.
- The Later Han in China falls.
- Sayf al-Daula leads 30,000 men in a raid into Byzantine Anatolia. He defeats Bardas Phokas, but is then ambushed on his return and heavily defeated by Leo Phokas.
- Allat the Maharana of Mewar comes to power.
- The Later Zhou is founded by Guo Wei in China.
- The Chu State is absorbed by the Southern Tang Kingdom in China.
- The Northern Han Kingdom is founded by Liu Min in northern China.
- Emperor Shizong of the Liao Dynasty successfully repels a Chinese advance.
- Battle of Marash – Sayf al-Dawla scores a major victory over the Byzantines under Bardas Phokas the Elder.
- Liudolf, Duke of Swabia and Conrad the Red rebel against German King Otto I.
- Póvoa de Varzim, Portugal appears, for the first time, as a Portuguese town under the name Villa Euracini.
- King Máel Coluim I of Scotland is killed in battle against the Highlanders. He is succeeded by Indulf I of Scotland.
- Chateau Chinon is built by Theobald I of Blois.
- A Hungarian army led by Bulcsú fights in Germany against Otto I, than goes to France where it besieges many monasteries and the city of Cambrai. They return home in northern Italy.
- On the death of Eric Bloodaxe, Edred becomes the first king of all England.
- Principality of Seborga claims its independence
- August 10 – Battle of Lechfeld: Otto I the Great defeats the Magyars. The commanders of the Hungarian army, Bulcsú and Lehel are captured and executed by the Germans. These losses force the Hungarians to halt their campaigns into Western Europe (Germany, Italy, France). Howewer their campaigns in the Balkans continue until 970.
- November 23 – Eadwig becomes King of England.
- December 16 – Pope John XII succeeds Pope Agapetus II as the 130th pope. He may be as young as 18 on taking office.
- An earthquake badly damages the Lighthouse of Alexandria.
- September/October – A Byzantine fleet under Basil Hexamilites deals a crushing defeat on the fleet of Tarsus.
- The Chandra Hindu Dynasty ends, thus beginning a time of chaos in areas belonging to modern-day India.
- Japan: The Tenryaku Era ends, and the Tentoku Era begins.
- The Fatimid general Gawhar al-Siqilli takes the capital of the rebellious Kharijite Banu Ya'la tribesmen, Ifgan. Gawhar in the following two years conquers most of the North of modern Morocco and Algeria. In particular, he conquers the cities of Tanger, Sijilmasa and Tlemcen.
- King Kshemgupta of Kashmir dies, and is succeeded by his young son Abhimanyu. Didda, widow of the former and mother of the latter, becomes de facto ruler.
- The Later Zhou strikes at Liao Dynasty positions in the Sixteen Prefectures, but is defeated.
- October/November - Battle of Raban: Byzantines under John Tzimiskes defeat Sayf al-Dawla
- Probable date of the foundation of the Marche dynasty.
- October 1 – King Eadwig of England dies, and is succeeded by his brother Edgar the Peaceful, who effectively completes the unification of England when Northumbria submits to his rule.
- Dunstan, Bishop of Worcester and London, is appointed by Edgar as Archbishop of Canterbury.
- Bruno I, Archbishop of Cologne divides the Duchy of Lorraine with his nephew Frederic.
- Treadgold, Warren T. (1997), A History of the Byzantine State and Society, Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, p. 489, ISBN 0-8047-2630-2
- Gilbert Meynier (2010) L'Algérie cœur du Maghreb classique. De l'ouverture islamo-arabe au repli (658-1518). Paris: La Découverte; pp.28.
- Gilbert Meynier (2010) L'Algérie cœur du Maghreb classique. De l'ouverture islamo-arabe au repli (658-1518). Paris: La Découverte; pp.42.