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|954 by topic|
|Ab urbe condita||1707|
|Balinese saka calendar||875–876|
|Chinese calendar||癸丑年 (Water Ox)
3650 or 3590
— to —
甲寅年 (Wood Tiger)
3651 or 3591
|- Vikram Samvat||1010–1011|
|- Shaka Samvat||875–876|
|- Kali Yuga||4054–4055|
|Japanese calendar||Tenryaku 8
|Minguo calendar||958 before ROC
|Seleucid era||1265/1266 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||1496–1497|
1080 or 699 or −73
— to —
1081 or 700 or −72
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 954.|
- King Malcolm I of Scotland is killed in battle against the Northmen. He is succeeded by Indulf.
- Chateau Chinon is built by Theobald I of Blois.
- A Hungarian army, led by Bulcsú, fights in Germany against Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor, then goes to France, where it besieges many monasteries and the city of Cambrai before returning home to northern Italy.
- Eric Bloodaxe is killed at Stainmore allowing King Eadred to recover York, reuniting the kingdom of Northumbria with that of England.
- Seborga comes under the jurisdiction of the Benedictine Monks of Santo Onorato of Lerins.
- February 22 – Guo Wei (Taizu), Chinese founding emperor of the Later Zhou (b. 904)
- May 21 – Feng Dao, Chinese prince and chancellor (b. 882)
- September 10 – King Louis IV of France (b. 920)
- Eric Bloodaxe, king of Norway and of Northumbria (b. c.885)
- Empress Li, Chinese dowager empress of the Later Han
- Liu Min (Shizu), Chinese founding emperor of the Northern Han (b. c.895)
- Malcolm I of Scotland (Máel Coluim mac Domnaill), King of Scots (b. c.895)