95 S 58-61

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Two 95 S 58-61 recoilless rifles and related equipment
Finnish conscripts in a training exercise, marching with a heavy recoilless rifle. Image from 1997.

The 95 S 58-61 is a heavy recoilless anti-tank weapon used by the Finnish Army.[1] It is also referred to as raskas sinko (heavy recoilless rifle),[1] or colloquially as Musti ("Blackie"). The weapon was developed in 1958 and it was given a new wheel-equipped carriage in 1961. The name of the weapon means "95 mm, Sinko, model 1958/1961", where sinko is the Finnish word for recoilless weapon.

The weight of the weapon system is 140 kg[citation needed] and its caliber is 95 mm.[2] Its effective range is 700 m against moving targets and 1,000 m against positioned targets. It can penetrate about 550 mm steel. Its HEAT ammunition is equipped with a strengthened nose section to better its effectiveness against explosive reactive armour (ERA).

The weapon team consists of 8 men: leader, shooter, loader/reserve shooter and two ammunitions handlers plus the reserve leader and two extra men armed with M72 LAWs and APILAS (currently being replaced by the MBT LAW) anti-tank weapons for close defense. The group moves in the terrain to their firing position by running and pulling the weapon behind them, and this is popularly called "walking the Musti". ("Musti" is a stereotypical name for a black dog in Finnish language.)

Obsolescence[edit]

As of 2011 the weapon was considered to be among the oldest weapon systems in need of modernization by the Finnish Defense Forces.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Ries, Tomas (1988). Cold Will: The Defence of Finland. Brassey's Defence Publishers. p. 167. ISBN 0080335926. 
  2. ^ Ries, Tomas (1988). Cold Will: The Defence of Finland. Brassey's Defence Publishers. p. 208. ISBN 0080335926. 
  3. ^ "Puolustusvoimien materiaali vanhenee vauhdilla". Ruotuväki (12). 23 June 2011. p. 3. Retrieved 28 June 2016. 

External links[edit]