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|961 by topic|
|Ab urbe condita||1714|
|Balinese saka calendar||882–883|
|Chinese calendar||庚申年 (Metal Monkey)
3657 or 3597
— to —
辛酉年 (Metal Rooster)
3658 or 3598
|- Vikram Samvat||1017–1018|
|- Shaka Samvat||882–883|
|- Kali Yuga||4061–4062|
|Japanese calendar||Tentoku 5 / Ōwa 1
|Minguo calendar||951 before ROC
|Seleucid era||1272/1273 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||1503–1504|
1087 or 706 or −66
— to —
1088 or 707 or −65
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 961.|
- March 6 – Siege of Chandax: Byzantine forces under Nikephoros Phokas capture and pillage Chandax after a 8-month siege. Nikephoros massacres the population without mercy and carries them off into slavery. He returns to Constantinople with Emir Abd al-Aziz ibn Shu'ayb and his family as prisoners. The island of Crete is converted into a Byzantine theme and the remaining Muslims are converted to Christianity.
- May 26 – King Otto I (the Great) elects his 6-year-old son Otto II as heir apparent and co-ruler at the Imperial Diet in Worms. He is crowned at Aachen, and placed under the tutelage of his grandmother Matilda and his half-brother William of Mainz. Otto's own brother Bruno I is charged with the provisional government of Lorraine again.
- Summer – Otto I leads an expeditionary force into northern Italy through the Brenner Pass at Trento, to assist the beleaguered young Pope John XII. He proceeds towards Pavia – King Berengar II sends his son and co-ruler Adalbert II from Rome at the head of a large army to seize control of the Upper Adige and contest Otto's entry.
- The Lombard army under Adalbert II refuses to fight Otto I unless Berengar II abdicates in favor of Adalbert. Berengar refuses, and the armies retreat to their strongholds. Berengar and his family take whatever loyal soldiers remain and disperse themselves – Berengar retreats to the fortress at Montefeltro (in the Pentapolis).
- Battle of Fitjar: An Viking force under the sons of Eric Bloodaxe lands on Hordaland. King Haakon I (the Good) defeats the rebelling force, but is killed. Harald Greycloak becomes ruler of the western part of Norway.
- October 15 – Caliph Abd-al-Rahman III dies after a 32-year reign. He is succeeded by his son Al-Hakam II as ruler of the Caliphate of Córdoba in Al-Andalus (modern Spain).
- King Ashot III (the Merciful) moves his capital from Kars eastward to Ani (modern Turkey). Located on a major east-west caravan route, Ani will become larger than any Europan city, with a population of about 100,000 that will rival Baghdad, Cairo, and Constantinople. Ani also becomes the site of the royal mausoleum of the Bagratuni kings.
- The "Shroud of Saint Josse", a rich silk Samite camel cloth from Khurasan, is made. It is preserved in the Abbey of Saint-Josse-sur-Mer, near Caen (Normandy) (approximate date).
- The Tiger Hill Pagoda (or Huqui Tower) is built in the city of Suzhou, located in Jiangsu Provence (Eastern China).
- Tavistock Abbey is founded by Ordgar, a Ealdorman of Devon, in England.
- January 15 – Seongjong, ruler of Goryeo (Korea) (d. 997)
- Edith of Wilton, English princess and nun (approximate date)
- Fujiwara no Michikane, Japanese nobleman (d. 995)
- Kou Zhun, Chinese grand chancellor (approximate date)
- Mahendradatta, queen of Bali (Indonesia) (d. 1011)
- Ramiro III, king of León (Spain) (d. 985)
- Sigmundur Brestisson, Viking chieftain (d. 1005)
- July 17 – Du, empress dowager of the Song Dynasty
- August 12 – Yuan Zong, emperor of Southern Tang (b. 916)
- September 19 – Helena Lekapene, Byzantine empress
- October 1 – Artald, archbishop of Reims
- October 15 – Abd-al-Rahman III, caliph of Córdoba
- Abd al-Malik I, Samanid emir (b. 944)
- Abu'l-Qasim Unujur ibn al-Ikhshid, Ikhshidid ruler
- Adarnase V, prince of Tao-Klarjeti (Georgia)
- Arnulf II, Frankish nobleman (or 960)
- Atto of Vercelli, Lombard bishop (b. 885)
- Ava of Cerdanya, countess regent of Cerdanya and Besalú
- Butuga II, ruler of the Western Ganga Dynasty (India)
- Fujiwara no Masatada, Japanese poet
- Haakon I (the Good), king of Norway
- Landulf II (the Red), Lombard prince
- Li Tao, Chinese chancellor (approximate date)
- Minamoto no Tsunemoto, Japanese samurai (b. 894)
- Raymond II, Frankish nobleman (approximate date)
- William II, Frankish nobleman (approximate date)
- Romane, Julian (2015). Byzantine Triumphant. Pen and Sword Books, p. 6. ISBN 978-1473845701.
- Manuk-Khaloyan, Armen (2013). "In the Cemetery of their Ancestors: The Royal Burial Tombs of the Bagratuni Kings of Greater Armenia (890–1073/79)". Revue des Études Arméniennes: pp. 147–155.
- Chisholm, Hugh (1911). "Tavistock". Encyclopædia Britannica (Eleventh Edition). Cambridge University Press, pp. 457–458.