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Millennium: 1st millennium
968 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar968
Ab urbe condita1721
Armenian calendar417
Assyrian calendar5718
Balinese saka calendar889–890
Bengali calendar375
Berber calendar1918
Buddhist calendar1512
Burmese calendar330
Byzantine calendar6476–6477
Chinese calendar丁卯年 (Fire Rabbit)
3664 or 3604
    — to —
戊辰年 (Earth Dragon)
3665 or 3605
Coptic calendar684–685
Discordian calendar2134
Ethiopian calendar960–961
Hebrew calendar4728–4729
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1024–1025
 - Shaka Samvat889–890
 - Kali Yuga4068–4069
Holocene calendar10968
Iranian calendar346–347
Islamic calendar357–358
Japanese calendarKōhō 5 / Anna 1
Javanese calendar868–870
Julian calendar968
Korean calendar3301
Minguo calendar944 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−500
Seleucid era1279/1280 AG
Thai solar calendar1510–1511
Tibetan calendar阴火兔年
(female Fire-Rabbit)
1094 or 713 or −59
    — to —
(male Earth-Dragon)
1095 or 714 or −58
Realm of Kievan Rus', mid-10th century.
Grand Prince Sviatoslav I (r. 945–972)

Year 968 (CMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.


By place[edit]

Byzantine Empire[edit]

  • Emperor Nikephoros II receives a Bulgarian embassy led by Prince Boris (the son of Tsar Peter I of Bulgaria), with a plea for help against the invading Kievan Rus'. Nikephoros, occupied in the East, is unable to support him. Instead he sends envoys to summon the Pechenegs to aid Boris. They besiege Kiev, but Grand Prince Sviatoslav I (on campaign in Bulgaria) returns with a Kievan relief force, and defeats the Pechenegs. He drives them out into the Steppe, and sets up viceroys to rule his Rus' territory.[1]


  • Spring – Emperor Otto I (the Great) travels to Capua to meet there with ambassadors of Nikephoros II, who again reiterate their friendship, but refuse to consent to his dowry demands (see 967). Otto invades the Byzantine Theme of Langobardia with a Lombard expeditionary force. With the assistance of Benevento-Capua and naval support from Pisa, Otto attempts to take Bari by assault, but Byzantine resistance is stiff, and Otto withdraws back to Ravenna.
  • Battle of Silistra: A Kievan army (60,000 men) led by Sviatoslav I crosses the Lower Danube and defeats the Bulgarians at Silistra. He occupies most of the Dobruja by seizing 80 fortresses in northeastern Bulgaria. They are looted and destroyed but not permanently occupied. During the winter, Sviatoslav transfers the capital from Kiev to Pereyaslavets.
  • Pandulf I (Ironhead), a Lombard prince, takes over the territory of Benevento and Capua after the death of his brother Landulf III. He appoints his son Landulf IV as co-prince of Benevento, and disinherits Pandulf II (a son of Landulf III) as lord of Sant'Agata (located northeast of Naples).


By topic[edit]





  1. ^ Fine, John V. A. Jr. (1991) [1983]. The Early Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Sixth to the Late Twelfth Century. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. p. 183. ISBN 0-472-08149-7.
  2. ^ Reuter, Timothy (1999). The New Cambridge Medieval History, Volume III, p. 252. ISBN 978-0-521-36447-8.