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Millennium: 1st millennium
969 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar969
Ab urbe condita1722
Armenian calendar418
Assyrian calendar5719
Balinese saka calendar890–891
Bengali calendar376
Berber calendar1919
Buddhist calendar1513
Burmese calendar331
Byzantine calendar6477–6478
Chinese calendar戊辰年 (Earth Dragon)
3665 or 3605
    — to —
己巳年 (Earth Snake)
3666 or 3606
Coptic calendar685–686
Discordian calendar2135
Ethiopian calendar961–962
Hebrew calendar4729–4730
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1025–1026
 - Shaka Samvat890–891
 - Kali Yuga4069–4070
Holocene calendar10969
Iranian calendar347–348
Islamic calendar358–359
Japanese calendarAnna 2
Javanese calendar870–871
Julian calendar969
Korean calendar3302
Minguo calendar943 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−499
Seleucid era1280/1281 AG
Thai solar calendar1511–1512
Tibetan calendar阳土龙年
(male Earth-Dragon)
1095 or 714 or −58
    — to —
(female Earth-Snake)
1096 or 715 or −57
The coronation of John I Tzimiskes (969).

Year 969 (CMLXIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar, the 969th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 969th year of the 1st millennium, the 69th year of the 10th century, and the 10th and last year of the 960s decade.


By place[edit]

Byzantine Empire[edit]


  • Peter I, emperor (tsar) of the Bulgarian Empire, suffers a stroke and abdicates the throne in favour of his eldest son Boris II. He arrives (after being an honorary hostage at Constantinople) in Preslav and is proclaimed as the new ruler. Boris regains lost territory from the Kievan Rus' and recaptures Pereyaslavets, an important trade city at the mouth of the Danube.[2]
  • Summer – Grand Prince Sviatoslav I invades Bulgaria at the head of a Kievan army, which includes Pecheneg and Hungarian auxiliary forces. He defeats the Bulgarians in a major battle and retakes Pereyaslavets. Boris II capitulates and impales 300 Bulgarian boyars for disloyalty. Sviatoslav assigns garrisons to the conquered fortresses in Northern Bulgaria.[3]
  • Pandulf Ironhead, duke of Benevento and Capua, leads the siege of Bovino. He is captured by the Byzantines and taken in chains to Bari, and jailed in Constantinople. Neapolitan forces under Marinus II, duke of Naples, invade Benevento-Capua, capture the city of Avellino and then lay siege to Capua.[4]
  • Otto I 'the Great', Holy Roman Emperor, assembles a large expeditionary force at Pavia, joined by Spoletan troops. He counter-attacks, relieves the siege of Capua and devastates the area around Naples. Otto enters Benevento, where he is received as 'liberator' by Landulf IV and in the cities of Apulia (Southern Italy).



By topic[edit]






  1. ^ Reuter, Timothy (1999). The New Cambridge Medieval History, Volume III, p. 594. ISBN 978-0-521-36447-8.
  2. ^ Fine, John V. A. Jr. (1991) [1983]. The Early Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Sixth to the Late Twelfth Century. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. p. 184. ISBN 0-472-08149-7..
  3. ^ Reuter, Timothy (1999). The New Cambridge Medieval History, Volume III, p. 584. ISBN 978-0-521-36447-8.
  4. ^ Gay, Jules (1904). L'Italie méridionale et l'empire Byzantin: Livre II. New York: Burt Franklin.
  5. ^ Brett, Michael (2002). "The Fatimid Revolution (861-973) and its aftermath in North Africa". The Cambridge History of Africa, Vol. 2 ed. J. D. Fage; Roland Anthony Oliver. Cambridge University Press. p. 622.