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|969 by topic|
|Ab urbe condita||1722|
|Balinese saka calendar||890–891|
|Chinese calendar||戊辰年 (Earth Dragon)|
3665 or 3605
— to —
己巳年 (Earth Snake)
3666 or 3606
|- Vikram Samvat||1025–1026|
|- Shaka Samvat||890–891|
|- Kali Yuga||4069–4070|
|Japanese calendar||Anna 2|
|Minguo calendar||943 before ROC|
|Seleucid era||1280/1281 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||1511–1512|
1095 or 714 or −58
— to —
1096 or 715 or −57
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 969.|
- October 28 – Siege of Antioch: Byzantine general Michael Bourtzes seizes (during a night attack) part of Antioch's fortifications. The capture of the city from the Hamdanids is completed three days later, when reinforcements under the stratopedarches Peter Phokas arrive. The Byzantine army then moves deeper into Syrian territory — besieging and taking the city of Aleppo.
- December 11 – Emperor Nikephoros II is murdered in the royal palace of Boukoleon at Constantinople after a 6-year reign. Former friends have acted on the instructions of his wife Theophano. Nikephoros is succeeded by his nephew John I Tzimiskes, who becomes co-emperor and regent. He sends Theophano into exile to the island of Prinkipo (Prince Islands).
- August 8 — Lothair II, King of Middle Francia (Lotharingia), dies at Piacenza on his way home from meeting Pope Adrian II at Rome to get assent for a divorce. Lotharingia is subsequently divided between Lothair's uncles, Charles the Bald of France and Louis the German.
- Peter I, emperor (tsar) of the Bulgarian Empire, suffers a stroke and abdicates the throne in favour of his eldest son Boris II. He arrives (after being an honorary hostage at Constantinople) in Preslav and is proclaimed as the new ruler. Boris regains lost territory from the Kievan Rus' and recaptures Pereyaslavets, an important trade city at the mouth of the Danube.
- Summer – Grand Prince Sviatoslav I invades Bulgaria at the head of an Kievan army, which includes Pecheneg and Hungarian auxiliary forces. He defeats the Bulgarians in a major battle and retakes Pereyaslavets. Boris II capitulates and impales 300 Bulgarian boyars for disloyalty. Sviatoslav assigns garrisons to the conquered fortresses in Northern Bulgaria.
- Pandulf I (Ironhead), duke of Benevento and Capua, leads the siege of Bovino. He is captured by the Byzantines and taken in chains to Bari, and jailed in Constantinople. Neapolitan forces under Marinus II, duke of Naples, invade Benevento-Capua, capture the city of Avellino and then lay siege to Capua.
- Emperor Otto I (the Great) assembles a large expeditionary force at Pavia, joined by Spoletan troops. He counter-attacks, relieves the siege of Capua and devastates the area around Naples. Otto enters Benevento, where he is received as 'liberator' by Landulf IV and in the cities of Apulia (Southern Italy).
- Summer – Caliph Al-Mu'izz dispatches an army under General Jawhar al-Siqilli to invade Egypt. Jawhar occupies the lands around the Nile from the Ikhshidids after a siege at Giza. Al-Mu'izz transfers the royal residence of the Fatimid Caliphate from El-Mansuriya (modern Tunisia) to the newly founded city of Cairo (located north of Fustat).
- September 27 – Emperor Reizei abdicates the throne (due to a mental illness) after a 2-year reign. He is succeeded by his 10-year-old brother En'yū, who becomes the 64th emperor of Japan.
- Emperor Aditya Karikalan, co-regent of the Chola Dynasty (modern India), is murdered and succeeded by Uttama Chola. Due to his immaturity, Arulmolivarman becomes the heir apparent.
- Summer – Pope John XIII convenes a synod at Rome. He raises the bishopric of Benevento to Archbishopric of Benevento. The city is made a metropolitan see over 10 bishoprics in Byzantine Capitanata (Southern Italy).
- Badi' al-Zaman al-Hamadani, Persian poet and writer (d. 1007)
- Hilal al-Sabi', Buyid bureaucrat and historian (d. 1056)
- Judith of Hungary, princess and queen of Poland (d. 988)
- Liu, empress and regent of the Song Dynasty (d. 1033)
- Nathar Shah, Tamil mystic and preacher (d. 1039)
- William V (the Great), duke of Aquitaine (d. 1030)
- March 12 – Mu Zong, emperor of the Liao Dynasty (b. 931)
- June 26 – George El Mozahem, Egyptian martyr (b. 940)
- July 11 – Olga of Kiev, princess and regent of Russia (b. c. 890)
- September 25 – Burchard, bishop of Meissen (approximate date)
- December 1 – Fujiwara no Morotada, Japanese statesman (b. 920)
- December 11 – Nikephoros II, emperor of the Byzantine Empire
- Aditya Karikalan, prince and ruler of the Chola Dynasty (India)
- Dou Zhengu, Chinese official and chancellor (b. 892)
- Ibn Hawqal, Muslim writer, geographer and chronicler
- Landulf III, prince of Benevento and Capua (or 968)
- Michael Krešimir II, king of Croatia (House of Trpimir)
- Nasir al-Dawla, Hamdanid emir (Emirate of Mosul)
- Reuter, Timothy (1999). The New Cambridge Medieval History, Volume III, p. 594. ISBN 978-0-521-36447-8.
- John V.A. Fine, Jr. (1991). The Early Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Sixth to the Late Twelfth Century, p. 184. ISBN 978-0472-08149-3.
- Reuter, Timothy (1999). The New Cambridge Medieval History, Volume III, p. 584. ISBN 978-0-521-36447-8.
- Gay, Jules (1904). L'Italie méridionale et l'empire Byzantin: Livre II. New York: Burt Franklin.
- The Fatimid Revolution (861-973) and its aftermath in North Africa, Michael Brett, The Cambridge History of Africa, Vol. 2 ed. J. D. Fage, Roland Anthony Oliver, (Cambridge University Press, 2002). p. 622.