This is a good article. Click here for more information.

96th Street (Second Avenue Subway)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
96th Street
"Q" train
New York City Subway rapid transit station
96th Street Station (31810434145).jpg
Platform level
Station statistics
Address 96th Street & Second Avenue
New York, NY 10128
Borough Manhattan
Locale Upper East Side (Carnegie Hill and Yorkville); East Harlem
Coordinates 40°47′03″N 73°56′50″W / 40.7841°N 73.9472°W / 40.7841; -73.9472Coordinates: 40°47′03″N 73°56′50″W / 40.7841°N 73.9472°W / 40.7841; -73.9472
Division B (IND)
Line       IND Second Avenue Line
Services       N selected rush-hour trips (selected rush-hour trips)
      Q all times (all times)
Transit connections Bus transport NYCT Bus: M15 (SB), M15 SBS (SB), M96
Structure Underground
Platforms 1 island platform
Tracks 2
Other information
Opened January 1, 2017; 7 months ago (2017-01-01)[1][2]
Station code 475[3]
Accessible This station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 ADA-accessible
Wireless service Wi-Fi and cellular service is provided at this station[4]
Station succession


Next adjacent station compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 north (Terminal): N selected rush-hour trips Q all times
106th Street: future
Next adjacent station compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 south 86th Street: N selected rush-hour trips Q all times

96th Street is a station on the IND Second Avenue Line of the New York City Subway. Located at the intersection of Second Avenue and 96th Street on the border of the Upper East Side and East Harlem neighborhoods in Manhattan, it is the northern terminus for the Q train at all times, and for some N trains during rush hours. Opened on January 1, 2017, this station is the terminus for the first phase of the Second Avenue Line.

Station layout[edit]

G Street level Exits/Entrances
M Mezzanine Fare control, station agent, MetroCard vending machines
Handicapped/disabled access(Elevator in plaza on west side of Second Avenue between 95th Street and 96th Street)
P
Platform level
Southbound
Track S1
"Q" train toward Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue via Brighton ("N" train rush hours via Sea Beach) (86th Street)
Island platform, doors will open on the left or right Handicapped/disabled access
Southbound
Track S2
"Q" train toward Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue via Brighton ("N" train rush hours via Sea Beach) (86th Street)

The 96th Street station is served by the Q train (rerouted from its former terminus of Astoria–Ditmars Boulevard) at all times, as well as some N trains during rush hours;[5][6][7][8][9] it is the northern terminus of both services.[10][11] It has two tracks and an island platform.[12] The station is built so that it is more wide open than most other underground subway stations in the system.[13] Its design was likened to a Washington Metro station by Dr. Michael Horodniceanu, President of MTA Capital Construction.[14] The platform is approximately 49 feet (15 m) below ground, making the station the shallowest of the three Phase 1 stations.[15][16] The platform for the 96th Street station, like the other Second Avenue Subway stations, is 27.8 feet (8.5 m) wide.[17][18]

The station has air-cooling systems to make it at least 10 °F (6 °C) cooler than other subway stations during the summer.[19] This requires the station to have large ventilation and ancillary buildings, rather than traditional subway grates.[20] The station is also compliant with current fire codes, whereas most existing stations are not.[21] Additionally, the station is waterproofed with concrete liners and fully drained.[22]

Track layout[edit]

Track layout
S1 S2
End of tail tracks
Tail tracks each
store two trains
to 86 St
S1 S2

South of the station, underneath 92nd Street, is a diamond crossover allowing northbound trains from track S2 to terminate on either track, then go into the storage tracks or proceed south on track S1.[23][24][25] A section of tunnel north of the station, built in the 1970s between 99th and 105th Streets, was renovated.[26] The tail tracks north of the station, which currently end at 99th Street, can store four trainsets, two on each track.[27]

Artwork[edit]

"Blueprint for a Landscape" by Sarah Sze

In 2009, MTA Arts & Design selected Sarah Sze from a pool of 300 potential artists to create the artwork for the station.[28][29] Her work, which was created by Spanish artisans Alcalagres,[29] consists of blue, violet, and lavender landscapes,[30][31] as well as depictions of wind blowing things around.[29] The artwork is located on the 4,300 porcelain wall panels of the station.[24][32][33] The installation is permanent.[34]

The piece is called "Blueprint for a Landscape" and consists of a dark-blue landscape of things being blown around as if by an incoming train. A New York Times reporter described it as "fragmented images of scaffolding, birds, chairs and leaves, digitally collaged."[29] Another piece, in simple blue-and-white colors, consists of depictions of billowing sheets of paper. The work also serves the practical purpose of helping navigation, as the sheets are more closely packed together near the exits than in the middle of the station.[29] The work features familiar objects—sheets of paper, scaffolding, birds, trees, and foliage—caught up in a whirlwind. Each entrance features a different shade of blue and a blueprint-style vector line design, a visual theme that is integrated with the architecture.[35][36]

Exits and ancillary buildings[edit]

There are 3 entrances and exits, comprising 10 escalators and one elevator.[24][37]

Entrance 3, with blue LEDs lighting up the canopy's supports
Location[37] Exit Type Number of exits
Entrance 1
Within building, SW corner of Second Avenue and 94th Street[38]
Staircase
Escalator
1 staircase
1 escalator
Entrance 2
Plaza, NE corner of Second Avenue and 94th Street[38]
Escalator 3 escalators
Entrance 3
Second Avenue, west side between 95th Street and 96th Street[38]
Elevator Handicapped/disabled access 1
Entrance 3
Plaza, SW corner of Second Avenue and 96th Street[38]
Staircase
Escalator
1 staircase
2 escalators

There are also two ancillary buildings that store station equipment.[39][40] Ancillary 1 is at the northeast corner of Second Avenue and 93rd Street, while ancillary 2 is at the SW corner of Second Avenue and 97th Street.[39][40] The Metropolitan Hospital Center is one block to the north of the station's northernmost entrance.[41]

The locations of the station entrances are all south of 96th Street.[42] In 2009, there was a debate over the placement of the location of the street entrances. Because 96th Street divides the neighborhoods of the Upper East Side to the south and East Harlem to the north, some residents of East Harlem stated that their neighborhood was not served by the Second Avenue Subway.[43][44]

History[edit]

Mezzanine level

Background[edit]

The Second Avenue Line was originally proposed in 1919 as part of a massive expansion of what would become the Independent Subway System (IND).[45][46]:203 Work on the line never commenced, as the Great Depression of 1929 crushed the economy.[47] Numerous plans for the Second Avenue Subway appeared throughout the 20th century, but these were usually deferred due to lack of funds. In anticipation of the never-built new subway line, the Second and Third Avenue elevated lines were demolished in 1942 and 1955, respectively.[48][49] The Second Avenue Elevated had one station at 92nd Street and another at 99th Street,[50] and the Third Avenue Elevated had a stop on nearby Third Avenue at 99th Street.[51]

Unrealized proposals[edit]

As part of the New York City Transit Authority's 1968 Program for Action, the construction of the full-length Second Avenue Subway was proposed. It was to be built in two phases—the first phase from 126th to 34th Streets, the second phase from 34th to Whitehall Streets.[52][53]

The line's planned stops in Manhattan, spaced farther apart than those on existing subway lines, proved controversial; the Second Avenue line was criticized as a "rich man's express, circumventing the Lower East Side with its complexes of high-rise low- and middle-income housing and slums in favor of a silk stocking route."[46]:218 People protested for almost a year over the lack of stations at 72nd and 96th Streets; while a Lenox Hill (72nd Street) station[54] was added in October 1970, the 96th Street station was still not in the official plans, despite the proximity of the Metropolitan Hospital Center to the proposed station.[46]:220 In response to public outcry, the MTA announced the addition of a station at 96th Street in 1971.[55]

Work above ground, November 2012

A combination of Federal and State funding was obtained, and despite the controversy over the number of stops and route, a groundbreaking ceremony was held on October 27, 1972 at Second Avenue and 103rd Street.[56][57][58] Construction began shortly thereafter on what was to be the 99th–105th Streets segment, which was projected to cost $17.48 million (worth about $100,082,000 today).[59] However, the city soon experienced its most dire fiscal crisis yet, due to the stagnant economy of the early 1970s, combined with the massive outflow of city residents to the suburbs, and in September 1975 construction on the line stopped, and the tunnels were sealed.[58][60] Over the next few decades, the MTA regularly inspected and maintained the tunnel segments (spending $20,000 a year by the early 1990s), to maintain the structural integrity of the streets above, and in case construction would ever resume. Trespassers would often camp in the tunnels until the MTA increased security.[61]

In 1999, the Regional Plan Association considered a full-length Second Avenue Subway, which include 96th Street as one of its planned 31 stations. The station would serve the Metropolitan Hospital at 97th Street and the then-new high-rise buildings south of 96th Streets.[62]

Construction[edit]

In March 2007, the Second Avenue Subway was revived.[63][12] The line's first phase, the "first major expansion" to the New York City Subway in more than a half-century,[64] included three stations in total (at 72nd, 86th, and 96th Streets), which collectively cost $4.45 to $4.5 billion.[65][66] Its construction site was designated as being from 105th Street and Second Avenue to 63rd Street and Third Avenue.[67] The MTA awarded a $337 million contract—one that included constructing the tunnels between 92nd and 63rd Streets, building a launch box for the tunnel boring machine (TBM) at 92nd to 95th Streets, and erecting access shafts at 69th and 72nd Streets—to Schiavone Construction, Skanska USA Civil, and J.F. Shea Construction.[68] The line's construction commenced on April 15, 2007,[69][12][70] In April 2007, the second round of planning for the station was finalized.[71][72]

Station cavern construction in December 2014

A ceremonial ground-breaking for the Second Avenue Subway was held on April 12, 2007 three blocks north of the station.[12][73][74][75][76] The contractor prepared the initial construction site at 96th Street on April 23, 2007.[77] A TBM was originally expected to arrive six to eight months after construction began, but the utility relocation and excavation required to create its "launch box" delayed its deployment from 96th Street down to 63rd Street until May 2010.[78] By May 2010, the TBM launch box was complete, and on May 14, 2010, MTA's contractors completed the TBM installation and turned it on.[79][80][12]

By the beginning of 2012, the slurry wall for the station site was being taken down.[81] On June 25, 2012, a $324.6 million contract was awarded to E.E. Cruz and Company and Tully Construction Company for the station's plumbing, electricity, ancillaries, and entrances.[82] In March 2013, the bulkhead separating the new construction from the 1970s-era tunnel at 99th Street was completed.[83]

On March 19, 2013, a construction worker got stuck in waist-deep muck at the station site;[84][85] he was extricated after four hours of rescue efforts, but nearly died after the incident.[86][87]

In mid-2013, work had resumed in the tunnel segment between 99th Street and 105th Street, involving the addition of track and signals, mechanical and plumbing equipment, and upgrading the tunnels to meet modern fire code standards.[88][89] As of November 2013, the station was 65% excavated. Rails for the line had arrived and were being stored in the station cavern;[90][91] about one-third of the rails for the line had arrived by then, enough for tracks to be laid from 105th to 87th Streets.[92] By spring 2014, the mezzanine was completed, and roof slabs were being installed; tracks and signal brackets were also installed north of the station.[93] By April 2015, the station was 67% complete,[94] and by April 2016, the station was 91% complete.[95] The station was scheduled to be completed by June 2016,[96] but this was later pushed back to fall 2016.[97]

On December 22 and 23, as part of an open house hosted by the MTA, the public was invited to tour the 96th Street station before it opened, to generally positive acclaim.[98][99][100] The station opened on January 1, 2017.[1][2]

Phase Two[edit]

Phase 2, which does not have a set timetable for construction,[101][102] is planned to extend service from 96th Street to 125th Street. During Phase 2, both East Harlem segments, between 99th Street and 105th Street, and between 110th Street and 120th Street will be connected, modified, and used for normal train service. In 2007, the MTA reported that the segments were in pristine condition.[103] Under the approved plan, the MTA estimates to complete Phase 2 between 2027 and 2029, by which the Q and rush-hour N trains will be extended to 125th Street.[104]

Effects[edit]

The surrounding area's real estate prices had been in decline,[105] and construction made the prices of real estate decrease temporarily to more affordable levels.[106] However, the value of real estate in the area has risen since 2013,[107][108] with new construction charging a "subway premium."[105] Some businesses near the station's construction site lost profits,[109] but with the opening of the new station, business owners hope to see an increase in patronage.[110][111]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b McCowan, Candace (December 31, 2016). "Decades in the making, Second Avenue Subway set to open to the public". ABC7 New York. Retrieved January 1, 2017. 
  2. ^ a b Fitzsimmons, Emma G.; Wolfe, Jonathan (January 1, 2017). "Second Avenue Subway Opening: What to Know". The New York Times. Retrieved January 1, 2017. 
  3. ^ "Station Developers' Information". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 13, 2017. 
  4. ^ "NYC Subway Wireless – Active Stations". Transit Wireless Wifi. Retrieved 2016-05-18.
  5. ^ Second Avenue Subway
  6. ^ "Second Avenue Subway Quarterly Report Q4 2013" (PDF). MTA.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 
  7. ^ "SUB-DIVISION B TRAIN OPERATOR/CONDUCTOR ROAD & NON-ROAD WORK PROGRAMS IN EFFECT: NOVEMBER 6, 2016" (PDF). progressiveaction.info. New York City Transit. July 29, 2016. Retrieved August 19, 2016. 
  8. ^ "Reproduction of MTA Construction Company schedule sheet". Retrieved September 16, 2014. 
  9. ^ "MTA | Press Release | NYC Transit | MTA Advances Work On Second Avenue Subway Service". www.mta.info. Retrieved February 19, 2016. 
  10. ^ Putzier, Konrad. "Real Estate Weekly » Blog Archive » Light at end of tunnel for Second Ave. subway". Rew-online.com. Retrieved May 15, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Exclusive: Progress Moves Ahead For Phase One Of Second Avenue Subway « CBS New York". Newyork.cbslocal.com. May 1, 2014. Retrieved May 15, 2014. 
  12. ^ a b c d e "Tunneling Begins Under Second Avenue". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. May 14, 2010. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved June 28, 2011. 
  13. ^ Hession, Michael (May 2, 2014). "A Subterranean Stroll Through NYC's Newest Train Tunnel". Gizmodo. Retrieved May 13, 2014. 
  14. ^ Rivoli, Dan (May 1, 2014). "Second Avenue Subway progress: Dec. 2016 end date on track". AM New York. Retrieved May 14, 2014. 
  15. ^ Metropolitan Transportation Authority. "Second Avenue Subway March 2014 Public Workshop Follow-Up Report, page 23" (PDF). Retrieved April 21, 2016. 
  16. ^ Wynne, Alexandra (January 20, 2009). "Fairytale of New York – Second Avenue Subway takes shape | Features | New Civil Engineer". Nce.co.uk. Retrieved August 2, 2009. 
  17. ^ "A Tour of NYC's Newest Subway Station With Its Architect". Curbed NY. September 21, 2015. Retrieved September 24, 2015. 
  18. ^ "Second Avenue Subway — Past, Present & Future" (PDF). apta.com. MTA Capital Construction. 
  19. ^ Donohue, Pete (August 4, 2006). "Cooler Subways Coming Eventually". Daily News. New York. Archived from the original on October 10, 2007. Retrieved December 12, 2008. 
  20. ^ Roberts, Sam (September 30, 2013). "No Heel Hazards (or Gusts) as Subway Expands". New York Times. New York. Retrieved May 5, 2014. 
  21. ^ Nolan, Caitlin (May 16, 2014). "Second Avenue subway line construction is progressing: officials". NY Daily News. Retrieved May 19, 2014. 
  22. ^ "NEW YORK CITY—Second Avenue Subway: MTA’s Second Avenue Station and Tunnels Project" (PDF). Society for Mining, Metallurgy and Exploration. 
  23. ^ "Second Avenue Subway Final Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS), May 2004 Figure 2-4 Track Diagram, North of 55th Street" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. May 2004. Retrieved August 7, 2016. 
  24. ^ a b c "Second Avenue Subway Community Board 8 Second Avenue Subway Task Force Update" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. February 1, 2016. Retrieved February 13, 2016. 
  25. ^ Dougherty, Peter (2006) [2002]. Tracks of the New York City Subway 2006 (3rd ed.). Dougherty. OCLC 49777633 – via Google Books. 
  26. ^ "The Line That Time Forgot – Second Avenue Subway". Nymag.com. April 5, 2004. Retrieved April 10, 2014. 
  27. ^ "96th Street Station Area" (PDF). Second Avenue Subway Newsletter. February 2013. Retrieved June 9, 2013. 
  28. ^ Lynch, Marley (January 23, 2014). "The future Second Avenue subway line will have cool art (slide show)". Timeout.com. Retrieved May 15, 2014. 
  29. ^ a b c d e Kennedy, Randy (December 19, 2016). "Art Underground: A First Look at the Second Avenue Subway". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved December 19, 2016. 
  30. ^ "Subway Art on the Future Second Avenue Subway Line Revealed". Untapped Cities. April 28, 2014. Retrieved May 15, 2014. 
  31. ^ Lynch, Marley (January 23, 2014). "The future Second Avenue subway line will have cool art (slide show)". Timeout.com. Retrieved May 15, 2014. 
  32. ^ Ben Yakas (January 22, 2014). "Here's What The Second Avenue Subway Will Look Like When It's Filled With Art". Gothamist. Retrieved May 5, 2014. 
  33. ^ Halperin, Julia (June 2, 2012). "A Preview of the MTA's Ultra-Contemporary Public Art for New York's Second Avenue Subway Line". Blouin Art Info. Retrieved May 15, 2014. 
  34. ^ Oh, Inae (May 14, 2012). "Second Avenue Subway Public Art Project Commissions Chuck Close, Sarah Sze, Jean Shin". Huffington Post. Retrieved October 3, 2012. 
  35. ^ "From Chuck Close to Sarah Sze, a Ride Through the Art of the Second Avenue Subway". Hyperallergic. 2017-01-03. Retrieved 2017-01-13. 
  36. ^ "Big art in the Second Avenue Subway will enliven the daily slog - Archpaper.com". archpaper.com. Retrieved 2017-01-13. 
  37. ^ a b "MTA Neighborhood Maps: Upper East Side" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2016. Retrieved December 30, 2016. 
  38. ^ a b c d "Introducing the Second Avenue Subway Make Second Avenue Q subway service, your first choice". mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. December 30, 2016. Retrieved December 30, 2016. 
  39. ^ a b "July 2015 Task Force Presentation" (PDF). MTA.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. July 2015. p. 37. 
  40. ^ a b "August 2015 Newsletter" (PDF). MTA.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. August 2015. 
  41. ^ "Our Location". Metropolitan Hospital Center. Archived from the original on December 12, 2011. Retrieved June 11, 2014. The new Second Avenue subway line, which is currently under construction, will have a station in front of the hospital's entrance. 
  42. ^ "SECOND AVENUE SUBWAY PROJECT" (PDF). February 21, 2012. p. 20. Retrieved October 24, 2016. 
  43. ^ "Second Ave. station entrance sagas hit 96th St.". Second Avenue Sagas. December 22, 2009. Retrieved May 15, 2014. 
  44. ^ "Construction Creeps Downtown". New York Press. Our Town. October 7, 2009. Archived from the original on June 13, 2014. Retrieved June 12, 2014. 
  45. ^ "www.nycsubway.org: Second Avenue Subway: The Line That Almost Never Was". nycsubway.org. 1972. Retrieved September 30, 2015. 
  46. ^ a b c Raskin, Joseph (2013). The Routes Not Taken: A Trip Through New York City's Unbuilt Subway System. Fordham University Press. ISBN 978-0-8232-5369-2. 
  47. ^ "IND Second System 1929 Plan". nycsubway.org. Retrieved March 25, 2016. 
  48. ^ "Second Avenue Subway Project – History". October 19, 2002. Archived from the original on October 19, 2002. Retrieved February 15, 2016. 
  49. ^ "Last Train Rumbles On Third Ave. 'El'; An Era Ends With Final Run of Third Avenue 'El' LAST TRAIN ROLLS ON THIRD AVE. 'EL'". Retrieved August 23, 2016. 
  50. ^ See:
  51. ^ See:
  52. ^ "The New York Transit Authority in the 1970s". nycsubway.org. Retrieved October 27, 2016. 
  53. ^ a b "DRAFT ENVIRONMENTAL STATEMENT, SECOND AVENUE SUBWAY, ROUTE 132-A". Urban Mass Transportation Administration. nycsubway.org. August 1971. Retrieved May 22, 2014. 
  54. ^ "Second Avenue Subway Final Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS), May 2004 Appendix B Development of Alternatives" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. May 2004. Retrieved August 7, 2016. 
  55. ^ "DRAFT ENVIRONMENTAL STATEMENT, SECOND AVENUE SUBWAY, ROUTE 132-A". Urban Mass Transportation Administration. nycsubway.org. August 1971. Retrieved February 13, 2016. 
  56. ^ "Second Avenue Subway Final Environmental Impact Statement (FEIS), May 2004 Appendix B Development of Alternatives" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. May 2004. Retrieved August 7, 2016. 
  57. ^ "Second Avenue Subway: Timeline". nycsubway.org. Retrieved April 7, 2014.
  58. ^ a b "Second Avenue Subway". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Archived from the original on April 8, 2014. Retrieved April 7, 2014. 
  59. ^ Burks, Edward C. (October 25, 1973). "GROUND IS BROKEN FOR 2D AVE. LINK; Downtown Subway Section Begins With Ceremony Led by Lindsay and Ronan Projects Are Listed Interest in French Train". The New York Times. p. 51. Retrieved October 4, 2015. 
  60. ^ Burks, Edward C. (September 26, 1975). "WORK IS STOPPED ON SUBWAY LINE; City Lacks Funds to Finish Part of 2d Ave. Project". The New York Times. p. 41. Retrieved October 4, 2015. 
  61. ^ Finder, Alan (April 19, 1994). "A Tunnel Waiting Two Decades for a Train; Shafts for the Second Avenue Subway Are Maintained, in Case the Line Is Ever Built". The New York Times. p. B1. Archived from the original on March 7, 2016. Retrieved October 4, 2015. 
  62. ^ Metrolink Archived August 2, 2010, at the Wayback Machine., p.20
  63. ^ Neuman, William (April 9, 2007). "Is That Finally the Sound of a 2nd Ave. Subway?". The New York Times. Retrieved June 28, 2011. 
  64. ^ "The Second Avenue subway explained". am New York. Retrieved October 27, 2016. 
  65. ^ * Putzier, Konrad (May 14, 2014). "Real Estate Weekly » Blog Archive » Light at end of tunnel for Second Ave. subway". Rew-online.com. Retrieved June 5, 2014. 
  66. ^ "Drone takes tour of NYC's 2nd Avenue subway line". CBS News. September 16, 2015. Retrieved October 27, 2016. 
  67. ^ Nonko, Emily (January 30, 2014). "Updates on NYC's Biggest Subway Projects: Second Avenue and East Side Access". NewYork.com. Archived from the original on May 17, 2014. Retrieved June 5, 2014. 
  68. ^ "Top Projects" (PDF). NY Construction. p. 1. 
  69. ^ Neuman, William (April 9, 2007). "Is That Finally the Sound of a 2nd Ave. Subway?". The New York Times. Retrieved June 28, 2011. 
  70. ^ "Excavation of West Tunnel for Second Avenue Subway Complete". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. February 4, 2011. Retrieved June 28, 2011. 
  71. ^ "Second Avenue Subway Project 96th Street Station" (PDF). MTA.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 
  72. ^ Rubinstein, Dana (October 23, 2013). "Where is the Second Avenue Subway going?". Capital New York. Retrieved May 15, 2014. 
  73. ^ Neuman, William (April 9, 2007). "Is That Finally the Sound of a 2nd Ave. Subway?". The New York Times. Retrieved June 28, 2011. 
  74. ^ "Excavation of West Tunnel for Second Avenue Subway Complete". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. February 4, 2011. Retrieved June 28, 2011. 
  75. ^ Jen Chung (April 12, 2007). "Second Avenue Subway Groundbreaking Day!". Gothamist. Retrieved May 15, 2014. 
  76. ^ "MTA | Press Release | MTA Headquarters | Second Avenue Subway Breaks Ground". New.mta.info. April 12, 2007. Retrieved May 15, 2014. 
  77. ^ The Wheels That Drove New York: A History of the New York City Transit System – Roger P. Roess, Gene Sansone – Google Books. Books.google.com. Retrieved May 15, 2014. 
  78. ^ "Second Avenue Subway – A Status Report" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on July 21, 2011. Retrieved August 2, 2009. 
  79. ^ " "Blasting on Second Avenue". thelaunchbox.blogspot.com. March 22, 2010. 
  80. ^ Siff, Andrew (May 14, 2010). "2nd Ave. Subway Tunnel Dig Begins". WNBC. Retrieved May 14, 2010. 
  81. ^ "Newsletter February 2014" (PDF). MTA.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. February 2014. 
  82. ^ Newman, Philip (June 23, 2012). "2nd Ave. subway project to receive $1.3B from gov't". Times Ledger. Retrieved May 15, 2014. 
  83. ^ "Newsletter March 2013" (PDF). MTA.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. March 2013. 
  84. ^ Creag, Katherine (March 20, 2013). "Worker Trapped in Mud Beneath MTA Site Rescued After 4 Hours". NBC New York. Retrieved May 15, 2014. 
  85. ^ "'The mud just grabbed me and wouldn't release me': Rescued Second Ave. subway worker who spent four hours in cold upper East Side muck recovering". New York: NY Daily News. March 20, 2013. Retrieved May 15, 2014. 
  86. ^ "MTA subway worker trapped in tunnel rescued – News". METRO Magazine. Retrieved May 15, 2014. 
  87. ^ Most, Doug, The race underground : Boston, New York, and the incredible rivalry that built America's first subway, First edition, New York : St. Martin's Press, February 2014. ISBN 978-0-312-59132-8.
  88. ^ "96th Street Station Area" (PDF). Second Avenue Subway Newsletter. October 2013. Retrieved February 14, 2016. 
  89. ^ "96th Street Station Area" (PDF). Second Avenue Subway Newsletter. November 2013. Retrieved February 14, 2016. 
  90. ^ Lauren Evans (November 5, 2013). "Photos: 2nd Avenue Subway Line Shows Shocking Signs Of Progress". Gothamist. Retrieved May 15, 2014. 
  91. ^ Harshbarger, Rebecca (November 4, 2013). "MTA gives new peek at 2nd Ave. subway | New York Post". Nypost.com. Retrieved May 15, 2014. 
  92. ^ Kastrenakes, Jacob (November 6, 2013). "Watch the gap: see New York's biggest subway projects take shape". The Verge. Retrieved May 15, 2014. 
  93. ^ "2014 Q1 Quarterly Report" (PDF). MTA.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 
  94. ^ "New Photos Show Second Avenue Subway Stations Nearing Completion". Gothamist. April 27, 2015. Retrieved May 2, 2015. 
  95. ^ "Community Board 8 Second Avenue Subway Task Force Update" (PDF). MTA.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. April 21, 2016. 
  96. ^ "May 2014 Newsletter" (PDF). MTA.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. May 2014. 
  97. ^ "June 2016 Newsletter" (PDF). MTA.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. June 2016. 
  98. ^ "Riders get sneak preview of 96th Street stop on Second Avenue Subway". ABC7 New York. December 22, 2016. Retrieved December 23, 2016. 
  99. ^ "Get a first look at the 2nd Avenue subway". am New York. Retrieved December 23, 2016. 
  100. ^ Furfaro, Danielle (December 22, 2016). "Inside the new Second Avenue Subway". New York Post. Retrieved December 23, 2016. 
  101. ^ "MTA to propose $1.5B to Phase 2 of 2nd Ave. subway construction". Daily News. New York. 
  102. ^ Fitzsimmons, Emma G. (October 29, 2015). "Anger in East Harlem Over New Delays in 2nd Ave. Subway Plans". The New York Times. Retrieved November 3, 2015. 
  103. ^ "Video: Explore The Abandoned Second Avenue Subway Tunnels". Gothamist. February 1, 2012. 
  104. ^ "New York City 2nd Ave Subway Phase 2 Profile" (PDF). FTA. 2016-12-27. Retrieved 2017-01-04. 
  105. ^ a b Hughes, C.J. (April 8, 2016). "Yorkville Bets on the Second Avenue Subway". The New York Times. Retrieved April 13, 2016. 
  106. ^ Gross, Max (October 24, 2013). "Makeover time along the East River". New York Post. Retrieved May 19, 2014. 
  107. ^ "Shops along Second Ave. subway line construction sites want big bucks in 2014". New York: NY Daily News. January 7, 2014. Retrieved May 5, 2014. 
  108. ^ Acitelli, Tom (March 1, 2014). "Upper East Side sees boost from Second Avenue subway progress". The Real Deal. Retrieved May 13, 2014. 
  109. ^ Schlossberg, Tatiana (October 2, 2014). "Promise of New Subways Has West Siders Excited and East Siders Skeptical". The New York Times. Retrieved October 26, 2014. 
  110. ^ "Businesses hope for boost with 2nd Avenue subway launch". ABC7 New York. December 20, 2016. Retrieved December 23, 2016. 
  111. ^ Barone, Vincent (December 20, 2016). "UES community, officials excited for 2nd Ave. subway". am New York. Retrieved December 23, 2016. 

External links[edit]