96th Street (Manhattan)
96th Street is a major two-way street in the Upper East Side and Upper West Side sections of the New York City borough of Manhattan, running from the East River at the FDR Drive to the Henry Hudson Parkway at the Hudson River. It is one of the 15 hundred-foot-wide (30 m) crosstown streets mapped out in the Commissioner's Plan of 1811 that established the numbered street grid in Manhattan.
East and West 96th Street are separated by Central Park, whose West 96th Street pedestrian gate is called "Gate of all Saints" and whose East 96th Street gate is called "Woodmans Gate". A sunken roadway through the park, often called the 97th Street Transverse road or Transverse Road #4, connects the East and West Sides via 96th and 97th Streets.
East 96th Street
From the FDR Drive to First Avenue, 96th Street is the northern border of Zone A, a flood evacuation zone. When Hurricane Sandy hit New York City in 2012, residents on neighboring blocks found out they, too, were in a flood zone, and the city revised its zone borders outward. Residents of the public housing projects as well as high rise apartments in the zone were left without power, although it was restored to most of the area after a day or two.
96th Street rises after Second Avenue, and climbs from Third Avenue to Lexington Avenue – called "Carnegie Hill" – before leveling off at Central Park. The street is the traditional dividing line between Yorkville and the Upper East Side to the south and Spanish Harlem or East Harlem to the north.
East 96th Street, particularly near Second and Third Avenues, underwent significant gentrification in the late 1980s. By 2005, a wave of speculation for Harlem real estate pushed a corridor of luxury condos and coops up First Avenue from 96th Atreet as well. The construction of a subway along Second Avenue, has disrupted lives and businesses along 96th Street, but its planned opening in 2016 is expected to further increase residential and commercial development in East Harlem, as well as increasing housing value in Yorkville, where the long walk to the subway along Lexington Avenue made commuting more difficult.
The Islamic Cultural Center of New York opened at Third Avenue and East 96th Street in 1991. Like all mosques, it is oriented toward Mecca, which required a slight shift in orientation from the neighboring buildings.
West 96th Street
On the West Side, 96th Street runs through a natural valley passing under Riverside Drive and leading down to the former Stryker's Bay. It is regarded as the southern border of the nearby Manhattan Valley area.
Broadway at West 96th Street was home to two ornate theaters – the Riviera and Japanese Gardens – each designed in the early 20th century, and both gone by 1976.
In the mid 1980s, parts of West 96th Street began to convert from rental units to cooperative housing. At the time, crime remained a problem. As late as the early 1990s, drug dealing was rampant on 96th Street between Broadway and Amsterdam Avenue, and Larry Hogue, a homeless crack addict known as the "Wild Man of 96th Street" terrorized the street for several years until being forced into treatment and extended state custody. In 2009, Hogue escaped from custody and returned briefly to West 96th Street before being found and returned to treatment. The decision by the city to continue locating homeless and frequently drug addicted residents in large former Single Room Occupancy hotels (SROs) within a several block radius of West 96th Street and Broadway continues to be controversial. Homelessness continues to be visible in the area.
Subway service is at these stations:
- 96th Street, serving the 1 2 3 trains at Broadway
- 96th Street, serving the A B C trains at Central Park West
- 96th Street, serving the 4 6 <6> trains at Lexington Avenue
- 96th Street under construction, to serve the Q trains at Second Avenue
In popular culture
In the 1989 film, When Harry Met Sally... Harry and Sally are seen buying their Christmas tree from "The Plant Shed," a long-established neighborhood store on West 96th Street, near Broadway. A year later, no longer a couple, Sally is seen buying her tree there and trudging home alone with the tree dragging behind her.
- "Remarks of the Commissioners for Laying out Streets and Roads in the City of New York, under the Act of April 3, 1807", accessed May 2, 2007. "These streets are all sixty feet wide except fifteen, which are one hundred feet wide, viz.: Numbers fourteen, twenty-three, thirty-four, forty-two, fifty-seven, seventy-two, seventy-nine, eighty-six, ninety-six, one hundred and six, one hundred and sixteen, one hundred and twenty-five, one hundred and thirty-five, one hundred and forty-five, and one hundred and fifty-five—the block or space between them being in general about two hundred feet."
- "Steam" Gotham Gazette (November 10, 2003)
- McKenzie, Trista. "NYC Evacuation Zones: Bloomberg Orders 'Zone A' Residents to Evacuate" All Media NY (October 28, 2012)
- Hinds, Michael DeCourcy. "Battling to Control E. 96th Growth", The New York Times (May 13, 1984). Accessed December 5, 2007. "'East 96th Street is not just a dead piece of real estate – it is a socially important corridor,' said August Heckscher. 'With El Barrio to the north and Yorkville to the south, it could be the meeting place of two cultures, a river into which both flow.'"
- Lee, Denny. "Neighborhood Report: East Harlem: A 'Museo' Moves Away From Its Barrio Identity", The New York Times (July 21, 2002). Accessed December 5, 2007. "The neighborhood north of East 96th Street is sometimes called East Harlem or Spanish Harlem, but local Puerto Ricans affectionately call it El Barrio."
- Cohen, Joyce. "If You're Thinking of Living On/Central Park West; At Every Front Door, a Great Playground", The New York Times (September 3, 2000). Accessed December 5, 2007. "North of 96th Street, where the area is known as Manhattan Valley, the avenue turns more modest, with a mix of co-ops, condominiums and rentals."
- Nieves, Evelyn. "Manhattan Valley's Long Awaited Boom Ends Up Just a Fizzle", The New York Times (December 25, 1990). Accessed December 5, 2007. "For the last 10 years, Manhattan Valley, a quick dip between the Upper West Side and Harlem."
- "Japanese Garden Theatre" on the New York City Chapter of the American Guild of Organists website
- Duger, Celia W. "Larry Hogue Is Arrested In Westchester" New York Times (July 15, 1994)
- Caitlin Millat, Caitlin; Gendar, Alison and Standora, Leo. "The Wild Man of 96th St. Larry Hogue is back: Drug-addicted wacko flees Creedmoor Psychiatric Center" New York Daily News (May 30, 2009)
- Panero, James. "Upper West Side Madness" City Journal (August 8, 2012)
- Media related to 96th Street (Manhattan) at Wikimedia Commons