96th United States Congress

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96th United States Congress
95th ← → 97th
United States Capitol (2002)

Duration: January 3, 1979 – January 3, 1981

Senate President: Walter Mondale (D)
Senate Pres. pro tem: Warren Magnuson (D) (except December 5, 1980)
Milton Young (R) (December 5, 1980)
House Speaker: Tip O'Neil (D)
Members: 100 Senators
435 Representatives
5 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Democratic Party
House Majority: Democratic Party

1st: January 15, 1979 – January 3, 1980
2nd: January 3, 1980 – December 16, 1980

The Ninety-sixth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from January 3, 1979 to January 3, 1981, during the last two years of the administration of U.S. President Jimmy Carter.

The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the 1970 Census. Both chambers had a Democratic majority.


Major events[edit]

Main articles: 1979, 1980 and 1981

Major legislation[edit]

Party summary[edit]


Party standings on the opening day of the 96th Congress
  57 Democratic Senators
  1 Independent Senator, caucusing with Democrats
  42 Republican Senators

Total members: 100

House of Representatives[edit]

House seats by party holding plurality in state
  80.1–100% Republican
  80.1–100% Democratic
  60.1–80% Republican
  60.1–80% Democratic
  50.1–60% Republican
  50.1–60% Democratic
  striped: 50–50 split

Total members: 435



Majority (Democratic) leadership[edit]

Minority (Republican) leadership[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

Majority (Democratic) leadership[edit]

Minority (Republican) leadership[edit]


This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.


Senators are popularly elected statewide every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress.

House of Representatives[edit]

The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

Changes in Membership[edit]

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.


  • replacements: 4
  • deaths:
  • resignations: 4
  • vacancy:
  • Total seats with changes: 4
Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation
(Class 1)
Edmund Muskie
Resigned May 7, 1980 after being appointed United States Secretary of State George J. Mitchell
May 19, 1980
New Hampshire
(Class 3)
John A. Durkin
Resigned December 29, 1980 Warren Rudman
December 29, 1980
(Class 3)
Richard Stone
Resigned December 30, 1980 Paula Hawkins
January 1, 1981
(Class 3)
Donald Stewart
Resigned January 2, 1981 Jeremiah Denton
January 2, 1981

House of Representatives[edit]

  • replacements: 7
  • deaths: 1
  • resignations: 4
  • expulsion: 1
  • contested election:
  • Total seats with changes: 10
District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date successor
California 11th Vacant Rep. Leo Ryan died during previous congress William Royer (R) April 3, 1979
Wisconsin 6th Vacant Rep. William A. Steiger died during previous congress Tom Petri (R) April 3, 1979
Illinois 10th Abner J. Mikva (D) Resigned September 26, 1979 after being appoined judge of US Court of Appeals John Porter (R) January 22, 1980
Pennsylvania 11th Daniel J. Flood (D) Resigned January 31, 1980 Ray Musto (D) April 9, 1980
Louisiana 3rd Dave Treen (R) Resigned March 10, 1980 after being elected Governor of Louisiana Billy Tauzin (D) May 22, 1980
West Virginia 3rd John M. Slack, Jr. (D) Died March 17, 1980 John G. Hutchinson (D) June 30, 1980
Michigan 13th Charles Diggs (D) Resigned June 3, 1980 George W. Crockett, Jr. (D) November 4, 1980
New Mexico 2nd Harold L. Runnels (D) Died August 5, 1980 Vacant Not filled this term
Pennsylvania 1st Michael Myers (D) Expelled October 2, 1980 Vacant Not filled this term
South Carolina 6th John Jenrette (D) Resigned December 10, 1980 Vacant Not filled this term
New Jersey 4th Frank Thompson (D) Resigned December 29, 1980 after being censured by the House of Representatives Vacant Not filled this term


  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 

External links[edit]