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|974 by topic|
|Ab urbe condita||1727|
|Balinese saka calendar||895–896|
|Chinese calendar||癸酉年 (Water Rooster)|
3670 or 3610
— to —
甲戌年 (Wood Dog)
3671 or 3611
|- Vikram Samvat||1030–1031|
|- Shaka Samvat||895–896|
|- Kali Yuga||4074–4075|
|Japanese calendar||Ten'en 2|
|Minguo calendar||938 before ROC|
|Seleucid era||1285/1286 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||1516–1517|
1100 or 719 or −53
— to —
1101 or 720 or −52
- Emperor Otto II (the Red) defeats the rebel forces of King Harald I (Bluetooth) at Danevirke, who has invaded Nordalbingia (modern-day Holstein) to shake off imperial overlordship. Otto's armies swiftly subdue the Danes, consolidating the frontier between Scandinavia and Northern Germany. Meanwhile, Henry II (the Wrangler) begins an rebellion against his cousin Otto. He forges alliances with Bavarian and Saxon nobles.
- King Edgar I (the Peaceful) gives English help to Prince Hywel in ousting his uncle, King Iago of Gwynedd from his kingdom.
- A great earthquake occurs in England.
- Fall – Caliph Al-Muti dies after a 28-year reign. He is succeeded by his son At-Ta'i as the new ruler of the Abbasid Caliphate. At-Ta'i has no hold on power and becomes a prisoner in the hands of the Buyid Dynasty.
- The Qarmatians are defeated north of Cairo by Fatimid forces under General Jawhar al-Siqilli (the Sicilian). He consolidates Fatimid rule and sends a legation to the Christian land of Nubia to secure the southern border of Egypt. Arab traders introduce Islam to the population, which gradually supplants Christianity.
- An offensive, by the Spain-based Caliphate of Córdoba brings the Maghrebi Idrisid Dynasty to an end. Caliph Al-Hakam II maintains the supremacy of the caliphate over the kingdoms of Navarra, Castile and León.
- The Liao Dynasty exchanges ambassadors with the Song Dynasty on New Years Day (Spring Festival).
- The city of Fuzhou, located in Fujian province, builds new city walls.
- Summer – Pope Benedict VI is imprisoned in the Castel Sant'Angelo at Rome, where he is strangled to death through the influence of the powerful Crescentii family. Crescentius I (the Elder), Italian politician and aristocrat, engineers an election and replaces Benedict with his own candidate Franco, who ascends under the title anti-Pope Boniface VII.
- Fall – Boniface VII is expelled by order of Otto II and flees to Constantinople, taking the Church treasury of the Vatican Basilica along with him. He is succeeded by Benedict VII as the 135th pope of the Catholic Church.
- An abbey is founded at the site of Mönchengladbach (Germany).
- Bruno of Querfurt, German missionary bishop (d. 1009)
- Ermengol I, count of Urgell (d. 1010)
- Frederick, count of Walbeck (d. 1018)
- Fujiwara no Korechika, Japanese nobleman (d. 1010)
- March 7 – John of Gorze, Frankish abbot and diplomat
- Al-Muti, caliph of the Abbasid Caliphate (b. 914)
- Al-Qadi al-Nu'man, Fatimid jurist and historian
- Benedict VI, pope of the Catholic Church
- Fujiwara no Yoshitaka, Japanese waka poet (b. 954)
- Muhammad Bal'ami, Persian historian and vizier
- Ratherius (or Rathier), bishop of Verona
- Shi Chonggui, emperor of Later Jin (b. 914)
- Stratton, J.M. (1969). Agricultural Records. John Baker. ISBN 0-212-97022-4.
- Gilbert Meynier (2010). L'Algérie cœr du Maghreb classique. De l ouverture islamo-arabe au repli (658-1518. Paris: La Découverte; p. 42.
- Richard P. McBrien (2000). Lives of the Popes: The Pontiffs from St. Peter to Benedict XVI, p. 186 (Harper Collins).
- Collins, Roger (2009). Keepers of the Keys of Heaven: A History of the Papacy, Basic Books.