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|Centuries:||9th century – 10th century – 11th century|
|Decades:||950s 960s 970s – 980s – 990s 1000s 1010s|
|Years:||980 981 982 983 984 985 986 987 988 989|
|Births – Deaths – By country
Establishments – Disestablishments
This is a list of events occurring in the 980s, ordered by year.
- Otto II renounces his claim to Lorraine.
- The Viking ring castle of Trelleborg is constructed in Denmark.
- Foundation by Notger of the Prince-Bishopric of Liège which will remain an independent state inside the Holy Roman Empire for more than 800 years, and where the Walloon language will develop.
- Vladimir I of Kiev starts to rule in Russia.
- Development of Dari dialect during the royal courts of the Samanids in Central Asia which became the major language of Persia.
- Kamboja rule in Bengal is deposed by resurgent Palas.
- The Zanj Empire is founded by Ali ibn Hasan, succeeding the Kilwa Empire.
- The Viking explorer Eric the Red-haired leaves Norway to survey west of Iceland. He finds land and calls it Greenland. Hundreds of land-starved Vikings board longships and head west for this so-called "Greenland".
- The de facto ruler of Al-Andalus, al-Mansur, conquers and razes to the ground the city of Zamora, as part of his effort to seize the Christian-dominated north of the Iberian Peninsula.
- The first ever Mahamasthakabhisheka ceremony of the sacred 57 feet (17 m) high monolithic statue of Lord Bahubali, is performed.
- The Gommateshwara statue is built by Chavundaraya of the Western Ganga Dynasty in India.
- The Bulgarians invade the Byzantine Empire.
- The first commercially made shaving soap sells for 3 dirhams (0.3 dinars).
- July 13 – The Kalbids troops of the emir of Sicily defeat the imperial German army of Otto II near Crotone.
- Harald Bluetooth king of Denmark invades Norway, pillaging south-west Norway all the way to Stadt where he encounters Haakon Sigurdsson and his army and flees back to Denmark ending the invasion.
- Yelu Longxu becomes the sixth emperor of the Liao Dynasty.
- The Buyid ruler, 'Adud al-Dawla, establishes what was soon to become the most important hospital of Baghdad.
- Wood carvers commissioned by China's Song Dynasty complete a carving of the entire Buddhist canon for printing (130,000 total blocks are produced).
- The Khazar Empire ends.
- Emperor Shengzong leads a Liao Dynasty expeditionary force against the Zubu.
- One of the Four Great Books of Song, the encyclopedia Imperial Readings of the Taiping Era is completed in 1,000 volumes of 4.7 million written Chinese characters.
- Fatimid troops under the defecting Hamdanid governor of Homs, Bakjur, attack Aleppo, but are repulsed through the intervention of Byzantine troops.
- Otto III becomes King of Germany following the death of Otto II.
- Veronese donation during the diet of Verona. Otto gifted the Rheingau to the archbishopric of Mainz
- Emperor Kazan succeeds Emperor En'yū on the throne of Japan.
- The Song Dynasty Chinese engineer Qiao Wei innovates the first known use of the double-gated canal pound lock for adjusting different water levels in segments of the Grand Canal of China. This dramatically helps the passage of ships in segments with rougher waters leading slightly downhill. Qiao also has roof hangers built over the segments where double gates are installed, increasing the amount of safety for passing ships.
- Henry II, Duke of Bavaria abducts the child king Otto III.
- The settlement of Greenland is begun by the Norse.
- July 6 – Barcelona is sacked by troops of Almanzor.
- Greenland is colonized by Icelandic Viking Erik the Red (the date is according to legend but has been established as at least approximately correct – see History of Greenland).
- Lady Wulfruna founds the town that later becomes the city of Wolverhampton.
- Henry the Wrangler is restored as Duke of Bavaria.
- Rajaraja Chola I (considered by many as the greatest Emperor of the Chola Empire) becomes the Chola Emperor and brings in another golden era of Tamils and of the Chola dynasty.
- March 2 – Louis V becomes King of the Franks.
- August 17 – Byzantine–Bulgarian wars: Battle of the Gates of Trajan – The Bulgarians defeat the Byzantine Empire forces at the Gate of Trajan near modern-day Ihtiman, with Byzantine Emperor Basil II barely escaping.
- The de facto ruler of al-Andalus, al-Mansur, continues his effort in the north of the Iberian peninsula, he takes and sacks Coimbra (following which the city is said to have remained deserted for six years).
- Sweyn Forkbeard becomes King of Denmark.
- Håkon Sigurdsson of Norway defeats the Danish invasion force at the Battle of Hjörungavágr.
- Emperor Ichijō succeeds Emperor Kazan on the throne of Japan.
- March–July – The Song Dynasty sends armies on three fronts against the Liao Dynasty in the Sixteen Prefectures, but are defeated on all fronts.(Chi go Pass Compaign)
- One of the Four Great Books of Song, the Chinese encyclopedia Finest Blossoms in the Garden of Literature is finished in this year, with a total of 1,000 volumes representing the work of some 2,200 authors.
- The Zirids fail to reconquer the western part of the Maghrib which they have recently lost to the Umayyads.
- July 3 - Hugh Capet, Count of Paris, is crowned King of France.
- In Portugal, al-Mansur takes Coimbra, lost to the Christians in 904. The renewed domination of the central andalusian authorities on the north of the Gharb al-Andalus, leads to the submission of the Christian counts of Portugal to Cordoba. But it also illustrate the limited ability of the Muslims to repopulate or at least govern directly these remote areas.
- The population of Bari revolts against the Byzantines.
- The offensive of al-Mansur against the Christian kingdoms continues. He attacks the heart of the kingdom of León. The king Bermudo II has to escape to Zamora, the city of León resists four days but is taken, sacked and burned, Zamora has to surrender and the king must flee to Galicia.
- Dublin, Ireland is founded
- The city of Odense, Denmark is founded
- Kievan Rus' accepts Christianity
- Rus'–Byzantine War
- Borrell II, Count of Barcelona not renewed allegiance to the French king Hugh Capet: he became de facto independent count and start minting its own currency, this will confirm the independence of the treaty legally Corbeil (1258). This event is considered as the symbolic birth of Catalonia.
- The Liao Dynasty adopts civil service examinations in the Southern Chancellery based on Tang Dynasty models.
- Repairs are made on the Hagia Sophia.
- September – Halley's Comet is at perihelion.
- "Islamic Culture and the Medical Arts _ Hospitals". Retrieved 8 November 2011.
- Boissonade, B. "Les premières croisades françaises en Espagne. Normands, Gascons, Aquitains et Bourguignons (1018-1032)". Bulletin Hispanique 36 (1): 5–28. doi:10.3406/hispa.1934.2607.
- Gilbert Meynier (2010) L'Algérie cœur du Maghreb classique. De l'ouverture islamo-arabe au repli (658-1518). Paris: La Découverte; pp.45.
- Picard, Christophe (2000). Le Portugal musulman (VIIIe-XIIIe siècle0. L'Occident d'al-Andalus sous domination islamique. Paris: Maisonneuve & Larose. p. 109. ISBN 2-7068-1398-9.
- France, John (1991). "The occasion of the coming of the Normans to southern Italy". Journal of Medieval History 17 (1): 183–203. doi:10.1016/0304-4181(91)90033-H.