98th Expeditionary Air Refueling Squadron

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98th Expeditionary Air Refueling Squadron
Active 1942–1943; 1944–1946; 1950–1952; 1952–1953; 1954–1963; 1994–1998
Country United States
Branch  United States Air Force
Role Air Refueling
Insignia
98th Air Refueling Squadron emblem (approved 11 August 1955) 98th Air Refueling Squadron.PNG
398th Bombardment Squadron, Very Heavy emblem (approved 20 September 1944)[1] 398th Bomb Squadron Emblem.png

The 98th Air Refueling Squadron is an inactive United States Air Force unit. Its last assignment was with the 92d Operations Group at Fairchild Air Force Base, Washington, where it was inactivated on 1 July 1998.

History[edit]

Established in January 1942 as North American B-25 Mitchell medium bomber Operational Training Unit for Third Air Force. Became B-26 Marauder OTU in June 1942, also flew antisubmarine patrols over the Gulf of Mexico.[2]

B-29 Superfortress operations against Japan[edit]

Reactivated in March 1944 as a Boeing B-29 Superfortress Very Heavy bombardment squadron. When training was completed moved to North Field (Tinian) in the Mariana Islands of the Central Pacific Area in January 1945 and assigned to XXI Bomber Command, Twentieth Air Force. Its mission was the strategic bombardment of the Japanese Home Islands and the destruction of its war-making capability.

Flew "shakedown" missions against Japanese targets on Moen Island, Truk, and other points in the Caroline Islands and Marianas. The squadron began combat missions over Japan on 25 February 1945 with a firebombing mission over Northeast Tokyo. The squadron continued to participate in wide area firebombing attack, but the first ten-day blitz resulting in the Army Air Forces running out of incendiary bombs. Until then the squadron flew conventional strategic bombing missions using high explosive bombs.

The squadron continued attacking urban areas with incendiary raids until the end of the war in August 1945, attacking major Japanese cities, causing massive destruction of urbanized areas. Also conducted raids against strategic objectives, bombing aircraft factories, chemical plants, oil refineries, and other targets in Japan. The squadron flew its last combat missions on 14 August when hostilities ended. Afterwards, its B 29s carried relief supplies to Allied prisoner of war camps in Japan and Manchuria.

Squadron was largely demobilized on Tinian during the fall of 1945. Remained in Western Pacific, assigned to Twentieth Air Force. Moved to Clark Field in the Philippines in March 1946. Inactivated at Clark Field on Luzon on 15 June 1946; its low-hour aircraft flown to storage depots in the United States.

United States Air Force[edit]

On 16 August 1950 the 98th Air Refueling Squadron was activated at Spokane Air Force Base, Washington and assigned to the 98th Bombardment Group, Medium while flying the KB-29. It was inactivated on 8 April 1952, but activated the same day at MacDill Air Force Base, Florida where it was attached to the 6th Air Division. It remained at MacDill until November 1953, when it moved to Lake Charles Air Force Base, Louisiana, where it was inactivated and its personnel and Boeing KC-97 Stratotankers were used to form the 68th Air Refueling Squadron.

The 98th Air Refueling Squadron was activated again at Lincoln Air Force Base, Nebraska when the 98th wing returned from the Far East in 1954. Made up of former members of the 55th Air Refueling Squadron from Forbes Air Force Base, Kansas. Inactivated in 1963 when Strategic Air Command's medium strategic bomber forces began to be drawn down in favor of ICBMs. In 1985 the 98th was consolidated with the two 398th Bombardment Squadrons.[3] It was redesignated the 98th Air Refueling Squadron, Heavy on 19 September 1986 and then renamed the 98th Air Refueling Squadron on 1 April 1994 at Fairchild Air Force Base, Washington, flying KC-135T Stratotanker aircraft. The 98th was again inactivated in 1998 as the Air Force drew down after the end of the Cold War.

In 2002 the squadron was converted to provisional status and redesignated the 98th Expeditionary Air Refueling Squadron and assigned to Air Mobility Command to activate or inactivate as needed.

Operations and decorations[edit]

  • Combat Operations: Antisubmarine patrols in the Gulf of Mexico, 8 June 1942 and 31 Jul-8 Aug 1942. Combat in Western Pacific, 16 Jun-14 Aug 1945.
  • Campaigns: World War II: Antisubmarine, American Theater; Air Offensive, Japan; Eastern Mandates; Western Pacific.
  • Decorations: Distinguished Unit Citations: Yokahoma, Japan, 28 May 1945; Japan and Korea, 27 Jul-14 Aug 1945.

Lineage[edit]

398th Bombardment Squadron (Medium)

  • Constituted as the 8th Reconnaissance Squadron (Medium) on 13 January 1942
Activated on 1 February 1942
Redesignated 398th Bombardment Squadron (Medium) on 22 April 1942
Disbanded on 10 October 1943[2]
  • Consolidated on 19 September 1985 with the 398th Bombardment Squadron, Very Heavy and the 98th Air Refueling Squadron as the 98th Air Refueling Squadron[3]

398th Bombardment Squadron, Very Heavy

  • Constituted as the 398th Bombardment Squadron, Very Heavy on 28 February 1944
Activated on 11 March 1944
Inactivated on 15 June 1946[1]
  • Consolidated on 19 September 1985 with the 398th Bombardment Squadron, Very Heavy and the 98th Air Refueling Squadron as the 98th Air Refueling Squadron[3]

98th Air Refueling Squadron

  • Constituted as the 98th Air Refueling Squadron, Medium on 1 August 1950
Activated on 16 August 1950
Inactivated on 8 April 1952
  • Activated on 8 April 1952
Inactivated on 25 November 1953
  • Activated on 18 February 1954
Inactivated on 7 January 1963
  • Consolidated on 19 September 1985 with the 398th Bombardment Squadron (Medium) and the 398th Bombardment Squadron, Very Heavy[3]
  • Redesignated 98th Air Refueling Squadron, Heavy on 19 September 1986 (remained inactive)
  • Redesignated 98th Air Refueling Squadron on 1 April 1994 and activated
Inactivated on 30 September 1998
  • Redesignated 98th Expeditionary Air Refueling Squadron on 12 June 2002

Assignments[edit]

  • 21st Bombardment Group, attached 1 February 1942, and assigned 22 April 1942 – 10 October 1943[2]
  • 504th Bombardment Group, 11 March 1944 – 15 June 1946[1]
  • 98th Bombardment Group, 16 August 1950 – 8 April 1952 (attached to 98th Bombardment Wing after 14 February 1951
  • 98th Bombardment Group, 8 April 1952 (attached to 6th Air Division)
  • 98th Bombardment Wing, 16 June 1952 (attached to 6th Air Division)
  • 6th Air Division, 1 July 1953
  • 806th Air Division, 22 November 1953 – 25 November 1953[4]
  • 98th Bombardment Wing, 18 February 1954 – 15 April 1964
  • 92d Wing (later 92d Air Refueling Wing), 1 April 1994 – 30 September 1998
  • Air Mobility Command to activate or inactivate as needed after 12 June 2002

Stations[edit]

Aircraft[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 488–489
  2. ^ a b c d e Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 488
  3. ^ a b c d Department of the Air Force/MPM Letter 662q, 19 September 85, Subject: Reconstitution, Redesignation, and Consolidation of Selected Air Force Tactical Squadrons
  4. ^ "Factsheet 806 Air Division". Air Force Historical Research Agency. 10 November 2007. Archived from the original on 30 October 2012. Retrieved 22 March 2014. 

Bibliography[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.

External links[edit]