99 BC

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Millennium: 1st millennium BC
99 BC in various calendars
Gregorian calendar99 BC
Ab urbe condita655
Ancient Egypt eraXXXIII dynasty, 225
- PharaohPtolemy X Alexander, 9
Ancient Greek era170th Olympiad, year 2
Assyrian calendar4652
Balinese saka calendarN/A
Bengali calendar−691
Berber calendar852
Buddhist calendar446
Burmese calendar−736
Byzantine calendar5410–5411
Chinese calendar辛巳年 (Metal Snake)
2598 or 2538
    — to —
壬午年 (Water Horse)
2599 or 2539
Coptic calendar−382 – −381
Discordian calendar1068
Ethiopian calendar−106 – −105
Hebrew calendar3662–3663
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat−42 – −41
 - Shaka SamvatN/A
 - Kali Yuga3002–3003
Holocene calendar9902
Iranian calendar720 BP – 719 BP
Islamic calendar742 BH – 741 BH
Javanese calendarN/A
Julian calendarN/A
Korean calendar2235
Minguo calendar2010 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−1566
Seleucid era213/214 AG
Thai solar calendar444–445
Tibetan calendar阴金蛇年
(female Iron-Snake)
28 or −353 or −1125
    — to —
(male Water-Horse)
29 or −352 or −1124

Year 99 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Antonius and Albinus (or, less frequently, year 655 Ab urbe condita) and the Second Year of Tianhan. The denomination 99 BC for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.


By place[edit]

Roman Republic[edit]


  • The Han general Li Guangli marches west from Jiuquan with 30,000 cavalrymen to attack the Tuqi King of the Right in the Tian Shan Mountains. After an initial victory, the Han are surrounded, and they lose more than 20,000 men while breaking out of the encirclement.
  • The Han generals Lu Bode and Gongsun Ao march into the Zhuoxie Mountains, but they encounter no Xiongnu forces and turn back.[1]
  • Autumn - The Han general Li Ling leads 5000 crack infantry and a cavalry force from Juyan Lake into the eastern Altay Mountains but is pursued by Qiedihou Chanyu. After a desperate fighting retreat across more than 500km of Xiongnu territory, the Han expedition runs out of arrows. Li Ling surrenders and his force disintegrates in the Tihan Mountains, about 50km from the Great Wall of China.
  • Emperor Wu of Han has the 'Grand Historian' Sima Qian castrated after the latter argues in defense of Li Ling's surrender.[2]




  1. ^ Hung, Hing Ming (2020). The Magnificent Emperor Wu: China's Han Dynasty. pp. 208–209. ISBN 978-1628944167.
  2. ^ Hung, Hing Ming (2020). The Magnificent Emperor Wu: China's Han Dynasty. pp. 213–218. ISBN 978-1628944167.