9M113 Konkurs

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9M113 Konkurs
Flickr - Israel Defense Forces - Russian-Made Missile Found in Hezbollah Hands.jpg
9M113 Konkurs missile
Type Anti-tank missile
Place of origin Soviet Union
Service history
In service 1974–present
Used by See operators
Wars Syrian Civil War[1]
Ukraine Crisis
War in Donbass[2]
Yemeni Civil War (2015-present)
Saudi-led intervention in Yemen (2015-present)
Conflict in Najran, Jizan and Asir
Production history
Designed 1970
Manufacturer Tula Machinery Design Bureau (Tula KBP)Tulsky Oruzheiny Zavod
Variants 9M113M
Specifications
Weight 14.6 kg (32 lb)
Length 1,150 mm (45 in)
875 mm (34.4 in) without gas generator
Diameter 135 mm (5.3 in)
Warhead 2.7 kg (6.0 lb) 9N131 HEAT
Detonation
mechanism
Contact

Engine Solid-fuel rocket
Wingspan 468 mm (18.4 in)
Operational
range
70 m (230 ft) to 4 km (2.5 mi)
Flight ceiling -
Speed 200 m/s (660 ft/s)
Guidance
system
Wire-guided SACLOS
Steering
system
Two control surfaces
Launch
platform
Individual, vehicle

The 9M113 Konkurs (Russian: 9М113 «Конкурс»; cognate of French: Concours; English: "Contest") is a SACLOS wire-guided anti-tank missile of the Soviet Union. "9M113" is the GRAU designation of the missile. Its NATO reporting name is AT-5 Spandrel.

Development[edit]

The 9M113 Konkurs was developed by the Tula Machinery Design Bureau (Tula KBP). Development began with the aim of producing the next generation of SACLOS anti-tank missiles, for use in both the man-portable role and the tank destroyer role. The 9M113 Konkurs was developed alongside the 9M111; the missiles use similar technology, differing only in size. The warhead penetration is 400 mm vs rolled homogeneous armour (RHA).

The missile entered service in 1974. Iran began producing a copy, the Tosan (not to be confused with the Toophan), sometime around 2000.[3][4]

Description[edit]

9M113 Konkurs launching rails on the top of 9P148 vehicle
9P148 launching vehicle on BRDM-2 base for 9M113 Konkurs

The missile is designed to be fired from vehicles, although it can also be fired from the later models of 9M111 launchers. It is an integral part of the BMP-2, BMD-2 and BRDM-2 vehicles. The missile is stored and carried in a fiberglass container/launch tube.

The system uses a gas generator to push the missile out of the launch tube. The gas also exits from the rear of the launch tube in a similar manner to a recoilless rifle. The missile leaves the launch tube at 80 meters per second, and is quickly accelerated to 200 meters per second by its solid fuel motor. This initial high speed reduces the missile's deadzone, since it can be launched directly at the target, rather than in an upward arc. In flight, the missile spins at between five and seven revolutions per second.

The launcher tracks the position of an incandescent infrared bulb on the back of the missile relative to the target and transmits appropriate commands to the missile via a thin wire that trails behind the missile. The system has an alarm that activates when it detects jamming from a system like Shtora. The operator can then take manual control, reducing the missile to MCLOS. The SACLOS guidance system has many benefits over MCLOS. The system's accuracy is quoted in some sources as 90%, though its performance is probably comparable to the BGM-71 TOW or later SACLOS versions of the 9K11 Malyutka.

Models[edit]

  • 9M113 Konkurs (NATO: AT-5 Spandrel, AT-5A Spandrel A)
  • 9M113M Konkurs-M (NATO: AT-5B Spandrel B) Tandem warhead – with extended explosive probe. The warhead penetration is 750–800 mm vs RHA. Adopted in 1991.[5] Missile 9M113M 1990. Fagot/Kornet. Tandem (800 mm (behind a layer of ERA)). 4000 m (3500 m night (passive)). Low price.[5][6]
  • Tosan Iranian-built missile[3]
  • 9N131M1 - Upgraded version.[7]
  • 9N131M2-1 - The newest upgraded version.[7]

Operators[edit]

Map with 9M113 operators in blue with former operators in red
Romanian 9P148 Konkurs launching a missile during a military exercise

Current operators[edit]

Former operators[edit]

  •  East Germany – produced in licence, passed on to Germany, and later phased out of service.
  •  Czechoslovakia – produced in licence, passed on to successor states.
  •  Soviet Union – Passed on to successor states.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ld9Th3Ivfss
  2. ^ http://armamentresearch.com/introduction-to-the-9m113-konkurs-atgm/
  3. ^ a b http://modlex.ir/cgi-bin/store.pl/page=product.html/pid=MXF05-000060[dead link]
  4. ^ Chistopher F. Foss, Jane's Defense Week, Another ATGW for IranAnother ATGW for Iran at the Wayback Machine (archived December 5, 2004)
  5. ^ a b http://rbase.new-factoria.ru/missile/wobb/concursm/concursm.shtml
  6. ^ https://topwar.ru/12830-9m113m-protivotankovaya-upravlyaemaya-raketa.html
  7. ^ a b Introduction to the 9M113 Konkurs ATGM - Armamentresearch.com, 28 July 2016
  8. ^ [1]
  9. ^ http://www.army-technology.com/projects/kornet/[unreliable source?]
  10. ^ Old missiles not so old after all[permanent dead link]Russia Today, October 12, 2011.[dead link]
  11. ^ Bojevo gađanje polaznika SVO u Pješačkoj pukovniji, Croatian Ministry of Defence, February 29, 2012 
  12. ^ Georgian Land Forces October 12, 2008.
  13. ^ Pandit, Rajat (August 17, 2010), "India to order large number of Javelin anti-tank missiles from US", Times of India 
  14. ^ Pandit, Rajat (Jan 27, 2009), "India goes for 'urgent' purchase of anti-tank missiles", Times of India 
  15. ^ "CCS Clears USD 250 Million Konkur Missiles for Army". DefenceNow. 2012-10-26. Archived from the original on 2012-11-05. 
  16. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eJjobBUgD1U
  17. ^ http://vpk-news.ru/news/22778
  18. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=73lXYSRFKfE
  19. ^ https://warisboring.com/iranian-tow-missile-knockoffs-spread-to-war-zones-45b9c0ea44e2#.bnf2h0sjs
  20. ^ http://www.defenddemocracy.org/media-hit/behnam-ben-taleblu-discerning-irans-role-in-expanding-houthi-rocket-capabilities/
  21. ^ http://armamentresearch.com/saudi-led-coalition-seizes-iranian-arms-en-route-to-yemen/
  22. ^ http://foxtrotalpha.jalopnik.com/houthi-rebels-destroy-m1-abrams-tanks-with-basic-irania-1726478735

Sources[edit]

  • Hull, A.W., Markov, D.R., Zaloga, S.J. (1999). Soviet/Russian Armor and Artillery Design Practices 1945 to Present. Darlington Productions. ISBN 1-892848-01-5.

External links[edit]