9 cm Minenwerfer M 17

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9 cm Minenwerfer M 17
9 cm Minenwerfer M 17.JPG
Type Light trench mortar
Place of origin Austria-Hungary
Service history
In service 1917–1918
Used by Austria-Hungary
Czechoslovakia
Wars World War I
Production history
Designer Hungarian Gun Factory
Manufacturer Hungarian Gun Factory
Produced 1917–1918
Specifications
Weight 114 kilograms (251 lb)
Barrel length 81 cm (2 ft 8 in) L/9[1]

Shell weight 6.2 kg (13 lb 11 oz)
Caliber 91.5 mm (3.60 in)
Elevation +45° to +70°
Traverse 120°[1]
Effective firing range 300 m (330 yd)
Maximum firing range 1.9 km (1.2 mi)[1]

The 9 cm Minenwerfer M 17 (Trench mortar) was a medium mortar used by Austria-Hungary in World War I. It was developed by the Hungarian Gun Factory to meet a competition held on 3 October 1917 to replace both of the earlier light mortars, the M 14/16 and the Lanz. Production was slow to ramp up and only ten weapons could be delivered in January 1918. The first large deliveries were made in March 1918, but the raw materials crisis and strained production facilities hindered the TMK's plan to produce 2730 mortars by October 1918.

It was a breech-loading smooth-bore weapon that used a shotgun-like break-action to open the breech. This was arranged so that the barrel returned to the proper elevation to speed up the rate of fire. The carriage was mounted on a small metal rectangular firing platform with four carrying handles that permitted some amount of traverse.

In Czech service the mortar was known as the 9 cm Lehky minomet vz. 17 and the German designation for captured Yugoslav mortars was 9cm Granatwerfer 309(j). Although still active in the Czech armory at the time of the German takeover there are no records of the Germans using it.[1]

References[edit]

  • Ortner, M. Christian. The Austro-Hungarian Artillery From 1867 to 1918: Technology, Organization, and Tactics. Vienna, Verlag Militaria, 2007 ISBN 978-3-902526-13-7
  1. ^ a b c d Chamberlain, Peter (1975). Mortars and rockets. Gander, Terry. New York: Arco Pub. Co. p. 3. ISBN 0668038179. OCLC 2067459.