9 to 5 (Dolly Parton song)
|"9 to 5"|
|Single by Dolly Parton|
|from the album 9 to 5 and Odd Jobs|
|B-side||"Sing for the Common Man"|
|Released||November 29, 1980|
|Recorded||RCA Studios, Nashville; 1980|
|Dolly Parton singles chronology|
"9 to 5" is a song written and originally performed by American country music entertainer Dolly Parton for the 1980 comedy film of the same name. In addition to appearing on the film soundtrack, the song was the centerpiece of Parton's 9 to 5 and Odd Jobs album, released in late 1980. The song was released as a single in November 1980.
The song garnered Parton an Academy Award nomination and four Grammy Award nominations, winning her the awards for "Best Country Song" and "Best Country Vocal Performance, Female". For a time, the song became something of an anthem for office workers in the U.S., and in 2004, Parton's song ranked number 78 on American Film Institute's "100 years, 100 songs".
The song was accompanied by a music video that featured footage of Parton and her band performing, intercut with clips from the film.
The song 9 to 5 was written for the comedy film 9 to 5, starring Jane Fonda, Lily Tomlin, and Parton in her film debut. The song—and film—owe their titles to an organization founded in 1973 with the aim of bringing about better treatment for women in the workplace.
The song is also featured in a musical theater adaptation of the film, featuring a book by the film's original writer, Patricia Resnick, and 20 additional songs written by Dolly Parton. 9 to 5 began previews in Los Angeles on September 9, 2008, and played on Broadway at the Marquis Theatre from April until September 2009 before touring. In 2012, a UK theatre tour of "9 to 5" got underway.
A few months before Parton's song and the film, Scottish singer Sheena Easton released a single called "9 to 5" in the UK. When Easton's song was released in the U.S. the following year it was renamed "Morning Train (Nine to Five)" to avoid confusion. Easton's single reached the number one spot on the Billboard Hot 100 Chart three months after Parton's song left that spot. Despite similar titles, the two songs are different in lyrical themes. While Parton's song features an empowered (if challenged) working woman, Easton's song features a passive, love-struck woman waiting around at home all day for her lover to return from work.
Although the Parton recording only reached No. 47 in the UK, it remains a popular song on radio and in nightclubs through Britain and was spliced between "Independent Women Part 1" by Destiny's Child and "Eple" by Röyksopp for the Soulwax album As Heard on Radio Soulwax Pt. 2.
The song reached number one on the Billboard Country Chart in January 1981. In February 1981, it went to number one on both the Billboard Hot 100 and the Adult Contemporary chart, respectively. It became her first No.1 entry on the former. The song was certified Gold in February 19, 1981, indicating shipment 500,000 of physical copies. It was certified Platinum on September 25, 2017. It has accrued 491,000 digital downloads as of January 2019 in the United States since becoming available for download in the 21st century.
It peaked at No. 47 in the UK singles chart in 1981. The song has sold 303,511 digital copies in the UK as of July 2014[update]. As of 2017[update] it is Dolly's biggest download in the UK, totaling 340,800, while it's also been streamed 8.46 million times.
This song is one of the few Billboard chart songs to feature the clacking of a typewriter. Parton has stated in a number of interviews that when she wrote the song, she devised the clacking typewriter rhythm by running her acrylic fingernails back and forth against one another.
With "9 to 5", Parton became only the second woman to top both the U.S. country singles chart and the Billboard Hot 100 with the same single (the first being Jeannie C. Riley, who had done so with "Harper Valley PTA" in 1968).
This song is the 500th song to top the Billboard Hot 100.
- Dolly Parton - vocals & nails
- Jeff Baxter, Marty Walsh - guitars
- Abraham LaBoriel - bass
- Larry Knechtel - piano
- Richard Schlosser - drums
- Leonard Castro - percussion
- William Reichenbach - trombone
- Tom Salviano - saxophone
- Kim S. Hutchroft - baritone saxophone
- Jerry Hey - trumpet
- Denise Maynelli, Stephanie Spruill, Marti McCall - background vocals
- Denise Maynelli DeCaro - vocal contractor
Charts and certifications
- 1970-, Edwards, Leigh H.,. Dolly Parton, gender, and country music. Bloomington. ISBN 9780253031549. OCLC 981116971.
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- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-04-07. Retrieved 2013-08-17.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link) CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
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- "Austriancharts.at – Dolly Parton – 9 To 5" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40. Retrieved 2018-01-18.
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- "Dolly Parton Chart History (Adult Contemporary)". Billboard.
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- "Offiziellecharts.de – Dolly Parton – 9 To 5". GfK Entertainment Charts. Retrieved 2018-01-18.
- "Item Display - RPM - Library and Archives Canada". Collectionscanada.gc.ca. Retrieved 2016-10-16.
- "Top 100 Hits of 1981/Top 100 Songs of 1981". Musicoutfitters.com. Retrieved 2016-10-16.
- "Canadian single certifications – Dolly Parton – 9 to 5". Music Canada.
- "Danish single certifications – Dolly Parton – 9 to 5". IFPI Denmark. Retrieved 12 February 2019. Scroll through the page-list below until year 2019 to obtain certification.
- "British single certifications – Dolly Parton – 9 to 5". British Phonographic Industry. Select singles in the Format field. Select Platinum in the Certification field. Type 9 to 5 in the "Search BPI Awards" field and then press Enter.