9th Guards Motor Rifle Division

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22nd Tank Corps (1942)
5th Mechanized Corps (1942-1944)
9th Guards Mechanized Corps (1944-1945)
9th Guards Mechanized Division (1945-1957)
9th Guards Motor Rifle Division (1957-1958)
Soviet Guards Order.png
Active 1942–58
Country Soviet Union
Branch Soviet Ground Forces
Type Mechanized infantry
Role Armored warfare
Size Division, Mechanized Corps
Engagements World War II
Cold War
Decorations

Order of the Red Banner Order of the Red Banner

Order of Suvorov 2nd Class Order of Suvorov
Battle honours

Dniester

Rymnik

The 9th Guards Motor Rifle Division was a Soviet Army unit initially formed as a tank corps in April 1942. In the same year, it was then formed as a mechanized corps in November 1942.[2] This unit then became a Guards mechanized corps in September 1944. Following World War II, the corps were reorganized as a mechanized division in 1945 and then a motor rifle division in 1957 before being disbanded in 1958.

History[edit]

World War II[edit]

The unit formed as the 22nd Tank Corps on 3 April 1942 and was subordinated to the 38th and 4th Tank Armies of the Southwestern and Stalingrad Fronts. In September 1942, following heavy losses around Kalach,[3] the corps moved into the Reserve of the Supreme High Command (Stavka reserve) and was reorganized as the second instance (formation) of the 5th Mechanized Corps. During 1943, the 5th Mechanized Corps was mainly assigned as a Stavka reserve asset or as a reserve of the Western Front. The corps was assigned to the 6th Tank Army in February 1944 and achieved Guards status on 12 September 1944,[4] being retitled as the 9th Guards Mechanized Corps. As such, the corps remained with the 6th Guards Tank Army for the remainder of the war in Europe, and was then transferred with its parent army to the far east, seeing action against Japanese forces under the direction of the Transbaikal Front.

The corps was in combat near Kalach in 1942, Smolensk and Lenino in 1943, Korsun and Iasi-Kishinev in 1944, and at Budapest and Vienna in 1945, as well as fighting in the Manchurian Operation in September 1945.[5]

The 9th Guards Mechanized Corps was notable for its use of U.S. lend-lease M4 Sherman tanks during 1944-45.[6]

Postwar[edit]

In October 1945, the corps, like all Soviet mechanized corps, was reorganized into a division, the 9th Guards Mechanized Division. It was stationed at Yasnaya, part of the Transbaikal Military District's 6th Guards Tank Army.[7] The division included the 18th, 30th, and 31st Guards Mechanized Regiments, and the 46th and 111th Guards Tank Regiments.[1] On 4 June 1957, the division became the 9th Guards Motor Rifle Division at Sainshand, Mongolia.[8] The division was disbanded on 1 November 1958.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Feskov et al 2013, p. 207.
  2. ^ Glantz (Companion), p. 89 and 93.
  3. ^ Erickson, p. 369.
  4. ^ Glantz (Companion), p. 93.
  5. ^ Poirier, p. 105, 126, and 146.
  6. ^ english.iremember.ru
  7. ^ Feskov et al 2013, p. 485.
  8. ^ Feskov et al 2013, p. 204.
  9. ^ Feskov et al 2013, p. 162.
  • Erickson, John. The Road to Stalingrad, Yale University Press, 1995
  • Feskov, V.I.; Golikov, V.I.; Kalashnikov, K.A.; Slugin, S.A. (2013). Вооруженные силы СССР после Второй Мировой войны: от Красной Армии к Советской [The Armed Forces of the USSR after World War II: From the Red Army to the Soviet: Part 1 Land Forces] (in Russian). Tomsk: Scientific and Technical Literature Publishing. ISBN 9785895035306. 
  • Glantz, David, Companion to Colussus Reborn, University Press of Kansas, 2005.
  • Poirier, Robert G., and Conner, Albert Z., The Red Army Order of Battle in the Great Patriotic War, Presidio Press, 1985.