9th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom)

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9th Infantry Brigade
Active1914-1918
1939-1945
Country United Kingdom
Branch British Army
TypeInfantry
RoleInfantry brigade
SizeBrigade
Part of3rd Infantry Division
EngagementsFirst World War
Second World War
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Bernard Montgomery
Brian Horrocks

The 9th Infantry Brigade was a Regular Army infantry brigade of the British Army that saw active service during both the First and Second World Wars.

History[edit]

Second Boer War[edit]

A 9th Infantry brigade was formed during the Second Boer War, under the command of Major-General Reginald Pole-Carew from November 1899 until February 1900.[1] They took part in the Battle of Modder River on 28 November 1899, as part of a force sent to relieve the Siege of Kimberley. A battalion of the Yorkshire Light Infantry served in the brigade.[2]

First World War[edit]

During the First World War, 9th Brigade's composition was as follows:[3]

The brigade served with the 3rd Division throughout the war, except for a brief a period in early 1915 when it exchanged places with the 85th Brigade of 28th Division.

Second World War[edit]

General Sir Bernard Montgomery standing on the bonnet of a jeep speaking to troops of 2nd Battalion, Royal Ulster Rifles, after carrying out an inspection of the battalion near Portsmouth in the run-up to D-Day. The battalion had previously served in his division earlier in the war.

The 9th Infantry Brigade together with 7th Infantry Brigade and 8th Infantry Brigade formed the 3rd Infantry Division, which, at the outbreak of the Second World War in September 1939, was commanded by Major-General Bernard Montgomery. With the division the brigade was sent to France in October 1939, shortly after the outbreak of war, as part of the British Expeditionary Force, which evacuated from Dunkirk. After the evacuation, the Brigade spent four years training in the UK, in preparation for an eventual assault landing in Europe. The 3rd Infantry Division was the first British division to land at Sword on D-Day and fought through the Battle of Normandy, the Netherlands and later the invasion of Germany. During the often intense fighting from Sword to Bremen, the Division suffered 2,586 killed.[4]

The brigade comprised:[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "No. 27156". The London Gazette. 23 January 1900. p. 430.
  2. ^ "No. 27174". The London Gazette. 16 March 1900. pp. 1785–1788.
  3. ^ Baker, Chris. "The 3rd Division in 1914-1918". The Long, Long Trail. Retrieved 10 July 2014.
  4. ^ Delaforce, Patrick (1995). Monty's Iron Sides. Stroud, Gloucestershire: Allan Sutton Publishing. p. 206. ISBN 0-7509-0781-9.
  5. ^ Joslen, p. 247

Sources[edit]

  • Joslen, Lt-Col H.F. (2003) [1960]. Orders of Battle: Second World War, 1939–1945. Uckfield: Naval and Military Press. ISBN 978-1-84342-474-1.