9th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom)
|9th Infantry Brigade|
|Part of||3rd Infantry Division|
|Engagements||First World War|
Second World War
Second Boer War
A 9th Infantry brigade was formed during the Second Boer War, under the command of Major-General Reginald Pole-Carew from November 1899 until February 1900. They took part in the Battle of Modder River on 28 November 1899, as part of a force sent to relieve the Siege of Kimberley. A battalion of the Yorkshire Light Infantry served in the brigade.
First World War
- 1st Battalion, Northumberland Fusiliers
- 4th Battalion, Royal Fusiliers
- 1st Battalion, Lincolnshire Regiment (until November 1915)
- 1st Battalion, Royal Scots Fusiliers (until April 1916, then to 8th Brigade)
- 1/10th (Scottish) Battalion, King's (Liverpool Regiment) (from November 1914 to January 1916)
- 12th (Service) Battalion, West Yorkshire Regiment (from November 1915 to February 1918)
- 13th (Service) Battalion, King's (Liverpool Regiment) (joined from 8th Brigade in April 1916)
- 9th Brigade Machine Gun Company (formed in February 1916, joined the 3rd MG Battalion, Machine Gun Corps in March 1918)
- 9th Trench Mortar Battery (joined by May 1916)
Second World War
The 9th Infantry Brigade together with 7th Infantry Brigade and 8th Infantry Brigade formed the 3rd Infantry Division, which, at the outbreak of the Second World War in September 1939, was commanded by Major-General Bernard Montgomery. With the division the brigade was sent to France in October 1939, shortly after the outbreak of war, as part of the British Expeditionary Force, which evacuated from Dunkirk. After the evacuation, the Brigade spent four years training in the UK, in preparation for an eventual assault landing in Europe. The 3rd Infantry Division was the first British division to land at Sword on D-Day and fought through the Battle of Normandy, the Netherlands and later the invasion of Germany. During the often intense fighting from Sword to Bremen, the Division suffered 2,586 killed.
The brigade comprised:
- 2nd Battalion, Lincolnshire Regiment
- 1st Battalion, King's Own Scottish Borderers
- 2nd Battalion, Royal Ulster Rifles
- "No. 27156". The London Gazette. 23 January 1900. p. 430.
- "No. 27174". The London Gazette. 16 March 1900. pp. 1785–1788.
- Baker, Chris. "The 3rd Division in 1914-1918". The Long, Long Trail. Retrieved 10 July 2014.
- Delaforce, Patrick (1995). Monty's Iron Sides. Stroud, Gloucestershire: Allan Sutton Publishing. p. 206. ISBN 0-7509-0781-9.
- Joslen, p. 247