9th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom)

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9th Infantry Brigade
Country United Kingdom
Branch British Army
RoleInfantry brigade
Part of3rd Infantry Division
EngagementsFirst World War
Second World War
Bernard Montgomery
Brian Horrocks
Abbreviation9th Inf Bde

The 9th Infantry Brigade was a Regular Army infantry brigade of the British Army that saw active service during both the First and Second World Wars.


Anglo-Russian invasion of Holland[edit]

A 9th Infantry Brigade was formed in 1799 for the Anglo-Russian invasion of Holland, and was commanded by Major-General Robert Manners. It comprised:

The brigade took part in the clash at Zijpersluis [nl] on 10 September 1799, the Battle of Bergen on 19 September, the Battle of Egmond aan Zee on 2 October and the Battle of Castricum on 6 October.[1]

Second Boer War[edit]

A 9th Infantry brigade was formed during the Second Boer War, under the command of Major-General Reginald Pole-Carew from November 1899 until February 1900.[2] They took part in the Battle of Modder River on 28 November 1899, as part of a force sent to relieve the Siege of Kimberley. A battalion of the Yorkshire Light Infantry served in the brigade.[3]

First World War[edit]

During the First World War, 9th Brigade's composition was as follows:[4]

The brigade served with the 3rd Division throughout the war, except for a brief a period in early 1915 when it exchanged places with the 85th Brigade of 28th Division.

Second World War[edit]

General Sir Bernard Montgomery standing on the bonnet of a jeep speaking to troops of 2nd Battalion, Royal Ulster Rifles, after carrying out an inspection of the battalion near Portsmouth in the run-up to D-Day. The battalion had previously served in his division earlier in the war.

The 9th Infantry Brigade together with 7th Infantry Brigade and 8th Infantry Brigade formed the 3rd Infantry Division, which, at the outbreak of the Second World War in September 1939, was commanded by Major-General Bernard Montgomery. With the division the brigade was sent to France in October 1939, shortly after the outbreak of war, as part of the British Expeditionary Force, which evacuated from Dunkirk. After the evacuation, the Brigade spent four years training in the UK, in preparation for an eventual assault landing in Europe. The 3rd Infantry Division was the first British division to land at Sword on D-Day and fought through the Battle of Normandy, the Netherlands and later the invasion of Germany. During the often intense fighting from Sword to Bremen, the Division suffered 2,586 killed.[5]

The brigade comprised:[6]


  1. ^ Digby Smith, The Greenhill Napoleonic Wars Data Book (1998) pp. 164–5, 166, 170–1.
  2. ^ "No. 27156". The London Gazette. 23 January 1900. p. 430.
  3. ^ "No. 27174". The London Gazette. 16 March 1900. pp. 1785–1788.
  4. ^ Baker, Chris. "The 3rd Division in 1914–1918". The Long, Long Trail. Retrieved 10 July 2014.
  5. ^ Delaforce, Patrick (1995). Monty's Iron Sides. Stroud, Gloucestershire: Allan Sutton Publishing. p. 206. ISBN 0-7509-0781-9.
  6. ^ Joslen, p. 247


  • Joslen, H. F. (2003) [1990]. Orders of Battle: Second World War, 1939–1945. Uckfield, East Sussex: Naval and Military Press. ISBN 978-1-84342-474-1.