35th Army (Russia)

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35th Army (I Formation) (1941-c.1946)
9th Mechanized Army (c.1946-48)
35th Army (II Formation) (1960s-present)
Active July 1941 - c.1946
Country Russia/Soviet Union
Branch Russian Ground Forces
Size three divisions
Part of Far East Military District
Garrison/HQ Belogorsk, Amur Oblast
Engagements Harbin-Kirin Operation

The 35th Red Banner Army is a field army of the Russian Ground Forces.

The 35th Army was originally formed within the Soviet Red Army in July 1941 on the basis of 18th Rifle Corps, and joined the Far Eastern Front. Within Far Eastern Front it comprised 35th, 66th, and 78th Rifle Divisions, the 109th Fortified Region, and a number of other artillery and rifle units. It defended the Primorski Krai frontier.

World War II[edit]

On 1 May 1945 35th Army joined the Maritime Group of Forces which was transformed on 5 August 1945 to the 1st Far East Front. It had as part of its structure the 66th, 264th and 363rd Rifle Divisions, the 8th and 109th Fortified Regions, the 125th, 208th, and 209th Tank Brigades, and a number of artillery and other units.[1] With these forces the army participated in the Harbin-Kirin Offensive Operation (Soviet-Japanese War (1945)). Its commanders were General Major A. Zajtsev (July 1941 – June 1945), and General Lieutenant N.D. Zakhvataev (June–September 1945).

Cold War 1969 onwards[edit]

The 35th Army today draws its history from the 29th Rifle Corps. Originally formed in 1943, the 29th Rifle Corps became the 29th Army Corps in 1957. In 1960, the 29th Army Corps was at Krasnodar and had the 9th and 73rd Motor Rifle Divisions. In 1966 it moved to Belogorsk in Amur Oblast.[2] In June 1969 the 29th Army Corps became the 35th Army. In 1968-69 four divisions were gathered to become part of the corps, later army, in the Far East: 265th MRD arrived in 1968, 266th MRD arrived from the North Caucasus Military District and the 31st Guards Motor Rifle Division from the Baltic Military District in 1969, and the 192nd MRD was activated that same year.

In 1988 the 35th Army consisted of the:[3]

Headquarters 35th Red Banner Army (Belogorsk, Amur Oblast):

  • 21st Guards Tank Division (Belogorsk): 2nd Guards Tank Regiment, 125th Guards Tank Regiment (Ekaterinoslavka), 111th Guards Tank Regiment, 277th Guards Motor Rifle Regiment, 64th Guards Artillery Regiment, 1064th Guards Anti-Aircraft Rocket Regiment
  • 67th Мotor Rifle Division (Skovorodino): 422nd Tank Regiment, 1212th Motor Rifle Regiment, 1216th Motor Rifle Regiment, 1217th Motor Rifle Regiment, 1302nd Artillery Regiment, 1042nd Anti-Aircraft Rocket Regiment
  • 192nd Motor Rifle Division (Blagoveshchensk): 371st Tank Regiment (Svobodnyy), 190th Motor Rifle Regiment (Shimanovsk), 684th Motor Rifle Regiment (Svobodnyy), 679th Motor Rifle Regiment (Blagoveshensk), 1219th Artillery Regiment (Svobodnyy), 1414th Anti-Aircraft Rocket Regiment (Blagoveshchensk)
  • 265th Мotor Rifle Division (Vozzhaevka (Возжаевка)(Belogorsk-15), Belogorsky District) : 373rd Tank Regiment, 212th, 421st and 695th Motor Rifle Regiments, artillery regiment, anti-aircraft rocket regiment[3]
  • 266th Мotor Rifle Division (Raychikhinsk/Raichikhinsk): 376th Tank Regiment, 155th, 430th, 785th Motor Rifle Regiments, artillery regiment, anti-aircraft rocket regiment[3]
  • Army Troops[4]
    • Pontoon-Bridge Regiment (понтонно-мостовой полк) (Arkhara)
    • 43rd Material Support Brigade
    • 156th Separate Radio Engineering Regiment
    • 1899th Separate Radio Engineering Regiment
    • 49th Separate Tank Regiment
    • 161st Separate Communications Regiment
    • 1719th Separate Radio Relay and Cable Battalion (Belogorsk)
    • 1283rd Separate Engineer-Sapper Battalion (Berezovka, Altai/Березовка)
    • 153 Rocket Brigade; 71st Antiaircraft Missile Brigade (Svobodny, Amur Oblast/Свободный)
    • 364 Separate Helicopter Regiment (Srednebeloe)

The 35th Army is still stationed in the Far East Military District with its headquarters at Belogorsk. Until the 2008-2011 reform, it consisted of three divisions: the 21st Guards (Belogorsk) and 270th (Krasnaya Rechka, Khabarovsk) Motor Rifle Divisions, and the 128th Machine-Gun Artillery Division (Babstovo), along with smaller combat and support units.

Sources and references[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.tashv.nm.ru/BoevojSostavSA/1945/19450501.html BoevojSostavSA Composition for 1 May 1945
  2. ^ Holm, 35th Combined Arms Army
  3. ^ a b c Feskov et al 2013, 594, Holm.
  4. ^ Feskov,, V.I.; K.A. Kalashnikov, V.I. Golikov (2004). The Soviet Army in the Years of the 'Cold War' (1945-1991). Tomsk: Tomsk University Press. ISBN 5-7511-1819-7.