9th century BC

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The 9th century BC started the first day of 900 BC and ended the last day of 801 BC. It was a period of great change for several civilizations. In Africa, Carthage is founded by the Phoenicians. In Egypt, a severe flood covers the floor of Luxor temple, and years later, a civil war starts.

It is the beginning of the Iron Age in Central Europe, with the spread of the Proto-Celtic Hallstatt culture, and the Proto-Celtic language.


King Jehu of the Kingdom of Israel bows before Shalmaneser III of Assyria.

890s BC[edit]

880s BC[edit]

870s BC[edit]

860s BC[edit]

850s BC[edit]

840s BC[edit]

830s BC[edit]

820s BC[edit]

810s BC[edit]

800s BC[edit]

Inventions, discoveries, introductions[edit]

In works of fiction[edit]

  • In Highlander, the immortal Juan Sánchez Villa-Lobos Ramírez (Sean Connery) was born in Egypt in 896 BC.
  • In True Blood, the vampire known as Russell Edgington was born around 850 BC, and was turned about 800 BC.

Sovereign states[edit]

See: List of sovereign states in the 9th century BC.


  1. ^ Zimmer 1952, p. 182-183.
  2. ^ Hmannan Vol. 1 2003: 153–154
  3. ^ Fattovich, Rodolfo, "Akkälä Guzay" in Uhlig, Siegbert, ed. Encyclopaedia Aethiopica: A-C. Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz KG, 2003, p. 169.


  • Zimmer, Heinrich (1952), Joseph Campbell (ed.), Philosophy of India, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Ltd, Not in copyright