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King of Kish, King of Ur
Gold items PG 580.jpg
Gold dagger from tomb PG 580, thought to belong to A'anepada.
Reignfl. circa 2600 BCE
SuccessorMeskiagnun (brother)
HouseFirst Dynasty of Ur
Location of Ur, in Western Asia, modern Iraq.

A'annepada (Sumerian: 𒀀𒀭𒉌𒅆𒊒𒁕, romanized: A'an-na-pad-da) was a king of the First Dynasty of Ur, circa 2600 BCE.[1][2] He was a son of Mesannepada.[1][3] It is thought that his tomb may be tomb PG 580 in the Royal Cemetery at Ur.[1]

Votive tablets[edit]

Several tablets are known that bear his name, in particular dedicated to Ninhursag, and proclaiming Mesannepada as his father:[4]

A'annepada tablet inscription. British Museum.[5]

𒀭𒊩𒌆𒄯𒊕 / 𒀀𒀭𒉌𒅆𒊒𒁕 / 𒈗𒌶𒆠 / 𒌉𒈩𒀭𒉌𒅆𒊒𒁕 / 𒈗𒌶𒆠 /𒀭𒊩𒌆𒉺𒂅𒊏 / 𒂍 𒈬𒈾𒆕

Dnin-hur-sag / a-an-ne2-pa3-da / lugal uri5{ki} / dumu mes-an-ne2-pa3-da / lugal uri5{ki} /Dnin-hur-sag-ra / e2 mu-na-du3

"For Nin-hursag: A'annepada, king of Ur, son of Mesannepada, king of Ur, built the temple for Ninhursag."

— Dedication tablet by King A'annepada, British Museum, BM 116982.[5][6]

Foundation cone[edit]

Foundation cone of A'annepada for Inanna, British Museum BM 90951.[7][8][9]

A foundation cone in a copper alloy was found in Ur, bearing the name of "King A'annepada" in a dedication for Inanna, now in the British Museum (BM 90951).[7][8][9][10]

The cone was discovered by John George Taylor in 1854 during his excavations in Ur.[9] It has a length of 34.3 centimetres, and a diameter of 3.7 centimetres, and weighs 1.7 kilograms.[9][8] According to the British Museum, it was found together with two other objects, a carved stone with handle and a lapis lazuli portrait, which together probably formed a foundation deposit.[11]

The actual content of the inscription had been overlooked, until it was published by J.C. Gadd in 1928.[8]

Artifacts from tomb PG 580 at Ur[edit]

It has been suggested that the tomb of A'annepada may be tomb PG 580 in the Royal Cemetery at Ur.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d Reade, Julian (2003). Art of the First Cities: The Third Millennium B.C. from the Mediterranean to the Indus. Metropolitan Museum of Art. pp. 94–96. ISBN 978-1-58839-043-1.
  2. ^ Thomas, Ariane; Potts, Timothy (2020). Mesopotamia: Civilization Begins. Getty Publications. p. 13. ISBN 978-1-60606-649-2.
  3. ^ Pr, Univ Of Pennsylvania; Anthropology, University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and; Hansen, Donald P.; Pittman, Holly (1998). Treasures from the Royal Tombs of Ur. UPenn Museum of Archaeology. p. 3. ISBN 978-0-924171-54-3.
  4. ^ "CDLI-Found Texts". cdli.ucla.edu.
  5. ^ a b "British Museum, tablet".
  6. ^ "CDLI-Archival View". cdli.ucla.edu.
  7. ^ a b "CDLI-Archival View". cdli.ucla.edu.
  8. ^ a b c d Gadd, C. J. (1928). "Another A-Anni-Padda Inscription". Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland (3): 626–628. ISSN 0035-869X. JSTOR 25221375.
  9. ^ a b c d "Dedicatory cone". British Museum.
  10. ^ W. King., Leonard (1915). A History of Babylonia. pp. 153–154.
  11. ^ Museum notice
  12. ^ Museum notice
  13. ^ Museum notice
  14. ^ Collections Online British Museum.
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Mesannepada of Ur
King of Sumer Succeeded by
Meskiagnun of Ur
Ensí of Ur