Aïn Séfra

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Aïn Séfra

عين الصفراء
Aïn Sefra
Aïn Séfra
Location of Aïn Séfra within Naâma Province
Location of Aïn Séfra within Naâma Province
Aïn Séfra is located in Algeria
Aïn Séfra
Aïn Séfra
Location of Aïn Séfra within Algeria
Coordinates: 32°45′N 0°35′W / 32.750°N 0.583°W / 32.750; -0.583Coordinates: 32°45′N 0°35′W / 32.750°N 0.583°W / 32.750; -0.583
Country Algeria
ProvinceNaâma
DistrictAïn Séfra (seat)
Government
 • PMA Seats11
Elevation
1,081 m (3,547 ft)
Population
(1998)
 • Total34,962
Time zoneUTC+01 (CET)
Postal code
45200
ONS code4503

Aïn Séfra (Arabic: عين الصفراء‎, lit. yellow spring) is a municipality in Naâma Province, Algeria. It is the district seat of Aïn Séfra District and it has a population of 34,962, which gives it 11 seats in the PMA. Its postal code is 45200 and its municipal code is 4503. It is the second most populated municipality in the province after Mécheria.

History[edit]

The Ksar of Aïn-Séfra was erected around the year 1586 by the children of Mohamed Ben-Chaïb dit Bou-Dekhil, patron saint of the city, after the purchase of the land from local tribes against 1000 sheep, according to the tales of oral tradition.

French Period[edit]

During the first French incursions in the middle of the 19th century, the majority of "Chorfa" families left the ksar as refuges, mainly to Tlemcen and Fez.

The modern city dates back to the French colonial era. Initially, in 1882, a strategic military garrison post consequent to the revolt of Sheikh Bouamama left their bastion of Figuig. French troops have instead established a military post at the site of Aïn-Séfra, to control "The Gateway to the Sahara".[1] A railway reached Aïn-Séfra as early as 1887, and it extended to Bechar and Kenadsa in 1906, both for economic and strategic reasons.

During the colonial period, it was an important sub-prefecture and a military territory, but also a region of cultural, economic and political importance. The region where Aïn-Séfra is located was one of the bastions of the popular resistance against the French colonial conquest, south of Oran.

Climate[edit]

Summers are mainly hot and dry, while winters are cool to cold. Despite being in the hot Sahara desert. The Köppen-Geiger climate classification is BWk. It snowed in 1979, and in the winters of 2016/2017[1] and 2017/2018. An unusual blizzard hit the area on 20 January 2017, dumping snow in the municipality up to a meter thick in some places. This was the largest snowfall in residents' memories and had caused travel disruptions due to iced roads.[2]

Climate data for Aïn Séfra
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 21.6
(70.9)
24.1
(75.4)
29.1
(84.4)
32.3
(90.1)
35.6
(96.1)
40.1
(104.2)
41.9
(107.4)
42.9
(109.2)
40.9
(105.6)
32.4
(90.3)
35.2
(95.4)
24.0
(75.2)
42.9
(109.2)
Average high °C (°F) 12.4
(54.3)
15.4
(59.7)
17.4
(63.3)
23.5
(74.3)
27.4
(81.3)
32.7
(90.9)
37.6
(99.7)
35.7
(96.3)
32.1
(89.8)
24.7
(76.5)
16.3
(61.3)
12.9
(55.2)
24.0
(75.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 6.1
(43.0)
8.4
(47.1)
10.7
(51.3)
15.7
(60.3)
19.4
(66.9)
24.1
(75.4)
28.4
(83.1)
27.2
(81.0)
23.7
(74.7)
17.1
(62.8)
10.6
(51.1)
6.9
(44.4)
16.5
(61.7)
Average low °C (°F) −0.3
(31.5)
1.3
(34.3)
4.0
(39.2)
7.8
(46.0)
11.4
(52.5)
15.4
(59.7)
19.2
(66.6)
18.7
(65.7)
15.3
(59.5)
9.4
(48.9)
4.9
(40.8)
0.9
(33.6)
9.0
(48.2)
Record low °C (°F) −8.2
(17.2)
−7.0
(19.4)
−3.9
(25.0)
1.0
(33.8)
2.2
(36.0)
7.9
(46.2)
11.3
(52.3)
13.5
(56.3)
6.8
(44.2)
3.3
(37.9)
−4.0
(24.8)
−10.2
(13.6)
−10.2
(13.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 10
(0.4)
12
(0.5)
16
(0.6)
20
(0.8)
12
(0.5)
8
(0.3)
6
(0.2)
6
(0.2)
16
(0.6)
28
(1.1)
19
(0.7)
16
(0.6)
169
(6.7)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 3 3 3 3 4 2 2 4 4 5 3 4 40
Average relative humidity (%) (at 7:00) 79 76 68 58 59 46 39 46 51 68 77 78 62
Mean monthly sunshine hours 223.2 240.1 279.0 282.0 328.6 354.0 362.7 344.1 309.0 254.2 195.0 201.5 3,373.4
Mean daily sunshine hours 7.2 8.5 9.0 9.4 10.6 11.8 11.7 11.1 10.3 8.2 6.5 6.5 9.2
Source: Deutscher Wetterdienst[3]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1936 2,400—    
1954 20,100+737.5%
1966 16,800−16.4%
1987 23,800+41.7%
1998 33,600+41.2%
Source: Populstat[4]

Customs[edit]

Traditional wedding custom[edit]

Traditionally wedding parties were taking place during 7 days. Nowadays, weddings last a maximum of 3 days.

For the first lunch, the relatives are invited for a meal with "merga" (dish in sauce). Subsequently, a couscous is served to the guests for the following meals.

Throughout the wedding, the bride did not leave her new home. Once the marriage was over, she took her bucket, went out to fill it at the source and brought it home. Meanwhile, the groom was buying fruits and vegetables at the market without bags nor baskets. He carried them in his burnous. He gave the purchases to the bride, who gave them to the cooks.


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Sharman, Jon (21 December 2016) First Sahara desert snow in 40 years captured in photographs, The Independent. Retrieved 2016-12-21.
  2. ^ Summers, Chris, Robinson, Geoff (20 January 2017) Sledging… in the Sahara! African desert region is hit by its biggest snowfall in living memory with snow up to a METRE deep, Daily Mail Online. Retrieved 2017-01-22.
  3. ^ Klimatafel von Ain Sefra / Algerien, Baseline climate means (1961-1990) from stations all over the world, Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved 2016-10-22
  4. ^ populstat.info, Archived 2016-03-03 at the Wayback Machine.