Aşağı Ağcakənd

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Coordinates: 40°25′20″N 46°33′36″E / 40.42222°N 46.56000°E / 40.42222; 46.56000

Aşağı Ağcakənd
Municipality
Aşağı Ağcakənd is located in Azerbaijan
Aşağı Ağcakənd
Aşağı Ağcakənd
Coordinates: 40°25′20″N 46°33′36″E / 40.42222°N 46.56000°E / 40.42222; 46.56000
Country  Azerbaijan
Rayon Goranboy
Population
 • Total 207
Time zone AZT (UTC+4)
 • Summer (DST) AZT (UTC+5)

Aşağı Ağcakənd (also known as Ashagi Agchakand, Ashagy Agdzhakend, Nerkishen, Nizhniy Agdzhakend, Novo Agdzhakend, Shahoumian, Shahumyan, Shaumyan (Armenian: Շահումյան), and Shaumyanovsk) is a village in the Goranboy Rayon of Azerbaijan. The municipality consists of the villages of Aşağı Ağcakənd, Yuxarı Ağcakənd and Meşəli.[1]

In antiquity the territory was a part of Artsakh; in the Middle Ages it was part of the principality of Khachen; in the 17-18th centuries the territory formed part of Melik-Abovian dynasty's melikdom of Gulistan, with its capital in the fortress of that name.[citation needed] During Soviet times, the area was renamed after the Armenian Bolshevik Stepan Shaumian, its administrative center taking the same name. By the 1990s the population of Shaumian district was almost exclusively Armenian by language and ethnicity, though the area was not included within the boundaries of the Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast by the Soviet Union. In the spring-summer of 1991, Soviet premier Mikhail Gorbachev ordered the execution of Operation Ring, in which the Soviet Red Army surrounded some of the area's Armenian villages (notably Getashen and Martunashen) and violently deported their inhabitants to the Armenian SSR. Approximately 17,000 Armenians living in Shaumian's twenty-three villages were expelled from the region. In December 1991, with the Soviet Union imploding, Shaumian was claimed by the Nagorno-Karabakh and became the flashpoint of considerable fighting. This reached a climax in summer 1992 when most of the area was taken by the Azerbaijani army. Damage was severe and the Armenian population fled. Shaumian was renamed to Aşağı Ağcakənd in 1992, and the town has since been partly re-populated by Azerbaijani refugees and internally displaced persons.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Belediyye Informasiya Sistemi" (in Azerbaijani). Archived from the original on September 24, 2008. 
  2. ^ Trailblazer "Azerbaijan with Excursions to Georgia", Hindhead, UK, 2004; p245