Uzeir

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Uzeir
עֻזֵיר, עוזייר
عزير
Ozeir.jpg
Uzeir is located in Israel
Uzeir
Uzeir
Coordinates: 32°47′32″N 35°19′51″E / 32.79222°N 35.33083°E / 32.79222; 35.33083Coordinates: 32°47′32″N 35°19′51″E / 32.79222°N 35.33083°E / 32.79222; 35.33083
Grid position 181/243 PAL
District Northern
Council al-Batuf
Population (2016)[1] 3,080
Name meaning El Azeir, Ezra[2]

Uzeir (Arabic: عزير‎; Hebrew: עֻזֵיר‬) is an Arab village in northern Israel. Located near Nazareth Illit in the Lower Galilee, it falls under the jurisdiction of al-Batuf Regional Council. In 2016 it had a population of 3,080.[1]

History[edit]

Findings from the Roman, Byzantine and Early Islamic periods have been found in the village.[3]

Ottoman era[edit]

It was mentioned in the Ottoman defter for the year 1555-6, as Mezraa land, (that is, cultivated land), called ‘Uzayr, located in the Nahiya of Tabariyya of the Liwa of Safad. The land was designated as Timar land.[4]

In 1799, a map from Napoleon's invasion by Pierre Jacotin showed the place, named as El Qasr.[5]

In 1838 it was noted as a Muslim village, el-'Aziz, in the Nazareth District.[6]

In 1875, the French explorer Victor Guérin reached the village and described it as consisting of about 20 houses on the side of a hill. A few old columns were remains after an ancient site which had preceded the present village. A Muslim Maqam with two small domes, dedicated to "Neby A'ouzeir" was close by.[7] In Palestine Exploration Fund's 1881 Survey of Western Palestine, the village (called El Azeir) was described as:

A stone village at the foot of the hill. The plain to the north is cultivated with cotton, barley, etc. There are about 150 Moslems in the village. Water is supplied by cisterns in the village, and a tank.[8]

A population list from about 1887 showed that el Azeir had about 45 Muslim inhabitants.[9]

British Mandate era[edit]

In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British authorities, 'Uzair had a population of 70, all Muslims,[10] increasing in the 1931 census to 88, still all Muslim, in 15 houses.[11]

In 1945 the population was 150 Muslims[12] while the total land area was 766 dunams, according to an official land and population survey.[13] Of this, 737 dunams were allocated for cereals,[14] while 7 dunams were classified as built-up areas.[15]

State of Israel[edit]

In 1948, Uzeir was captured by the Israeli army during the second part of Operation Dekel between 15 and 18 July. The village remained under martial law until 1966.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved September 26, 2017. 
  2. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 124
  3. ^ Cinamon, 2012, ‘Uzeir, West
  4. ^ Rohde, 1979, p. 101
  5. ^ Karmon, 1960, p. 166.
  6. ^ Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol. 3, Appendix 2, p. 132
  7. ^ Guérin, 1880, pp. 364 ff
  8. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p. 362
  9. ^ Schumacher, 1888, p. 184
  10. ^ Barron, 1923, Table XI, Sub-district of Nazareth, p. 38
  11. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 76
  12. ^ Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 8
  13. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 63
  14. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 110
  15. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 160

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]