A-Hmao language

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Large Flowery Miao
ad Hmaob lul
Native to China
Region Guizhou, Yunnan
Ethnicity A-Hmao
Native speakers
300,000  (1995)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 hmd
Glottolog larg1235[2]

The A-Hmao language, also known as Large Flowery Miao (Chinese: 大花苗) or Northeast Yunnan Miao (Diandongbei, Chinese: 苗语滇东北方言), is a Hmongic language spoken in China. It is the language the Pollard script was designed for,[3][4] and displays extensive tone sandhi.[5] There is a high degree of literacy in Pollard among the older generation.

The standard written language, both in Pollard and in Latin script, is that of Shíménkǎn (石门坎) village in Weining County.


  1. ^ A-Hmao at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Large Flowery Miao". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ Smalley, Vang, & Yang, 1990. Mother of writing: the origin and development of a Hmong messianic script
  4. ^ Duffy, 2007. Writing from these roots: literacy in a Hmong-American community
  5. ^ Mortensen, David. 2005. "A-Hmao Echo Reduplication as Evidence for Abstract Phonological Scales". LSA Annual Meeting

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