Adolphe Jean-Marie Mouron
|Died||17 June 1968 (aged 67)|
Early life and career
He was born Adolphe Jean-Marie Mouron in Kharkiv, Russian Empire, to French parents. As a young man, he moved to Paris, where he studied at the École des Beaux-Arts and at the Académie Julian. The popularity of posters as advertising afforded him an opportunity to work for a Parisian printing house. Inspired by cubism as well as surrealism, he earned a reputation with works such as Bûcheron (Woodcutter), a poster created for a cabinetmaker that won first prize at the 1925 Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes.
Cassandre became successful enough that with the help of partners he was able to set up his own advertising agency called Alliance Graphique, serving a wide variety of clients during the 1930s. He is perhaps best known for his posters advertising travel, for clients such as the Compagnie Internationale des Wagons-Lits. He was a pioneer of airbrush arts.
His creations for the Dubonnet wine company were among the first posters designed in a manner that allowed them to be seen by occupants in moving vehicles. His posters are memorable for their innovative graphic solutions and their frequent denotations to such painters as Max Ernst and Pablo Picasso. In addition, he taught graphic design at the École des Arts Décoratifs and then at the École d'Art Graphique.
With typography an important part of poster design, the company created several new typeface styles. Cassandre developed Bifur in 1929, the sans serif Acier Noir in 1935, and in 1937 an all-purpose font called Peignot. In 1936, his works were exhibited at the Museum of Modern Art in New York City which led to commissions from Harper's Bazaar to do cover designs.
With the onset of World War II, Cassandre served in the French army until the fall of France. His business long gone, he survived by creating stage sets and costumes for the theatre, something he had dabbled in during the 1930s. After the war, he continued this line of work while also returning to easel painting. He worked with several famous French fashion houses, designing playing cards and scarfs for Hermès and the well-known Yves Saint Laurent logo.
In 1985, his son Henri Mouron published a study of his father's work in a book titled A.M. Cassandre.
- Acier Noir (1936)
- Bifur (1929)
- Peignot (1937)
- Touraine (1947), with Charles Peignot
- Nord Express, 1925
- Etoile Du Nord, 1927
- La Route Bleue, 1929
- Chemin De Fer Du Nord, 1929
- L’ Atlantique, 1931
- Triplex, 1930
- Dubonnet, 1932
- Normandie, 1935
- (in French) Notice d'autorité personne : Cassandre, BnF, according to the international pseudonym convention described in the BnF authority file.
- http://www.brainpickings.org/index.php/2013/01/24/cassandre/ Brainpickings - Cassandre, accessdate on 27 January 2013
- Benezit Dictionary of Artists
- O'Mahony, Niamh. "Adolphe Mouron Cassandre (1901-1968)". Retrieved 7 August 2009.
- (ru)Great Russian Encyclopedia
- See images at Moma.org
- Archives du spectacle
- The World of Playing Cards
- Mouron, Henri (1985). A. M. Cassandre. Translated by Michael Taylor. Rizzoli. ISBN 0-8478-0651-0.
- Jaspert, W. Pincus, W. Turner Berry and A.F. Johnson. The Encyclopedia of Type Faces. Blandford Press Lts.: 1953, 1983, ISBN 0-7137-1347-X, p. 2408-249
- Museum, Victoria and Albert. "Nord Express | Cassandre, Adolphe Mouron | V&A Explore The Collections". Victoria and Albert Museum: Explore the Collections. Retrieved 6 May 2022.
- "A. M. Cassandre. Étoile du Nord. 1927 | MoMA". The Museum of Modern Art. Retrieved 6 May 2022.
- "A. M. Cassandre. La Route Bleu, Londres-Paris-Côte D'Azur en Autocars de Luxe. 1929 | MoMA". The Museum of Modern Art. Retrieved 6 May 2022.
- "A. M. Cassandre. Chemin De Fer Du Nord - Vitesse-Luxe-Confort. 1929 | MoMA". The Museum of Modern Art. Retrieved 6 May 2022.
- "L'atlantique, 1931 - Cassandre - WikiArt.org". www.wikiart.org. Retrieved 6 May 2022.
- "A. M. Cassandre. Triplex (Poster for a safety glass manufacturer). 1930 | MoMA". The Museum of Modern Art. Retrieved 6 May 2022.
- "A. M. Cassandre. Dubonnet, Vin Tonique au Quinquina. 1932 | MoMA". The Museum of Modern Art. Retrieved 6 May 2022.
- "A. M. Cassandre. Normandie. 1935 | MoMA". The Museum of Modern Art. Retrieved 6 May 2022.
- Robert K. Brown, Susan Reinhold: The poster art of A. M. Cassandre. - New York: Dutton, 1979
- Henri Mouron: A. M. Cassandre : affiches, arts graph., théâtre. - München: Schirmer/Mosel, 1985
published in English as Cassandre : Posters, Typography, Stage Designs - London: Thames and Hudson, 1986 (ISBN 0-500-23450-7)