|Industry||Graphic Arts Equipment|
|Founded||Chicago, Illinois, United States, 1883|
|Founder||Albert Blake Dick|
|Headquarters||Niles, Illinois, United States|
|Albert Blake Dick, Founder |
Albert Blake Dick Jr., second president
A. B. Dick III, third president
Karl Van Tassel, president
John C. Stetson, president
Ed Suchma final president and CEO
|Revenue||$268.62 million (1998 est.)|
Number of employees
|about 900, mid-1930s|
about 1,200 in 1996
The A. B. Dick Company (later stylized as ABDick) was a major American manufacturer of copy machines and office supplies in the late 19th century and 20th centuries.
Founding and growth
The company was founded in 1883 in Chicago as a lumber company by Albert Blake Dick (1856 – 1934). It soon expanded into office supplies and, after licensing key autographic printing patents from Thomas Edison, became the world's largest manufacturer of mimeograph equipment (Albert Dick coined the word "mimeograph"). The company introduced the Model 0 Flatbed Duplicator in 1887. Later on, the flatbed duplicators were replaced by devices using a rotating cylinder with automatic ink feed. Basic models were hand-cranked while more elaborate machines used an electric motor.
AB Dick model 350 and 360 small duplicator presses, paired with Itek Graphix plate makers, were instrumental in the beginnings of instant or "quick" printing shops that proliferated in the 1960s/70's/80's. These early plate makers first used paper plates and later used polyester plates made by Mitsubishi. They revolutionized plate making for small press printers with the introduction of digital plate makers in the early 1990s. A. B. Dick also produced machines using the competing spirit duplicator technology. Starting in the 1960s, xerography began to overtake A. B. Dick's older mimeograph technology.
End of independent existence
In 1979, the company was acquired by the British General Electric Company (not to be confused with the American company General Electric). In the early 1980s, following this acquisition, A. B. Dick was involved with GEC Computers in the production of the ill-fated GEC Series 63 minicomputer.
In 1988, the company acquired Itek Graphix, a leading manufacturer of plate-makers for duplicators (small format offset presses). By the late 1990s, A. B. Dick was a division of the Nesco company of Cleveland.
The company filed for bankruptcy in 2004, and its assets were acquired by Presstek, a manufacturer of prepress products. Presstek sold its ABDick division to Mark Andy, Inc. in 2013. Mark Andy continues to market products under the ABDick brand.
- "Men of Affairs". Chicago Evening Post. 1906. Retrieved August 11, 2011.
- Mark R. Wilson, with Stephen R. Porter and Janice L. Reiff. "Dick (A. B.) Co". Encyclopedia of Chicago. Retrieved August 11, 2011.
- Owen, David (2004). Copies in Seconds: How a Lone Inventor and an Unknown Company Created the Biggest Communication Breakthrough Since Gutenberg—Chester Carlson and the Birth of the Xerox Machine. New York: Simon & Schuster. p. 44.
- Randy Alfred (August 8, 2008). "Aug. 8, 1876: Run This Off on the Mimeo". Wired. Retrieved August 11, 2011.
- "History". Haberdasher Square Lofts. Retrieved August 11, 2011.
- "John C. Stetson". Official United States Air Force Website. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
- Lavington, Simon (2011). "14.5 — The GEC Series 63: A Very Difficult Project". Moving Targets — Elliott-Automation and the Dawn of the Computer Age in Britain, 1947-67. Springer. ISBN 978-1-84882-932-9.
- A.B. Dick files Ch. 11, names buyer, Chicago Business, Rita Chang, July 13, 2004.
- Buck, Glen. Fifty Years 1884-1934, A. B. Dick Company. Chicago: Lakeside Press, 1934. (with drawings by Rockwell Kent and photographs by Torkel Korling.)