A. E. W. Mason

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A. E. W. Mason
Alfred Edward Woodley Mason.jpg
A. E. W. Mason
Captain in The Manchester Regiment
Born Alfred Edward Woodley Mason
(1865-05-07)7 May 1865
Dulwich, London, England
Died 22 November 1948(1948-11-22) (aged 83)
London, England
Occupation Author
Language English
Nationality British
"Four Feathers". Caricature by Max published in Vanity Fair in 1908.

Alfred Edward Woodley Mason (7 May 1865 Dulwich, London – 22 November 1948 London) was an English author and politician. He is best remembered for his 1902 novel of courage and cowardice in wartime,The Four Feathers and is also known as the creator of Inspector Hanaud, a French detective who was an early template for Agatha Christie's famous Hercule Poirot.[1]

HIs prolific output in short stories and novels were frequently made and remade into films during his lifetime; though many of the silent versions have been lost or forgotten, the Korda productions of Fire Over England (1937) and The Four Feathers (1939) remain enduring classics of British cinema.


Alfred Mason was born in Camberwell. He studied at Dulwich College and graduated from Trinity College, Oxford in 1888. He was a contemporary of fellow Liberal Anthony Hope, who went on to write the adventure novel The Prisoner of Zenda.[citation needed] He was an actor before he became a writer, however. He was also an avid cricket player.

His first novel, A Romance of Wastdale, was published in 1895. He was the author of more than 20 books, including At The Villa Rose (1910), a mystery novel in which he introduced his French detective, Inspector Hanaud; Hanaud's career in six novels spanned from before World War 1 to after World War 2.

His best-known book is The Four Feathers, which has been made into several films (see below).Many consider it his masterpiece. Other books are The House of the Arrow (1924), No Other Tiger (1927), The Prisoner in the Opal (1929) and Fire Over England (1937). He contributed a short story, "The Conjurer", to The Queen's Book of the Red Cross.[citation needed]

Mason was elected as a Liberal Member of Parliament for Coventry in the 1906 general election. He served only a single term in Parliament, retiring at the next general election in January 1910.[citation needed]

His first play was the 4-act comedy Marjory Strode.[2] Mason wrote three plays that were produced and presented by Sir George Alexander in St James's Theatre. He wrote, "I had three plays produced by George Alexander; one a failure, Colonel Smith, one which made a moderate profit, Open Windows, and one which was a considerable success, The Witness for the Defence.[3] The light farce Colonel Smith opened on 23 April 1909. The Witness for the Defence opened on 1 February 1911, starring Sir George Alexander as Henry Thresk. In 1913 Mason's problem play Open Windows opened on the evening of 11 March, starring Sydney Valentine as Phillip Hammond, Irene Vanbrugh as Cynthia Herrick, Sir George Alexander as John Herrick, with Rosalie Toller as Elsie Herrick.[4][5]

Mason served with the Manchester Regiment in the First World War, being promoted Captain in December 1914. He transferred to the General List (reservists) in 1915 and the Royal Marine Light Infantry in 1917 with the rank of Major. His military career included work in naval intelligence, serving in Spain and Mexico, where he set up counter-espionage networks on behalf of the British government.[citation needed].

Mason turned to non-fiction as well; he wrote a biography of Sir Francis Drake (1941), whose piratical exploits for the Queen figure in Fire Over England. He was working on a non-fiction book about Admiral Robert Blake when he died in 1948.

Mason had been offered a knighthood but declined it declaring that such honors meant little to a childless man.[citation needed]

Inspector Hanaud[edit]

In 1910, Mason undertook to create a fictional detective as different as possible from Sherlock Holmes, who had recently been resuscitated after his supposed death by Arthur Conan Doyle in 1903. Inspector Gabriel Hanaud was stout, not gaunt like Holmes; a professional policeman, not a gentleman amateur; from the French surete, not Victorian England; and relying on psychological insights rather than physical evidence. His "Watson" is a retired London banker named Mr. Julius Ricardo.

Hanaud's appearance in the 1910 novel, At The Villa Rose marks "the first major fiction detective of the Twentieth Century," according to a historian of the genre.[who?] Set in the south of France, its plot also ridicules spiritualism and mediums, well-known enthusiasms of A. Conan Doyle.

Four more Hanaud novels and several short stories followed, the last, The House in Lordship Lane, in 1946 and the only one set in England.

The first Hanaud book was a best-seller, as were several of his 20 novels, and as such often adapted into films, often more than once. A 1920 version of At the Villa Rose was a great success in British movie theaters that year, even as a play version of the novel simultaneously began a long run at the Strand.[6] A successful silent version of The Four Feathers followed the next year.

The first sound version was shot both in English and in French at Twickenham Studios in 1930, making it the first British bi-lingual production, released in America under the name The Mystery of the Villa Rose. This marked the film debut of Austin Trevor, an actor from Northern Ireland, in the role of Mr. Ricardo. Trevor would go on to be the first actor to create Hercule Poirot on the screen. Veteran British director Walter Summers directed At the Villa Rose, aka House of Mystery in 1940.

Mason's many subsequent novel adaptations appear to have been staples of the "quota quickies" churned out in the 1920s and 30s in Twickenham and other studios under the British requirements to shore up its local film industry against the enticements of Hollywood productions.

Best-Known Film Adaptations[edit]

Mason's historical novel, Fire Over England (1936) was set in Elizabethan times where a beleaguered Queen Elizabeth prepares for invasion by a tyrannical Spain in the throes of the Inquisition. A thinly-veiled metaphor for then-neutral Britain to prepare for the threat of Nazi invasion, and published while a fascist war in Spain actually was raging, the book was made into a film by Alexander Korda, England's leading film producer, who was helping Winston Churchill in his struggle to alert the then-neutral British people to the looming military threat of Fascism.[7] The lavish costume drama also made stars of Vivien Leigh and Lawrence Olivier in their first pairing as lovers onscreen, as they were off-screen.

Korda also produced by far the best film of the many versions of The Four Feathers, (1939), directed by his brother, Zoltan Korda. Filmed on location in the desert of Sudan, starring Ralph Richardson and John Clements; its technicolor cinematography was nominated for an Oscar. Released before Britain's entry into World War Two, its pro-British theme also features valiant British fighting against hopeless odds, this time in their turn-of-the-century colonies.

Zoltan Korda directed a remake, the much less successful Storm Over the Nile (1955), starring Anthony Steel. Other film versions include two earlier silent films, from 1915 and 1929, a 1977 American television film with Beau Bridges in the lead role and a disappointing The Four Feathers (2002), starring Heath Ledger and Kate Hudson.


Once a famous mystery writer, publishing regularly during the Golden Age of mystery-writing, A.E. W. Mason's reputation has not survived well in the decades since his death. Though prolific in other respects, his Hanaud mysteries are too few to compete with the beloved detectives of Dorothy Sayers' Peter Wimsey, G.K. Chesterton's Father Brown, Simenon's Maigret and of course, Agatha Christie's Mrs. Marple and Hercule Poirot. His pro-war, misogynist and pro-imperialist attitudes, typical of upper-class British men of his generation, have worn poorly with contemporary readers.[8]

Today, he's remembered because of a handful of the best film adaptation of his books.


Novels featuring Inspector Hanaud[edit]

Other novels[edit]

Short story collections[edit]



  1. ^ Bargainnier, Earl F. Twelve Englishmen of mystery. Bowling Green University Popular Press, 1984
  2. ^ "Review: Marjory Strode by A. E. W. Mason". The Athenaeum (4196): 395–396. March 28, 1908. 
  3. ^ Mason, A. E. W. (1935). Sir George Alexander and the St. James' Theatre. Ayer Publishing. p. 22. 
  4. ^ "Open Windows". The Railway Official Gazette: 46. March 1913. 
  5. ^ "NEW PLAY BY A.E.W. MASON; "Open Windows" Is Produced in London and Is Well Received". NY Times. 12 March 1913. 
  6. ^ History of British Film, vol. 4 1918-1929 by Rachael Low,p. 125
  7. ^ Charmed Lives (1979) by Michael Korda, p. 130
  8. ^ http://gadetection.pbworks.com/w/page/7931019/Mason,%20AEW
  • M. Stenton and S. Lees, Who's Who of British MPs, Vol. II (Harvester Press, 1978).

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Charles Murray
Member of Parliament for Coventry
Succeeded by
John Foster