A. H. Wheeler
|Émile Moreau and T. K. Banerjee|
A. H. Wheeler & Co. Pvt. Ltd., commonly known as A. H. Wheeler or simply Wheeler, is an entirely Indian owned company. It owns a bookstore chain that was co-founded by Émile Moreau, a French businessman, T. K. Banerjee, an Indian businessman and others in Allahabad in 1877, operating from railway stations.
After foundation in 1877, this chain grew to have stores at railway stations all over India, especially in the north.:56 The first store was opened at Allahabad railway station in 1877. In 1888 the company began publishing a series of booklets known as the Indian Railway Library.
The Banerjees took over the company in 1950. In 2004 it had a bookstores in 258 railway stations all over India. It contributed to about 80% of the revenue earned by the Indian Railways made from book sales. It had a monopoly on selling books on railway stations. it is headquartered in Allahabad and the distribution network is also managed from there.
A 2004 Indian Railways circular stated: "At present M/s. A.H. Wheeler & Co. is enjoying sole selling rights for running bookstalls at platforms on which this company had been running the same till 01.01.1976. It has now been decided that M/s. A.H. Wheeler & Co. shall not have any sole selling rights henceforth and their rights are brought at par with others. The number of bookstalls held by M/s. A.H. Wheeler & Co. and M/s. Higginbothams Ltd. are at present frozen. Since, the sole selling rights of M/s.A.H. Wheeler & Co. have been withdrawn and their rights have been brought at par with others, the freezing on the holding of stalls by M/s. A.H. Wheeler & Co. and M/s. Higginbothams Ltd. is also removed. In view of the need for decongesting the platform, any fresh allotment of any new bookstall to any category at the stations where railways had frozen the holding of M/s. A.H. Wheeler & Co. and M/s. Higginbothams Ltd. should have to be amply justified before any such decision is taken. The allotment at such stations should be done only with the personal approval of General Manager, irrespective of the type of station.":6
According to The Financial Express this loss of monopoly was a result of a "New Book policy" being implemented by the Indian Railways. It also carries Wheeler's claims that it was the first Indian company to be granted "total rights of any business" by the British, which it gained in 1937.
The following restrictions have been introduced by the railway on the nature of books sold on its platforms: "Sale of all types of obscene, scurrilous, smutty, pornographic, offensive or objectionable publications including pirated books is prohibited at all bookstalls. Zonal railways should exercise strict supervision and in case any licensee is found indulging in sale of such literature serious view should be taken including termination of licence.":11
Plain Tales from the Hills written by Rudyard Kipling were issued as the "Indian Railway Library Series" by Wheeler. These were the first publications of Kipling's collection of stories. These books were sold on railway stations. They cost One rupee, then fifteenth part of a pound. Richard Jaffa considers them "amongst the early paperbacks".
- Anu Kumar, The mysterious European businessman who gave India its iconic railway book stalls, Quartz India, 24 August 2015. Retrieved on 9 March 2017.
- EMILE EDOUARD MOREAU CBE (1871-72), The Society of Old Framlinghamians. Retrieved on 9 March 2017.
- History - A. H. Wheeler, ahwheeler.com. Retrieved on 28 January 2017.
- Atul Sethi, "Train of Thoughts", The Times of India Chennai, 4 September 2011. Retrieved 28 January 2017.
- Singh, Garima (7 July 2004). "Wheeler, Wheeler, more dealers". Kolkata: The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 6 November 2014. Retrieved 9 April 2012.
- Derek O'Brien (1 January 2006). The Penguin-CNBC-TV18 business yearbook 2006-07. New York. ISBN 978-0-14-310098-0. Retrieved 9 April 2012.
- Motihar, Jhilmil (19 August 2011). "The original Wheeler dealers". New Delhi: HT Media. Retrieved 9 April 2012.
- Chaterjee, Rimi B. (May 2011). "Five centuries of print". Kathmandu: The Southasia Trust. Archived from the original on 8 May 2011. Retrieved 9 April 2012.
- Kant, Kamal (7 July 2004). "(COMMERCIAL CIRCULAR NO. 19 OF 2004) Sub: Bookstall Policy – 2004" (PDF). New Delhi: GOVERNMENT OF INDIA, MINISTRY OF RAILWAYS, RAILWAY BOARD. Retrieved 9 April 2012.
- "AH Wheeler's Future Uncertain". New Delhi: The Indian Express Online Media (Pvt) Ltd. 4 July 2004. Retrieved 9 April 2012.
- J. W. Cunliffe (30 May 2005). English Literature During the Last Half Century. Kessinger Publishing. pp. 171–172. ISBN 978-1-4179-8898-3. Retrieved 9 April 2012.
- Nanette Hale; Tabish Khair (2001). Unhinging Hinglish: The Languages and Politics of Fiction in English from the Indian Subcontinent. Museum Tusculanum Press. pp. 46–. ISBN 978-87-7289-672-4. Retrieved 9 April 2012.
- Richard Jaffa (2 June 2011). Man and Mason-Rudyard Kipling. AuthorHouse. pp. 96–. ISBN 978-1-4567-8134-7. Retrieved 9 April 2012.