A. James Manchin
A. James Manchin
|Member of the West Virginia House of Delegates|
from the 43rd district
1998 – 2003
Serving with Mike Caputo, Linda Longstreth
|Succeeded by||Tim Manchin|
|21st Treasurer of West Virginia|
|Governor||Arch A. Moore, Jr.|
|Preceded by||Larrie Bailey|
|Succeeded by||Thomas Loehr|
|25th West Virginia Secretary of State|
|Preceded by||James R. McCartney|
|Succeeded by||Ken Hechler|
Antonio James Manchin
April 7, 1927
Farmington, West Virginia
|Died||November 3, 2003 (aged 76)|
Fairmont, West Virginia
|Political party||Democratic Party|
|Spouse(s)||Stella Machel Petros|
|Residence||Fairmont, West Virginia|
|Alma mater||West Virginia University|
|Profession||high school teacher|
Antonio James Manchin (April 7, 1927 – November 3, 2003) was a West Virginia Democratic politician who served as a member of the House of Delegates (1948–50; 1998-2003), as Secretary of State (1977–85), and as State Treasurer (1985–89). A colorful and controversial figure, he was the uncle of former West Virginia Governor and current U.S. Senator Joe Manchin III.
Early life and education
Manchin was born in Farmington, West Virginia to Kathleen and Joseph Manchin I. His parents were of Italian descent. He received an A.B. degree in political science and sociology and a master's degree in education from West Virginia University.
Early career (1948-1975)
Manchin was first elected to the West Virginia House of Delegates in 1948 at age 21, but was defeated in his bid for re-election in 1950. He spent most of the 1950s working as a high school teacher and wrestling coach.
In 1961, President John F. Kennedy appointed him to serve as State Director of the Farmers Home Administration and he served at the federal level as Special Assistant to the National Administrator of the Farmers Home Administration, holding those positions.
In 1972, he ran for West Virginia Secretary of State when incumbent Jay Rockefeller retired to run for governor. In the seven candidate Democratic primary, he lost and ranked second place with 18% of the vote, behind Thomas Winner who won with a plurality of 20% of the vote. After the election, Governor Arch A. Moore, Jr. in 1973 appointed him to direct the Rehabilitation Environmental Action Program (REAP), a successful effort which rid the State of more than 100,000 junked cars as well as numerous appliances.
Statewide offices (1976-1989)
In 1980, he won re-election with 71% of the vote.
Elected State Treasurer in 1984, he created the Teddi Program which brought 28,000 new jobs to West Virginia. He was impeached by the House of Delegates on March 30, 1989, amid a controversy over bad investments that lost the state $279 million mainly during the time period between April and June 1987. The impeachment resolution blamed Manchin for negligence in delegating and supervising the investment fund, making improper investments and covering up losses.
Though he initially vowed to stay in office, conviction by the Senate would have meant losing his eligibility to run for office again, and could have cost him his pension. He resigned before his trial by the State Senate was completed.
West Virginia legislature (1998-2003)
He later returned to the House of Delegates in 1998, where he served until his death from a massive heart attack in 2003.
The House of Delegates called him "a flamboyant character of the first magnitude" and praised his love of ceremony in their resolution honoring him after his death.
- Government Organization
- Roads and Transportation
- Veteran Affair (Vice Chair)
- Enrolled Bills (Chair)
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-12-20. Retrieved 2011-12-20.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- Joseph, Manchin. "1930 US Census, Marion County, West Virginia". FamilySearch. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
- "House Resolution 4, a Memorial to Manchin". 2004.
- Associated Press. "Impeachment in West Virginia", The New York Times, March 30, 1989.
- A.V. Gallagher (March 30, 1989). "Manchin impeached, but vows to stay on". The Free-Lance-Star. Fredericksburg, Virginia. The Associated Press.
- Legendary W.Va. Politician, Del. A. James Manchin Dies, The Times Leader, 3 Nov 2003
- Icenhower, Greg (1990), A. James Manchin: A Biography of Controversy; Headline Books, 212 pgs.
James R. McCartney
| West Virginia Secretary of State
| West Virginia State Treasurer
Thomas E. Loehr