Maersk head office
|Publicly traded aktieselskab|
|Traded as||Nasdaq Copenhagen: MAERSK A, MAERSK B|
|Søren Skou (Group CEO)|
|Products||Container shipping and terminals, logistics and freight forwarding, ferry and tanker transport, semi-submersible drilling rigs and FPSOs, oil and gas exploration and production, shipyards, store retail|
|Revenue||US$47.569 billion (2014)|
|US$ 11.919 billion (2014)|
|Profit||US$ 5.195 billion (2014)|
|Total assets||US$ 68.844 billion (2014)|
|Total equity||US$ 42.225 billion (end 2014)|
Number of employees
|89,000 (average, 2013)|
A.P. Moller–Maersk Group (Danish: A.P. Møller–Mærsk A/S, Danish pronunciation: [ˈæːˀ ˈpʰeːˀ mølɐˈmæɐ̯sg̊]), also known as Maersk, is a Danish business conglomerate. A.P. Møller – Maersk Group has activities in a variety of business sectors, primarily within the transportation and energy sectors. It has been the largest container ship operator and supply vessel operator in the world since 1996. As of September 2016 the company is in the process of splitting its shipping and energy interests into separate divisions.
A.P. Møller – Maersk Group is based in Copenhagen, Denmark, with subsidiaries and offices in more than 135 countries worldwide and around 89,000 employees. It ranked 148 on the Forbes Global 2000 list for 2015.
- 1 History
- 2 Business areas
- 3 APM Terminals
- 4 Tankers, offshore and other shipping activities
- 5 Oil and gas activities
- 6 Retail activity
- 7 Other activities
- 8 Entry level programmes in A.P. Moller – Maersk
- 9 Piracy
- 10 Controversies
- 11 See also
- 12 References
- 13 External links
A.P. Møller – Maersk Group started as the shipping company Dampskibsselskabet Svendborg (Danish for "Svendborg Steamship Company") founded by captain Peter Mærsk-Møller and his son Arnold Peter Møller (2 October 1876 - June 1965) in Svendborg, April 1904. A.P. Møller had four children, all by his first wife Chastine Estelle Roberta Mc-Kinney. A.P. Møller's second child was Arnold Mærsk Mc- Kinney Møller (13 July 1913 – 16 April 2012).
In 1939, Mærsk Mc-Kinney Møller became a partner in the company. Following the death of A.P. Møller in June 1965, he became CEO of the company and held this post until 1993, when he was succeeded by Jess Søderberg. Beginning in 1965, Mærsk Mc-Kinney Møller also served as company chairman and did not relinquish this position until December 2003 (90 years old), when the chairmanship was taken over by Michael Pram Rasmussen. Mærsk Mc-Kinney Møller was until his death one of the "managing owners" of the company and was chairman of Odense Steel Shipyard until 2 May 2006.
P.M. Møller (1836–1927), who was a deeply religious Christian, attached a blue banner with a white seven pointed star on both sides of the black chimney on the steamship Laura when his wife recovered from illness. In a letter to his wife, P.M. Møller explained in October 1886, "The little star on the chimney is a memory of the night when I prayed for you and asked for a sign: If a star would appear in the gray and cloudy sky, it would mean that the Lord answers prayers." The same star later became the emblem of the Maersk Group.
A.P. Moller – Maersk's activities are organised into several main business segments: Container shipping and related activities; APM Terminals; Tankers, Training, offshore and other shipping activities; Oil and gas activities; Retail activity; and Shipyards, other industrial companies, interest in Danske Bank, etc.
In May 2014 the company lifted its first-quarter net profit to $1.02bn as a result of Maersk Line improving its operations.
"Container shipping and related activities" is the largest business area for A.P. Moller – Maersk, providing almost half of the group's revenue in 2008. It comprises worldwide container services, logistics and forwarding solutions and terminal activities under the brand names: Maersk Line, Safmarine, and Damco. Since 1996, Mærsk is the largest container shipping company in the world.
The largest operating unit in A.P. Moller – Maersk by revenue and staff (around 25,000 employees in 2012) is Maersk Line. In 2013 the company described itself as the world's largest overseas cargo carrier and operated over 600 vessels with 3.8 million Twenty-foot equivalent unit (TEU) container capacity. As per September 2015, being still the largest container fleet, it holds 15.1% of the global TEU.
In 2006, the largest container ship in the world to that date, the E-class vessel Emma Maersk, was delivered to Maersk Line from Odense Steel Shipyard. Seven other sisterships have since been built, and on 21 February 2011, Maersk ordered 10 even larger container ships from Daewoo, the Triple E class, each with a capacity of 18,000 containers. The first were delivered in 2013. It held options for 10–20 more, and in June 2011 placed follow-on orders for a second batch of ten sisterships (to the same design) with the same shipyard, but cancelled its option for a third batch of ten.
As of February 2010, Maersk had an order book for new ships totalling 857000TEU (including options on the Triple E class); that backlog is larger than the existing fleet of the fourth-largest line, Evergreen Line.
In January 2012 Søren Skou took over as CEO of Maersk Line from Eivind Kolding. Later that year the company ceased its business in Iran in order to prevent potential damage in the company's business with Western countries, particularly the US, due to the sanctions regime led by those countries.
MCC Transport is the Maersk Group's Intra-Asia specialist, focusing on the delivery of containerized cargo services in the dynamic and fast-growing Intra-Asia market through an extensive feeder network and a customer-focused team of professionals.
Seago Line is a subsidiary shipping line which serves ports with the Mediterranean.
Safmarine is an independently operated shipping company in the A.P. Moller – Maersk Group with roots in Africa. It operates a fleet of more than 40 container vessels and more than 20 multi purpose vessels (MPV's). The company has five container vessels and four MPV's on order for delivery in 2009–2011.[needs update]
Damco is the combined brand of the Maersk Group's logistics activities previously known as Maersk Logistics and Damco. Damco has 10,800 employees in offices in more than 93 countries. and is involved in supply chain management and freight forwarding solutions all over the world. Damco is the seventh largest freight forwarding company in the world.
Maersk Line, Limited
Maersk Line, Limited, is a US-based subsidiary of A.P. Moller – Maersk Group which manages a fleet of US-flag vessels and provides U.S. Federal Government agencies and their contractors with transportation and logistics services. Headquartered in Norfolk, Virginia, it manages the world's largest fleet of US-flag vessels. Beginning with a relatively small number of vessels focused on handling commercial and US Federal Government-subsidised cargoes, MLL's fleet of vessels engaged in commercial liner services.
Maersk Container Industry A/S: Container manufacturing with factories in Chile (San Antonio), China (Dongguan and Qingdao) and headquarters in Denmark (Tinglev).
Container Inland Services: Includes: depots, equipment repair, trucking, container sales and related activity.
Maersk Global Service Center: Maersk GSC operates the official shared service centers that handle back office, off-shore activities for AP Moller Maersk Group. GSCs are located in Chennai, Mumbai, Pune, Chengdu, and Metro Manila.
A.P. Moller – Maersk's independent APM Terminals business unit with its separate headquarters in The Hague, Netherlands, operates a Global Port, Terminal and Inland Services Network with interests in 57 ports and container terminals in 36 countries on five continents, as well as 155 Inland Services operations in 48 countries. Port and Terminal Operations include:
- Europe:Algeciras, Aarhus, Bremerhaven, Gdańsk, Gioia Tauro, Gothenburg, Le Havre, Oslo, Portsmouth, Port of Poti, Rotterdam, Zeebrugge.
- North America: Port of Montreal, Charleston (Stevedoring operations), Houston, Jacksonville, Los Angeles, Miami, Mobile, Port Elizabeth, Portsmouth, Tacoma.
- South America: Buenos Aires, Itajai, Pecem, Callao
- Middle East: Aqaba, Bahrain, Salalah, Port Said
- Asia: Cai Mep, Colombo, Dalian, Guangzhou, Kobe, Laem Chabang, Mumbai, Pipavav, Qingdao, Tanjung Pelepas, Tianjin, Shanghai, Xiamen, Yokohama.
- Africa: Abidjan, Apapa, Cotonou, Douala, Luanda, Monrovia, Onne, Pointe Noire, Port Elizabeth, Tangier, Tema.
- New Projects Under Construction: Rotterdam-Maasvlakte II, Limón, Santos, Savona, Wilhelmshaven
Tankers, offshore and other shipping activities
Tankers, offshore and other shipping activities" was responsible for 8.8% of Maersk's revenue in 2008, and posted 25% of the group's profit for this period. The business segment comprises Maersk Tankers, Maersk Supply Service, Maersk Drilling, Maersk FPSOs, Maersk LNG and Svitzer.
Employing over 3,900 workers Maersk Tankers is involved in transportation of oil and gas product, among others. As of July 2009, Maersk Tankers operates 140 vessels: 20 crude carriers, 91 product tankers, 21 gas carriers, 8 LNG carriers (for liquefied natural gas). All Maersk Tankers’ tankers are double-hulled, an environmental requirement in much of the world following the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill and other serious oil spills. Since 2009, the company (along with other operators) has used slow steaming; reducing speed to minimize fuel consumption and decrease yearly capacity.
Maersk Drilling owns 24 rigs. The fleet includes six Ultra-Harsh jack-ups, four XL Enhanced jack-ups (including one newbuild which is set for delivery in late 2016), four Harsh jack-ups, two Premium jack-up, four semi-submersibles and four Ultra deepwater drillships. Maersk Drilling is among others a market leader in challenging Norwegian jack-up market with a market share of 7 out of 12 rigs (2016).
Svitzer was founded in 1833 and is the global leader of towage and marine services with a fleet of over 400 tugs, line handlers and other vessels. The company provides harbour and terminal towage services in over 100 ports and 20 Oil & Gas terminals across the globe. Svitzer prides itself in safety, reliability and local content. There is a strong focus on sustainability, with three generations of eco friendly tugs now operating at various ports and terminals in Europe and Australia (including the diesel-electric hybrid tugs operating at Chevron's Gorgon LNG).
Maersk Supply Service
Maersk Supply Service provides anchor handling, towage of drilling rigs and platforms as well as supply service to the offshore industry. By the end of 2008, the fleet comprised 39 anchor handling vessels (including one chartered vessel), 11 supply vessels and 3 other vessel, and with 14 anchor handling vessels and 2 supply vessels on order.
Ardent Salvage, a joint operating salvage company formed after the merger between Maersk-operated Svitzer and Crowley-operated TITAN Salvage, is involved in towage, salvage, wreck removal, marine firefighting and other offshore support and is represented in more than 100 ports worldwide. Ardent is based in Houston, Texas.
37.6% ownership share of Höegh Autoliners: By the end of 2008, Höegh Autoliners operated 67 car carriers with a transported volume of 1.9 million car units annually.
Oil and gas activities
Maersk Oil (Danish: Mærsk Olie og Gas A/S) was established in 1962 when Maersk was awarded a concession for oil and gas exploration and production in the Danish sector of the North Sea.
Today, Maersk Oil is engaged in exploration for and production of oil and gas in many parts of the world. Total oil production is more than 600,000 barrels per day (95,000 m³/d) and gas production is up to some 1 billion cubic feet (28,000,000 m³) per day. Most of this production is from the North Sea, from both the Danish and British sectors, but there is also production in offshore Qatar, in Algeria and in Kazakhstan.
In addition to the above-mentioned producing sites, Maersk Oil is involved in exploration activities in Danish, British, Dutch and Norwegian sectors of the North Sea, Qatar, Algeria, Kazakhstan, Angola, Gulf of Mexico (US sector), Turkmenistan, Oman, Morocco, Brazil, Colombia and Suriname. Most of these activities are not 100% owned, but are via membership in a consortium.
The company prides itself for having developed production techniques especially suited to difficult environments (North Sea, etc.) and for drilling techniques that succeed in extracting oil from problematic underground conditions.
"Oil and gas activities" provided A.P. Moller – Maersk with 22% of its revenue and 68% of its profit in 2008.
The company owns a 19% stake in Dansk Supermarked Group which operates stores under the brands: Bilka (hypermarket), Føtex (supermarket, department store), Salling (department store) and Netto (discount supermarket).
Maersk Training provides specialist training to specific industries. The 2010 merger of Maersk Training Centre and Svitzer Safety Services broadened a portfolio of courses to include the maritime, oil & gas, terminals and wind power industries.
With centres in Svendborg and Esbjerg in Denmark, the MT Group global locations include Aberdeen and Newcastle in the UK, Esbjerg in Denmark and Stavanger in Norway. Centres are also in Chennai, India and Singapore. Bahrain is the Middle Eastern hub and a new Brazilian centre in Rio de Janeiro opened in 2013.
Star Air operates 11 leased Boeing 767 cargo aircraft, primarily engaged in long-term contract flying for United Parcel Service (UPS) in Europe. The Maersk corporate aircraft, a Gulfstream 450, is also operated by Star Air.
European Rail Shuttle B.V.
In August 2013 Freightliner Group announce the acquisition of leading European intermodal rail operator and railway undertaking ERS Railways B.V. from Maersk Line. ERS Railways B.V. is a railway transport company headquartered in Rotterdam, providing cargo transport, mostly ISO shipping containers.
World Robot Olympiad
World Robot Olympiad is a robotic competition headquartered in Singapore. Maersk Oil is currently a Gold sponsor of this event.
Entry level programmes in A.P. Moller – Maersk
- Maersk Line Graduate Programme (MLGP)
- Damco International Graduate Programme (DIGP)
- Finance Programme (MIFP)
- Technology & Science (MITAS)
Maersk International Shipping Education (M.I.S.E.) was the two-year management trainee program constituted to develop the future leaders of the A.P. Moller – Maersk Group.
Each year approximately 450 trainees were enrolled representing more than 80 countries into the M.I.S.E. Programme. Trainees were selected from more than 85,000 applications received each year and underwent an intensive education. The program combined practical and theoretical education across all major divisions of the group with extensive multicultural exposure and international job opportunities within Maersk upon completion.
Starting 2009, the M.I.S.E programme has been discontinued and Maersk will begin to operate business specific entry level programmes. In autumn 2009, Maersk Line launched a new graduate programme called the Maersk Line Graduate Programme (M.L.G.P) with 42 participants from 65,000 applicants.
On the morning of April 8, 2009 the 17,000-ton Maersk Alabama was en route to Mombasa, Kenya, when it was hijacked by pirates off the Somali coast. The company confirmed that the U.S.-flagged vessel had 20 U.S. nationals on board. This was the first time that the US had to deal with a situation in which Americans were aboard a ship seized by pirates in over 200 years. By noon, the Americans were able to resist the pirates and regain control of the ship. However, the pirates retreated on a covered life boat and held the captain hostage for four days. On April 12, 2009, it was confirmed that the captain held hostage was freed by the US Navy, whose SEAL sharpshooters killed three of the pirates. A fourth pirate surrendered earlier due to a medical injury. These events were subsequently dramatized in the 2013 film Captain Phillips, directed by Paul Greengrass, starring Tom Hanks as the title role.
As of 2010, all 83 Maersk tankers were diverting around the Cape of Good Hope south of Africa instead of going through the Suez Canal, although MS Mærsk Mc-Kinney Møller, the first of the Triple E Class vessels, successfully navigated the Suez during her maiden voyage.
Labor practices in El Salvador and China
In El Salvador, Maersk has been accused of maintaining abusive conditions for port drivers. Charges include excessively long shifts, minimal wages and the repression of freedom of association by running union-busting campaigns, including firing and blacklisting at least 100 drivers in 2001.
Globalization Monitor, a labor rights group based in Hong Kong, has reported poor labor conditions in Maersk facilities in Dongguan and Qingdao, China. In January and May 2008, respectively, two riots reportedly broke out amongst workers at the Maersk plant in Dongguan in protest of poor working conditions and employment terms. In April 2011, Globalization Monitor stated, "Maersk's plants in China are still far from satisfactory as long as labor and human rights are concerned." This although Danish news articles already in November 2009 brought results from a report made by an external work environment consultant Crecea which stated that the environment on the Maersk factory in Dongguan was above average in China.
Overcharging allegations of US Government in Iraq and Afghanistan
In response to a complaint from whistleblower Jerry H. Brown II, the US Government filed suit against Maersk for overcharging for shipments to US forces fighting in Iraq and Afghanistan. In a settlement announced on 3 January 2012, the company agreed to pay $31.9 million in fines and interest, but made no admission of wrongdoing. Brown was entitled to $3.6 million of the settlement.
Business with Sudan
In August 2010, the U.S. government fined Maersk $3.1 million for violating its embargo on Sudan. The fines came not because of trade with Iran but Sudan. "Maersk had a waver from the US government to deliver US Food Aid into Sudan so the US-flagged ship was in Port Sudan to deliver humanitarian aid," a U.S. government spokesman said, but "the booking systems did not identify cargo that was coming on and off the ship and that could be of violation of the embargo". The US government imposed a trade embargo on Sudan in 1997 due to human rights violations linked to the civil war between the north and south of the African country, and also because of the regime's alleged support of international terrorist groups.
Business with Iran
In July 2010, the advocacy group United Against Nuclear Iran originally highlighted Maersk's ties to a blacklisted Iranian company, Tidewater Middle East Co. The firm suspended operations at several Iranian ports owned by Tidewater Middle East Co. Maersk operates in other Iranian ports and also diverted shipments to Dubai, partnering with other Iranian companies that are not bound by U.S. sanctions.
On April 28, 2015, the Marshall Islands-flagged container ship Maersk Tigris, which is not owned by Maersk, was travelling westbound through the Strait of Hormuz. Iranian Revolutionary Guard naval patrol boats contacted ship, and directed it to proceed into Iranian territorial waters, according to a spokesman for the U.S. Defense Department. When the ship's master declined, one of the Iranian craft fired shots across the bridge of the Maersk Tigris. The master complied and proceeded into Iranian waters near Larak Island. The U.S. Navy sent aircraft and a destroyer, USS Farragut, to monitor the situation.
Maersk says they have agreed to pay an Iranian company $163,000 over a dispute about 10 container boxes transported to Dubai in 2005. The court ruling allegedly ordered a fine of $3.6 million.
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